Early national period jefferson to jackson
1 / 28

Early National Period Jefferson to Jackson - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Updated On :

Early National Period Jefferson to Jackson. VUS.6a-b. Political developments in the Early National Period. After George Washington’s presidency ended in the late 1790s, the first political parties emerged…

Related searches for Early National Period Jefferson to Jackson

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Early National Period Jefferson to Jackson' - sugar

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Early national period jefferson to jackson l.jpg

Early National PeriodJefferson to Jackson


Political developments in the early national period l.jpg
Political developments in the Early National Period

  • After George Washington’s presidency ended in the late 1790s, the first political parties emerged…

    • The Federalists--led by Alexander Hamilton believed in a strong national government and an industrial economy. They were supported by bankers and business leaders from the Northeast

Slide3 l.jpg

  • The Democratic-Republicans--led by Thomas Jefferson, believed in a weak national government and an agricultural economy. They were supported by farmers, artisans, and frontier settlers in the South.

Election of 1800 l.jpg
Election of 1800

  • The election was won by Thomas Jefferson (DR) who defeated John Adams (F) and Aaron Burr (DR).

  • **The importance is this is the first American presidential election in which power was peacefully transferred from one political party to another.**

Key supreme court decisions l.jpg
Key Supreme Court decisions

  • Several decisions of the Supreme Court led by Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia established the power of the federal courts to declare laws unconstitutional

Slide6 l.jpg

  • Marbury v Madison--established the principle of JUDICIAL REVIEW

  • McCulloch v Maryland--prohibited states from taxing agencies of the federal government--said “the power to tax is the power to destroy”

Louisiana purchase l.jpg
Louisiana Purchase

  • As President, Thomas Jefferson in 1803 purchased the huge Louisiana Territory from France. This nearly doubled the size of the United States overnight.

Slide8 l.jpg

  • Jefferson authorized the Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the new territories that lay west of the Mississippi River.

  • Sacajawea, an Indian woman, served as guide and translator

War of 1812 l.jpg
War of 1812

  • The American victory over the British in the War of 1812 produced an American claim to the Oregon Territory and increased American migration into Florida.

  • Florida was later acquired by treaty from Spain. (Adams-Onis Treaty)

Monroe doctrine l.jpg
Monroe Doctrine

  • Issued in 1823 by President James Monroe

  • stated--The American continent should not be considered for future colonization by any European powers

Slide11 l.jpg

Slide12 l.jpg

Westward movement l.jpg
Westward movement and safety any attempt by European powers to impose their system on any independent state in the Western Hemisphere.

  • American settlers poured westward from coastal areas into the Midwest, Southwest, and Texas, seeking economic opportunity in the form of land to own and farm

Slide14 l.jpg

Slide15 l.jpg

Slide16 l.jpg

Impact on the native americans l.jpg
Impact on the Native Americans industrial economy and supported the westward movement of settlers.

  • The belief that it was America’s “Manifest Destiny” to spread from the Atlantic to the Pacific provided political support for territorial expansion. The First Americans (Indians) were the ones forced to suffer in the move westward by Americans.

Slide18 l.jpg

Slide19 l.jpg

Slide20 l.jpg

Jacksonian era l.jpg
Jacksonian Era lands would continue throughout the remainder of the 19th century as settlers continued to move west following the Civil War.

  • Terms to know

    • Aristocracy--a government in which power is given to those believed to be best qualified

    • Aristocrat--a member of an aristocracy

Slide22 l.jpg

Jacksonian era political participation l.jpg
Jacksonian Era-Political participation prevent passage of legislation passed by Congress

  • Expansion of Democracy--the number of eligible voters increased as previous property qualifications were eliminated. Prior to the election of 1828, the majority of the American people had been satisfied to have “aristocrats” select their President.

Slide24 l.jpg

Slide25 l.jpg

Bank of the united states l.jpg
Bank of the United States spoils system to reward supporters with government jobs. This practice will continue until a President is killed by a man who did not receive a job he believed he deserved (Garfield, 1881).

  • Jackson distrusted the Bank as an unjust tool of the eastern elite. He vetoed the rechartering of the Bank in 1832. Jackson’s Bank veto was the central issue in the election of 1832. Henry Clay, the National Republican candidate supported the Bank

Slide27 l.jpg

Slide28 l.jpg