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¾ News Briefing

¾ News Briefing

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¾ News Briefing

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  1. ¾ News Briefing Winnie chen

  2. Today: americas/asia integration Krusty the Clown!!!

  3. Simpsons •

  4. Ok, Back to news briefing. • What’s different today? • More discussion!!! Yay!!! :D • …Less topics. No!!!  • What kind of news? • What the heck happened over the winter break?! • Scope: December 2012~March 2013

  5. Europe: horsemeat scandal • January 2013: Horsemeat, pork and chicken were found in products labeled “beef” • DNA investigations have been run through food industries and suppliers all over Europe • Not harmful, but considered “taboo” in many countries • Europe-> FRENZY!!!! • Iris & Samer: Experience in Germany

  6. short discussion • Discuss the following with your group: • 1. Could you imagine this happening in Taiwan? How would you react? • 2. What if it happened in Taiwan, and it was not horsemeat, but dog meat? Would it be more unacceptable, and why? • 3. Europe is spending a lot of money to run investigations, possibly making funding more difficult in other areas. As a consumer, would you still consume beef if investigations were less thorough(徹底)? ???

  7. India: post 2012 Delhi gang rape case • Rape: 16/12/2012. 6 men, one underage. Currently on trial • Plead: Not guilty?! Face charges under the Indian Penal Code • Protests throughout India, South Asia, the world

  8. UN Action • UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (called on governments of India, Delhi): “to do everything in their power to take up radical reforms, ensure justice and reach out with robust public services to make women’s lives more safe and secure”

  9. Criminal law (amendment) ordinance, 2013 • Amendments to the Indian Law on sex offences • Added new offenses (acid attack, sexual harassment, voyeurism, stalking, attempts…) • Amended section 370 on human trafficking/employment • Still lacks some suggestions from the Verma Committee Report (marital rape, reduction of age of consent) et.

  10. Rape law in taiwan

  11. Short discussion • Rape in Taiwan is rarer and often less brutal. Why? Do you think the rape law in Taiwan is sufficient, and effectively prevents rape? • Women’s rights in Taiwan: Have we achieved gender equality? Consider aspects such as sports, social opportunities, employment etc. • Are women’s statuses similar in East Asia? Try comparing to China, Japan and Korea. Why and why not?

  12. 2013. 03. 04 Regional Integration -America and Asia Joey, Eva, Shaune, Luc


  14. Integration! The key word:

  15. What is integration anyway? • The process by which supranational institutions replace national ones-the gradual shifting upward of sovereignty from state to regional or global structures. 整合,名詞,意指集結不同的意見或事物,重新統合,成為新的整體。 整合,名詞,意指集結不同的意見或事物,重新統合,成為新的整體。

  16. Europe as an example

  17. What drives integration? • Self-interest • Pursuit of power • Rationality and calculation • BOP= Balance of Power • States’ decisions • Rooted in both idealism and realism • Integration Theory (Functionalism) • Issue of sovereignty • Information and transportation • Telephones, radio, television, films, Internet… • Time-space convergence • Human goodness by nature • Cooperation > confrontation • Collective Security • Eternal peace

  18. Stages of integration In terms of economic integration • PTA • FTA • Reduction of most trade barriers • Different external tariffs • Customs Union • Common external policy no re-exports • Common Market • Free movement of factors of production • Economic Union • More harmonized policies in fiscal, monetary and other aspects

  19. 1823, with the Monroe Doctrine, the US has stated that “The Americas are for Americans”

  20. NorthAmericaFreeTradeAgreement Presented by Eva Huang

  21. Facts • Signed by three countries: • USA • Canada • Mexico • CameintoforceonJan.1,1994 • Theworld’s largest free trade area • EU v.s. NAFTA: • NAFTA doesn’t go beyond countries’ law and sovereignty

  22. Goal • Goal: to eliminate trade& investment barrier • Trade liberalization • Implementation • Protection of foreign investment • Market access for goods • Tariff reduction on most products • Protection for Intellectual Property • Commitment to the environment • Labor cooperation

  23. Achievements • Since NAFTA came into effect, merchandise trade among the NAFTA partners has more than tripled. • Since NAFTA came into effect, the North American economy has more than doubled in size. • North American employment levels have climbed nearly 23% since 1993.

