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A Tavaana Webinar. Exploring PROMOTION Tactics Building human rights cultures and institutions. provided by Nancy L. Pearson, M.S.W., L.I.S.W. New Tactics in Human Rights Project Manager The Center for Victims of Torture. A Project of. 649 Dayton Avenue  St. Paul, MN 55104  USA

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A project of

A Tavaana Webinar

Exploring PROMOTION Tactics

Building human rights cultures and institutions

provided by

Nancy L. Pearson, M.S.W., L.I.S.W.

New Tactics in Human Rights Project Manager

The Center for Victims of Torture

A Project of

649 Dayton Avenue  St. Paul, MN 55104  USA

T:+1.612.436.4800  Email: newtactics@cvt.org

Websites: http://www.cvt.org  http://www.newtactics.org


Today s webinar outline
Today’s Webinar Outline:

  • Brief overview and orientation to:

    • Using our on-line tools!

    • Foundation for Strategic Thinking & Tactical Innovation

    • Key Terms

    • SIX reasons for the need for “new” tactics

  • Exploring PROMOTION Tactics



Did you attend any of the previous webinars prevention intervention or restorative tactics

Did you attend ANY of the previous webinars – Prevention,Intervention or Restorative tactics?

YES

NO

NO, but I did attend the New Tactics course offered by Tavaana

NO, but I did attend a different course offered by Tavaana

A

B

C

D


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Foundations for

Strategic Thinking and

Tactical Innovation


Sun tzu over 2 000 years ago
Sun Tzu (over 2,000 years ago)

  • THREE sources of knowledge that are necessary for good strategic and tactical thinking.


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From Sun Tzu—the Art of War

Know

Know

Know


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From Sun Tzu—the Art of War

Know Your

Opponent

Know

Yourself

Know the

Terrain



What is strategy

What is STRATEGY?

Selecting key objectives

Understanding of needed constituencies

Deciding which tactics to use and when

All of the above

A

B

C

D


Strategy requires the joining together of many decisions
Strategy requires the joining together of many decisions

Strategy defines what is important to do.


Strategy requires
Strategy requires…

Decisions that include key steps and approaches in accomplishing the goal.

  • Selection of key objectives

  • Appropriate targets

  • Understanding of needed constituencies

  • Resources

  • Decisions on which tactics to use and when


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If strategy defines what is important to do…

how would you define TACTICS?


Tactics
Tactics

Tactics are the means through which a change is made. Tactics are the levers or mechanisms to carry out a strategy.

  • A tactic is a specific action or systematic combination of actions taken to affect a given situation.

  • Tactics are one of the key building blocks of strategy.

  • Tactics are about “the how,” while strategies are about “the what.”


Why the need for
Why the need for

"new" tactics?


When your only tool is a hammer
When your only tool is a hammer,

New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org


Every problem looks like a nail
every problem looks like a nail.

New Tactics in Human Rights – www.newtactics.org


6 reasons for
6 Reasons for

"new" tactics

  • What we know how to do influences what we think is possible to do. Tactics help determine strategy.

  • Different tactics are effective against different targets.

  • Different tactics appeal to different constituencies.

  • Tactical flexibility is the source of surprise.

  • Tactics teach participants and observers how to engage in the world.

  • Tactics are the training systems for engaging participants and allies in the organization’s work.



What do we mean when we talk about a target for a tactic
What do we mean when we talk about a “TARGET” for a tactic?


Target
Target

The person, institution, group or segment of society where your tactical action is directed.


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PERSON

What GROUP ?


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GROUP

What INSTITUTION ?


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Policy & Law

Local, National & International

Government Institutions

Health

& Service

Institutions

Institutions

Civil Society Organizations

Judicial Institutions


Questions or comments
Questions or Comments


What are important considerations you need to make when considering your tactical choices
What are important considerations you need to make when considering your tactical choices?


