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Carbohydrate Counting. In-service Elizabeth Olivares Dietetic Intern. Introduction. What is a carbohydrate? What food contain carbohydrates? Why patients are on a Consistent Carbohydrate diet? Why count carbohydrates?

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carbohydrate counting

Carbohydrate Counting

In-service

Elizabeth Olivares

Dietetic Intern

introduction
Introduction
  • What is a carbohydrate?
  • What food contain carbohydrates?
  • Why patients are on a Consistent Carbohydrate diet?
  • Why count carbohydrates?
  • Grams and servings of carbohydrate in Consistent Carbohydrate diet.
  • Explaining hospital menu to patients.
  • Teach how to count carbohydrates.
  • Take a quiz to test knowledge.
what foods contain carbohydrates
What foods contain carbohydrates?
  • Grains: bread, cereal, rice, pasta, and other grains.
  • Starchy vegetables (potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, corn, and winter squash).
  • Beans and legumes.
  • Fruit and fruit juices.
  • Milk, soy milk, and yogurt.
  • Pastries, jam, ice cream, sherbet, and syrup.
consistent carbohydrate diet
Consistent Carbohydrate Diet
  • Control blood sugars
  • Distribute carbohydrates intake at each meal
carbohydrates
blood glucoseCarbohydrates
  • Grains: bread, cereal, rice, pasta, and other grains.
  • Starchy vegetables (potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, corn, and winter squash).
  • Beans and legumes.
  • Fruit and fruit juices.
  • Milk, soy milk, and yogurt.
  • Pastries, jam, ice cream, sherbet, and syrup.
consistent carbohydrate diet1
Consistent Carbohydrate Diet
  • On the menu: The number of carbohydrates servings are in ().
carbohydrate counting1
Carbohydrate Counting

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO

starch
Starch
  • 1 slice of bread
  • 1 tortilla
  • ¼ large bagel
  • 2 taco shells
  • ½ hamburger or hot dog bun
  • ¾ cup ready to eat cereal
  • ½ cup cooked cereal
  • 1 cup broth-based soup
  • 4-6 small crackers
  • 1 serving of casserole
  • 1/3 cup pasta or rice (cooked)
  • ½ cup beans, peas, corn, sweet potatoes, winter squash, or mashed or boiled potatoes (cooked)
  • ¼ large baked potato
  • ¾ oz pretzels, potato chips, or tortilla chips
  • 3 cups popcorn (popped)

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO

fruit and fruit juices
Fruit and Fruit Juices
  • 1 small fresh fruit (4 oz)
  • ½ cup canned fruit
  • ¼ dried fruit (2 tbsp)
  • 17 small grapes (3 oz)
  • 1 cup melon, berries
  • 2 tbsp raisins
  • ½ cup fruit juice

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO

milk yogurt
Milk/Yogurt
  • 1 cup fat-free or reduced fat milk
  • 1 cup soy milk
  • 2/3 cup (6 oz) fat free yogurt sweetened with sugar free sweetener

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO

sweets and desserts
Sweets and Desserts
  • 2 inch square cake (unfrosted)
  • 2 small cookies
  • ½ cup ice cream or frozen yogurt
  • ¼ cup sherbet or sorbet
  • 1 tbsp syrup, jam, jelly, table sugar, or honey.
  • 2 tbsp light syrup

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO

test 1
Test 1
  • ¾ oz potato chips
  • 1 sandwich
    • 2 slices of bread
    • Ham
    • Tomato
    • Lettuce
    • Pickle
  • 1 serving = 15 gms
  • 2 servings =30 gms
  • Total = 45 gms
test 2
Test 2
  • 2 pancakes
  • 2 eggs
  • 2 slices of bacon
  • 2 tablespoons light syrup
  • 1 cup milk
  • 2 servings = 30 gms
  • 1 serving = 15 gms
  • 1 serving = 15 gms
  • Total = 60 gms
test 3
Test 3
  • 2 chicken & cheese enchiladas
    • 6” corn tortillas
  • 1/3 cup of rice
  • ½ cup pinto beans
  • 2 servings = 30 gms
  • 1 serving = 15 gms
  • 1 serving = 15 gms
  • Total = 60gms
test 4
Test 4
  • ½ cup canned fruit
  • 1 diet coke
  • 1 medium baked potato w/ sour cream
  • 1 fried chicken thigh
  • ½ corn on the cob
  • 1/3 cup of pasta salad
  • 1 serving =15 gm
  • 0
  • 2 servings =30 gm
  • 0
  • 1 serving = 15 gm
  • 1 serving = 15 gm
  • Total = 75 gm
test 5
Test 5
  • 1 cup noodles
  • shrimp
  • ½ cup mixed vegetables
  • 1 cup apple juice
  • ¼ cup orange sherbet
  • 3 servings = 45 gms
  • 2 servings = 30 gms
  • 1 serving = 15 gms
  • Total = 90 gms
references
References
  • Van Antwerp, M. Diabetic Diet Handout.
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