  24. ProsofNAFTA • Boosted U.S. farm exports • Elimination of high Mexican tariffs • Mexico: the top export destination for U.S. beef, rice, corn….etc. • Reduced oil and grocery prices • Import of oil from Mexico and Canada • Reduced the dependence on Middle East • Spurred investment and growth for small businesses • Lower cost of trading • Loosened restrictions on investments

  25. disputes • Agriculture negotiatedtrilaterally • U.S.-Mexico agriculture agreement • Mexico: Insufficient infrastructure for competition

  26. Cons of NAFTA • U.S. jobs were lost • California, New York, Michigan and Texas • motor vehicles, textiles, computers, and electrical appliances • Mexico's Farmers Were Put Out of Business • Not competitive enough • Mexico government didn’t provide as much subsidies as U.S. government did

  27. Cons of NAFTA • MaquiladoraWorkers Were Exploited • Mexican workers near the border to cheaply assemble products for export to the U.S. • no labor rights or health protections • Mexico's Environment Deteriorated • Use of more fertilizer and chemicals • Deforestation

  28. Regional Integration—Latin America 2013/3/3 Shaune Wang

  29. A Brief History 19thcentury

  30. Bolivar’s Dream • Simón Bolívar • After 1810 • Wars of Independence

  31. Bolivar’s Dream • At that time, people identified with Spanish America as a whole • Bolívar began to propose the creation of various large states and confederations • In 1819, Gran Colombia • In 1825, Bolivian Federation/Andean Confederation Fail!

  32. Bolivar’s Dream • AmphictyonicCongress/Congress of Panama (1826) • A separate league for newly independent Spanish republics • drafted a "Treaty of Union, League, and Perpetual Confederation" Gran Colombia was the only one to ratify it Fail!

  33. The result of Bolivar’s Dream • Federal Republic of Central America • United Provinces of South America • The Empire of Brazil • Gran Colombia Fail! Fail! Awkard Bolivar Fail!

  34. Pan-Amercian Union • In 1889, 18 nations held its 1st conference • To promote trade • An international organization for cooperation on trades and other issues To be continued…

  35. What’s the Bolivar’s Dream? • Latin American politicians often speak of regional integration as "Bolivar's dream." My Dream is going to be revived! Kerker

  36. A Brief History 20th century

  37. Post WWII • After the World War, many nations thought it dangerous to remain a unilateral actor

  38. Rio Treaty • 1947 • The Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance • A system of collective security • 21 nations—including USA

  39. Organization of American States • Pan-American Union • 21 member states—including Marshall from USA • pledged to fight communism • Began functioning in 1951

  40. Latin America and Europe • A need for an alternative organization (Other than UN) • Reached out to Europe (esp. formal colonial countries) • In 1991, Mexico, Brazil and Spain: IberoamericanCommunity of Nations

  41. Nowadays Difference organizations

  42. Various Organizations • LAIA –Latin American Integration Association • MERCOSUR • Andean Community of Nations (ANCOM) • Bolivarian Alternative to Latin America and the Caribbean (known by its Spanish acronym ALBA) / People’s Trade Agreement • The South-American Union of Nations (UNASUR) • The G-3 • Central American Common Market (CACM) • Association of Caribbean States (ACS) • Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

  43. Background • Latin American countries responded by developing an industrialization process that was oriented towards their own domestic market • Import substitution industrialization •  Constructing free trade areas

  44. The Latin American Free Trade Association (LAFTA) • 1960 Treaty of Montevideo • Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay • In hope of creating a common market in Latin America and offered tariff rebates among member nations • Represented (and still represents) around 85% of all of Latin America and the Caribbean

  45. The Latin America Integration Association • 1980, LAFTA reorganized into ALADI • 14 members • Was created with a more flexible and more limited role of encouraging free trade • To create a Latin American common market in the long run

  46. Mercado Común del Sur—SouthernCommonMarket • Established in 1991 • 5 member states: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela • Its purpose is to promote free trade and fluid movement of goods, people, and currency. • A full custom union 關稅同盟

  47. The Central American Common Market (CACM) • 1960 • 5 central American nations: Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and later joined by Costa Rica • In response to the need of member countries to cooperate with each other to attract industrial capital and diversify their economies Honduras Guatemala Nicaragua El Salvador Costa Rica Panama

  48. The Central American Common Market (CACM) • By the late 1960s the CACM had made considerable progress • In 1969, however, Honduras and El Salvador broke off commercial and diplomatic relations during their so-called “Soccer War.” • Suspended its activities in the mid-1980s. • By 1993, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua had ratified a new Central American Free Trade Zone

  49. Actually… • Organizations such as the MERCOSUR was linked to US pressure • After all, in 1823, the Monroe Doctrine has stated that “The Americas are for Americans”