Important considerations when making tactical choices
Important considerations when making tactical choices:

  • Group’s capacities

  • Tolerance for risk

  • Analysis of the opponent

  • Context in which the tactics will be used



Pomotion tactics
POMOTION Tactics

Primary source for today’s examples:

  • New Tactics in Human Rights: A Resource for Practitioners (Use quick link “Workbook”and is available in English, Farsi, Arabic & other languages)

  • Additional sources from New Tactics website: http://www.newtactics.org – use quick links “Tactics” and “Notebooks”

  • See also Tavaana’s website for additional Case Study Examples:http://tavaana.org/casestudies.jsp


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Exploring FOUR kinds of PROMOTION tactics:

These are tactics to BUILD HUMAN RIGHTS CULTURES AND INSTITUIONS

  • Constituency-building

  • Collaboration

  • Capacity-building

  • Awareness raising


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PROMOTION tactics:

  • Tactics for Building Constituencies

    These are tactics that involve new groups in human rights advocacy in order to:

    • Reach out to new people not previously engaged

    • Bring new ideas, energy, resources and contacts

    • Expanding the diversity of people involved.


Constituency building tactics
Constituency-buildingTactics

Netherlands: Building Networks Through Text Messaging

Using text-messaging to build constituencies for human rights action (English page 123, Farsi, page _117_)

MAIN TARGET: Youth

GOAL: Engage young people in quickly responding to cases of torture through Urgent Action appeals.

Source: “Sending out an SMS” tactical notebook, Amnesty International-Netherlands

  • MEANS:

    • Using the technology of text messaging to reach, recruit and get large numbers of people – especially youth – to take ACTION.

    • Engaged musicians at music festivals to promote the “SMS network”.

    • 350 local Amnesty groups in the Netherlands.


Constituency building tactics1
Constituency-buildingTactics

Netherlands: Building Networks Through Text Messaging

Using text-messaging to build constituencies for human rights action

TIMELINE:

  • 2001 – Amnesty International launched their campaign against torture. The average age of Amnesty’s letter writing members was over 45.

  • November 1, 2002 – Burundi Student Elvis Kazungu was arrested, tortured. AI-Netherlands held a text-message campaign in which 4,088 people protested his captivity and maltreatment. On November 29, Kazungu was released.

Source: “Sending out an SMS” tactical notebook, Amnesty International-Netherlands

  • RESULTS:

  • More than 500 new people joined as members of AI-Netherlands

  • More than 5,000 people responded to urgent action appeals sent through text-messaging

  • In the text-message actions AI-Netherlands campaigned for in 2002 – 40 % met with success (e.g., death sentences commuted, “disappeared” people reappeared, whereabouts of detained people were announced)


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  • What other constituency tactics can you share?

  • Other questions or comments?


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PROMOTION new constituency for your work? tactics:

  • Collaboration Tactics

    These are tactics are used to develop new and effective partnerships for change.

    Strategic collaboration can make advocates more prepared, more powerful and more representative of communities.

    • Increased legitimacy: (in the mainstream, in media and in government).

    • Increased protection: (diverse and powerful allies make advocacy work more difficult for opponents to attack).


Collaboration tactics
Collaboration new constituency for your work?Tactics

Peru: Building a United Front

Building a coalition of a country’s human rights organizations to speak with one voice against abuses (English page 127, Farsi, page 121)

MAIN TARGET: Human Rights Organizations

GOAL: To build and unite a coalition of organizations to combat human rights abuses in Peru

Source: Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos in Peru, “Together We Are Stronger” New Tactics Tactical Notebook. Peace marches were organized during the worst years of the internal armed conflict. http://derechoshumanos.pe/campanas/

  • MEANS: Adherence to the following:

    • Clear principles of internal functioning

    • Decision-making by consensus

    • Representing the collective

    • Agreement on priorities that will be carried out together


Collaboration tactics1
Collaboration new constituency for your work?Tactics

Peru: Building a United Front

Building a coalition of a country’s human rights organizations to speak with one voice against abuses

TIMELINE:

  • 1983-84 nearly 6,000 Peruvians lost their lives as a result of political violence

  • 1985: Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos (CNDDHH) was founded

    Campaign to support Inter-American Court of Human Rights:

  • 1999 Peru was living under the authoritarian regime of Alberto Fujimori

  • May 1999 Inter-American Court on Human Rights ruled against the Peruvian state.

