Emergency preparedness training for social workers
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Emergency Preparedness Training for Social Workers. New Jersey Preparedness Consortium (NJ-PTC) UMDNJ & US Department of HHS Grant No. T01HP01407. Goals & Objectives. List 12 categories of items in an Emergency Preparation Kit Identify 3 ethical issues dealing with an emergency

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Emergency preparedness training for social workers

Emergency Preparedness Training for Social Workers

New Jersey Preparedness Consortium (NJ-PTC)

UMDNJ & US Department of HHS

Grant No. T01HP01407

Goals objectives
Goals & Objectives

  • List 12 categories of items in an Emergency Preparation Kit

  • Identify 3 ethical issues dealing with an emergency

  • Name 2 laws dealing with legal issues in an emergency

  • Identify the role of NIMS & ICS during a crisis

Hspd 5 executive order 50 executive order 5
HSPD – 5 Executive Order #50Executive Order #5

Homeland Security Presidential Directive – 5

  • Purpose: Develop & administer a National Incident Management System (NIMS)

    Executive Order #50 (Codey)

  • Purpose: Mandates NIMS as state emergency response standard for NJ

    Executive Order #5 (Corzine)

  • Purpose: Creates cabinet level Homeland Security Director to oversee state emergency response efforts

National incident management system nims
National Incident Management System (NIMS)

  • Provides a national structure to prepare for, prevent, respond & recover from disasters

  • Training at www.fema.gov/emiweb/is

Nims components
NIMS Components

  • Command & Management – Incident Command System (ICS)

  • Preparedness – Emergency Operations Plan (EOP), training

  • Resource Management – Personnel, facilities, equipment, supplies

  • Communications & Information Management – Public Information Officer (PIO)

  • Supporting Technologies – Computers

  • Ongoing Management & Maintenance – Changes, demobilization

Emergency operations planning 4 components
Emergency Operations Planning – 4 Components

  • Preparedness – evaluate risks/probabilities

  • Response – how to deal with risks/probabilities

  • Mitigation – how to minimize the effects or prevent reoccurrence of disaster

  • Recovery – What would be needed to restore unmet needs/how to do this

Incident command system ics
Incident Command System(ICS)

  • System for organizing a response (based on the Emergency Operations Plan) to an emergency after it occurs

  • Common goal of stabilizing the incident - protecting life, property & the environment

  • Directed by an Incident Commander (IC)

  • Has 4 Basic Functions

4 basic functions of ics
4 Basic Functions of ICS

  • Planning – Determine what specifically needs to be done to handle incident

  • Operations – Directs all resources to carry out the plan

  • Logistics – Provides the resources & all other services needed to support the plan

  • Finance/Administration – Monitors costs related to managing the incident

Laws pertaining to incidents
Laws Pertaining to Incidents

  • Homeland Security Presidential Directive – 5

    Established NIMS on national level

  • Executive Order #50

    Established NIMS on state level

  • Executive Order #5

    Established Cabinet Level Homeland Security Director

  • NJ Emergency Health Powers Act - N.J.S.A. 26:13

    Established powers of Commissioner of DHSS during incident

  • Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act - HIPAA

    Established permitted disclosures of identifiable health information

Nj emergency health powers act n j s a 26 13
NJ Emergency Health Powers Act N.J.S.A. 26.13

  • Report Suspected Disease - DHSS

  • Track Disease Process - Commissioner

  • Emergency Health Care Providers Registry

  • Transfer management of health care facility to DHSS

  • Control of Health Care Supplies

  • Vaccination – mandate

  • Require Health Care Providers to Assist

  • Immunity from Liability

  • Reasonable Reimbursement for Services


Personal Health Information (PHI)

  • Persons exposed to reportable communicable diseases

  • Persons who refuse treatment

Principles of ethics
Principles of Ethics

  • Autonomy: Respect self-determination; choice of action

  • Beneficence: Enhance welfare of others; avoid harm (nonmaleficence)

