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Western Europe. Its Land and Early History. Section 1: A Land of Varied Riches. EQ 1: How do you describe Europe’s geography? EQ 2: What factors affect Europe’s climate? EQ 3: How do the natural resources of Europe affect what it produces today?. Land.

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western europe

Western Europe

Its Land and Early History

section 1 a land of varied riches
Section 1: A Land of Varied Riches

EQ 1: How do you describe Europe’s geography?

EQ 2: What factors affect Europe’s climate?

EQ 3: How do the natural resources of Europe affect what it produces today?

  • Europe is part of Eurasia (Europe & Asia)
    • World’s largest landmass
    • Ural Mountains divide Europe and Asia
    • ¼ of Russia is in Europe
  • Europe is a peninsula with many smaller peninsulas formed by bays and harbors.
  • Peninsula –A body of land nearly surrounded by water
landforms peninsulas
Landforms- Peninsulas
  • In Northern Europe, the Scandinavian Peninsula is home to Norway and Sweden. Along the jagged shoreline of this peninsula are beautiful fjords.
    • A fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea located between steep cliffs.
  • In Western Europe, the Iberian Peninsula includes Portugal and Spain. The Iberian Peninsula is separated from the rest of the continent by a mountain range called the Pyrenees.
4 major land regions
4 Major Land Regions

Austrian Alps

  • Northwestern Highlands
    • Far northern part of Europe (Norway & Sweden)
    • Steep sloped mountains with thin soil
    • Few people live here

(25 people/square mile)

**Population Density –The average number of people living per sq mile or km.

    • Successful timber industry -forests

Norangsfjorden- Norway

4 major land regions1
4 Major Land Regions
  • North European Plain
    • Covers over ½ of north central Europe
    • Most productive farmland
    • Largest cities are located in this region today
    • Most of Europe’s population lives on this landform.
    • Loess -Rich dust like soil found in the European plain.
4 major land regions2
4 Major Land Regions


  • Central Uplands
    • Area of mountains and plateaus
    • Rocky land –not good for farming
    • Mostly used for cattle and mineral resources
4 major land regions3
4 Major Land Regions
  • Alpine Mountains
    • Southern portion of Europe
    • From Spain across to Eastern Europe
    • Alps are the highest mountains in this system
    • Many popular vacation places
  • The Alps
  • The Pyrenees
  • The Balkan
  • Ural

**Rain Shadow –An area on the sheltered side of a mountain that receives little rain fall.

  • Important Rivers
    • Rhine &Danube Rivers –Germany
    • Seine & Loire Rivers –France
    • Po Rivers –Italy
    • Thames River -England



The Tulip Festival

4 major climate regions
4 Major Climate Regions

1. Marine West Coast- Northwestern Europe

  • North Atlantic Current
    • Current carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico across the Atlantic Ocean to Europe
    • Winds off warm waters carry moisture onto land, making it wet and keeping temperatures warm
  • Even though they are far to the North, they have a mild climate.
4 major climate regions1
4 Major Climate Regions
  • Mediterranean- along

Mediterranean Sea

      • Hot and dry summers
      • Mild and rainy winters
4 major climate regions2
4 Major Climate Regions

3. Humid Continental- Central Europe

  • Inland areas away from major bodies of water experience very cold winters & very hot summers
  • Sub Artic- Northern Europe
    • -Short, cool summers and very long cold winters
  • -Warmest days maybe 40º F
  • Varies as much as the climate
  • Forest- most natural vegetation
  • Taiga –A forest in Russia that covers 4 million sq miles…the largest forest in the world
  • Steppes –The Russian grasslands
  • Central and Southern Europe once covered by grasslands (prairie)
    • Cleared for farming
  • Tundra - A treeless plain where only grasses and mosses grow
  • Permafrost –Permanently frozen soil
natural resources
Natural Resources
  • Hydroelectric Power –Water generated power
  • Fossil Fuel –Fuel from fossils
    • a. Renewable
    • b. Non-Renewable
  • Reserves –The available supply

of a fossil fuel