  • June 1999 Peruvian government tried to withdraw from the contentious jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court on Human Rights.

Source: Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos in Peru, “Together We Are Stronger” New Tactics Tactical Notebook. Peace marches were organized during the worst years of the internal armed conflict. http://derechoshumanos.pe/campanas/

  • July 8, 1999, Peruvian government made official its intention to withdraw from the Inter-American Court and CNDDHH begins mobilizing the Coalition and other sectors of civil society.

  • July 19, 1999 In addition to CNDDHH members, more than 400 social and political organizations signed CNDDHH's press release

  • July - December 1999 Increased national and international pressure from over 200 international organizations and the Inter-American court resulted in short and long term goals.

  • RESULTS:

  • Short term: demonstrated that at the national level, organized civil society was capable of mobilizing itself against the Alberto Fujimori regime. The effective information-spreading campaign turned the tide of public opinion regarding the Inter-American Court on Human Rights

  • Long term: This motivated an energetic rejection of the regime that contributed to the dismantling of Alberto Fujimori’s regime. One of the first decisions of the transition government was to officially regularize Peru’s continuance in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.


What is your vision1
What is your vision? new constituency for your work?

  • November 2000 – Fujimori ousted from power

  • July - December 1999 national and international pressure from over 200 international organizations

  • July 19, 1999 CNDDHH mobilizes the Coalition and other sectors of civil society, more than 400 social and political organizations signed CNDDHH's press release

  • July 8, 1999, Peruvian government made official its intention to withdraw from the Inter-American Court

  • 1999 Peru living under the authoritarian regime of Alberto Fujimori

  • 1985: Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos (CNDDHH) was founded

  • 1983-84 nearly 6,000 Peruvians lost their lives as a result of political violence


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Collaboration new constituency for your work?Tactics

Other tactic example:

Sisters in Islam: Protecting Women's Rights in Malaysia

http://www.tavaana.org/casestudies.jsp?lang=en

In 1985, the Joint Action Group, a broad coalition of women's organizations, declared domestic violence a social concern in Malaysia and sought to pass legislation that would put an end to this abuse.

Zainah Anwar, an active member of the JAG campaign, discovered that the general discourse on women's rights blamed Islam for Malaysia's gender rights inequality.

Anwar argued that it was the patriarchal interpretation of Islam that caused injustices against women. It was this principle upon which Anwar founded Sisters in Islam in 1988.

By 1988, the JAG was calling for a Domestic Violence Act which would criminalize spousal abuse in Malaysia.

The Domestic Violence Act, which was not passed by the parliament until 1994, could not have become law without Sisters in Islam.

Current advocacy areas:

  • Violence Against Women

  • Muslim Family Law

  • Polygamy

  • Moral Policing

  • Fundamental Liberties

Source: Tavaana case study: Zainah Anwar, founder of Sisters in Islam

http://www.sistersinislam.org.my/


How have you developed or used collaborations to move your work forward
How have you developed or used collaborations to move your work forward?

  • Can you give an example of where a collaborative had significant results?

  • Other questions or comments?


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PROMOTION work forward? tactics:

  • Building Capacity Tactics

    These are tactics build capacity in two essential ways:

    • Give human rights practitioners the skills they need to do their work better and faster.

    • Give people who are nominally outside of human rights work the skills they need to advance human rights.