  • Paternalism: Protect against self-harm or harming others (compromised autonomy)

  • Justice: Equitable treatment

Biological agents of highest concern
Biological Agents of Highest Concern

  • Smallpox

  • Anthrax

  • Plague

  • Tularemia

  • Botulism

  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

Types of illnesses these agents can cause
Types of Illnesses These Agents Can Cause

  • “Flu-like” illness (fever, sweats, nausea)

  • Cough and/or pneumonia

  • Headache, confusion

  • Skin ulcers (anthrax, tularemia, plague)

  • Rashes (smallpox, viral hemorrhagic fevers)

  • Paralysis (botulism)

Contagious agents
Contagious Agents

  • Person-to-Person Transmission Smallpox

    Plague Pneumonia

    Some Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (Ebola)

Antibiotics antitoxin or immunization
Antibiotics, Antitoxin, or Immunization

  • Antibiotics – Anthrax, Plague, Tularemia

  • Antitoxin – Botulism

  • Immunization – Smallpox, Anthrax, Some Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers

Infection control category a critical agents
Infection Control – Category A Critical Agents

  • Standard precautions – all cases

  • Airborne & contact precautions - smallpox, viral hemorrhagic fevers

  • Droplet precautions – pneumonic plague

Infection control standard precautions
Infection ControlStandard Precautions

  • Disposable, non-sterile gloves

  • Handwashing after glove removal

  • Disposable gown/apron, face-shield if splashing anticipated

  • Change protective gear between cases

Infection control contact precautions
Infection ControlContact Precautions

  • Standard precautions plus

  • Wear gloves & gown, change after contact with infectious material

  • Dedicate non-critical patient care items to single patient or disinfect between patients

Infection control airborne precautions
Infection ControlAirborne Precautions

  • Airborne Precautions

    • Standard precautions plus

    • Patient in negative air pressure room

    • Wear respiratory protection (HEPA filter mask)

Infection control droplet precautions
Infection ControlDroplet Precautions

  • Standard precautions plus

    • Wear mask when within 6 feet of patient

Quarantine vs isolation
Quarantine vs. Isolation

  • Isolation: separation of a contagious person/group from other people to prevent spread of infection

  • Quarantine: restrictions of activities or limitations of freedom of movement of those presumed exposed to communicable disease to prevent contact with those who have not been exposed

Severity of response dependent upon
Severity of Response Dependent Upon

  • Proximity to event (injured/bereaved)

  • Intensely exposed (first responders)

  • Displaced from home/work

  • Loss of property

  • Age (child/elderly)

  • Special Needs (developmentally disabled/blind/cognitively impaired/etc)

  • Culture

Severity of response dependent upon continued
Severity of Response Dependent Upon Continued

  • History of:

    Previous trauma

    Mental illness

    Substance Abuse

    Chronic Illness

Early intervention goal 1
Early Intervention Goal #1


  • Protect from further physical harm (remove from traumatic scene)

  • See to basic needs (food, shelter, clothing, sanitation, sleep, medical care)

  • Information dissemination

Early intervention goal 2
Early Intervention Goal #2


  • Support to return to normal function (reduce stressors/reminders)

  • Link to critical resources

  • Reunite and keep families together

  • Educate about responses to stressful or traumatic events

Early intervention goal 3
Early Intervention Goal #3


  • Support to return to productive activity

  • Redirect to constructive/helping tasks

Communication general guidelines
CommunicationGeneral Guidelines

  • Tell the truth as it is known, when it is known

  • Explain what is being done to deal with the situation

  • Avoid withholding bad news or disturbing information

  • Be forthright about what is not known

  • Provide practical guidance

  • Messages should be simple & straightforward

Self care

  • Healthy lifestyle

  • Self-regulation

  • Positive coping skills (resilience)

  • Stress management

  • Education

  • Emergency Preparedness Practice