Building capacity tactics
Building Capacity work forward?Tactics

Paraguay/International:

The Eyes and Ears of Human Rights:

WITNESS - Empowering NGOs to use video in human rights advocacy

(English page 140-141, Farsi, page _135_)

Source: WITNESS website homepage, Featuring "Cameras Everywhere Report 2011, Current Challenges And Opportunities At The Intersection Of Human Rights, Video And Technology“, http://www.witness.org/

  • TARGET: Non-governmental

  • organizations, citizens

  • GOAL:

  • Creating partners for building long term capacity to use video effectively in the broad range of human rights advocacy.

  • MEANS:

    • Providing the equipment to organizations

    • Providing intensive training and instruction for using video

    • Systematic evaluation of video footage

    • Post production assistance to create powerful documentaries


Building capacity tactics1
Building Capacity work forward?Tactics

Paraguay/International:

The Eyes and Ears of Human Rights: WITNESS - Empowering NGOs to use video in human rights advocacy

  • TIMELINE:

    • 2002-2003 WITNESS partnered with Mental Disability Rights International (MDRI) in Paraguay to create a video documentary of conditions in a Paraguayan psychiatric hospital.

    • December 2003 MDRI filed emergency petition before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights including the video

Source: WITNESS website homepage, Featuring "Cameras Everywhere Report 2011, Current Challenges And Opportunities At The Intersection Of Human Rights, Video And Technology“, http://www.witness.org/

  • RESULTS:

  • 1st time the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights approved urgent measure to protect the lives and physical integrity of those in psychiatric institutions

  • Set a precedent that can now be used in other countries in the region.

  • Video was publicly broadcasted – resulted in Paraguayan President and Minister of Health to visit the institution.

  • Hospital director fired, investigative committee formed.

  • Paraguayan Health Ministry is working with the Pan-American Health Organization to promote community integration for people with mental disabilities.


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PROMOTION work forward? tactics:

  • Building AwarenessTactics

    These tactics build awareness of human rights – when people don’t know their rights, abusive action by government or people who hold power, are accepted, tolerated or overlooked. These tactics build:

    • Awareness of the larger concept of human rights

    • Application of these rights to individuals and communities.


Building awareness tactics
Building Awareness work forward?Tactics

GREENPEACE, Lebanon: Making Your Point with Mapping

Visual mapping to create public awareness and pressure for policy change

(English page 149, Farsi, page _143_)

TARGET:

Citizens / Policymakers

GOAL:

Build public awareness of the toxic dumping along the Lebanon coastline to pressure policymakers to pass environmental law.

Source: GREENPEACE-Lebanon, New Tactics Workshop, 2003. http://www.newtactics.org/TraininginPractice/MiddleEastSeminar

  • MEANS:

    • Used Geographical Information System (GIS) software to map environmental violations

    • Used inflatable boat to engaged media to accompany activists to test new sites each week and track the toxic results on a map to show the public

    • Drafted environmental law and used the map and public pressure to lobby policymakers


Building awareness tactics1
Building Awareness work forward?Tactics

GREENPEACE, Lebanon: Making Your Point with Mapping

Visual mapping to create public awareness and pressure for policy change

  • TIMELINE:

  • 2002-2003 Greenpeace-Lebanon launches campaign to build public awareness of toxic waste generated by industry

  • RESULTS:

    • Turned dry, technical information into a compelling picture – making facts understandable to the public

    • Made the environmental problem visible and urgent to the public

    • Created public demand for an environmental law and pressure on politicians to act

    • Public Law #444 – an environmental code that included the right to access to information was passed.

Source: GREENPEACE-Lebanon, New Tactics Workshop, 2003. http://www.newtactics.org/TraininginPractice/MiddleEastSeminar


How might these ideas be adapted to address issues in your country or community

How might these ideas be adapted to address issues in your country or community?

  • Other questions or comments?


A project of

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A Project of

The Center for Victims of Torture – New Tactics in Human Rights Project

649 Dayton Avenue  St. Paul, MN 55104  USA

T:+1.612.436.4800  Email: newtactics@cvt.org

Websites: http://www.cvt.org  http://www.newtactics.org


A project of