Western Europe. Its Land and Early History. Section 1: A Land of Varied Riches. EQ 1: How do you describe Europe’s geography? EQ 2: What factors affect Europe’s climate? EQ 3: How do the natural resources of Europe affect what it produces today?. Land.
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Western Europe Its Land and Early History
Section 1: A Land of Varied Riches EQ 1: How do you describe Europe’s geography? EQ 2: What factors affect Europe’s climate? EQ 3: How do the natural resources of Europe affect what it produces today?
Land • Europe is part of Eurasia (Europe & Asia) • World’s largest landmass • Ural Mountains divide Europe and Asia • ¼ of Russia is in Europe
Land • Europe is a peninsula with many smaller peninsulas formed by bays and harbors. • Peninsula –A body of land nearly surrounded by water
Landforms- Peninsulas • In Northern Europe, the Scandinavian Peninsula is home to Norway and Sweden. Along the jagged shoreline of this peninsula are beautiful fjords. • A fjord is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea located between steep cliffs. • In Western Europe, the Iberian Peninsula includes Portugal and Spain. The Iberian Peninsula is separated from the rest of the continent by a mountain range called the Pyrenees.
4 Major Land Regions Austrian Alps • Northwestern Highlands • Far northern part of Europe (Norway & Sweden) • Steep sloped mountains with thin soil • Few people live here (25 people/square mile) **Population Density –The average number of people living per sq mile or km. • Successful timber industry -forests Norangsfjorden- Norway
4 Major Land Regions • North European Plain • Covers over ½ of north central Europe • Most productive farmland • Largest cities are located in this region today • Most of Europe’s population lives on this landform. • Loess -Rich dust like soil found in the European plain.
4 Major Land Regions Grundlsee • Central Uplands • Area of mountains and plateaus • Rocky land –not good for farming • Mostly used for cattle and mineral resources
4 Major Land Regions • Alpine Mountains • Southern portion of Europe • From Spain across to Eastern Europe • Alps are the highest mountains in this system • Many popular vacation places
Mountains • The Alps • The Pyrenees • The Balkan • Ural **Rain Shadow –An area on the sheltered side of a mountain that receives little rain fall.
Water • Important Rivers • Rhine &Danube Rivers –Germany • Seine & Loire Rivers –France • Po Rivers –Italy • Thames River -England
Photos Windmill Amsterdam The Tulip Festival
4 Major Climate Regions 1. Marine West Coast- Northwestern Europe • North Atlantic Current • Current carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico across the Atlantic Ocean to Europe • Winds off warm waters carry moisture onto land, making it wet and keeping temperatures warm • Even though they are far to the North, they have a mild climate.
4 Major Climate Regions • Mediterranean- along Mediterranean Sea • Hot and dry summers • Mild and rainy winters
4 Major Climate Regions 3. Humid Continental- Central Europe • Inland areas away from major bodies of water experience very cold winters & very hot summers • Sub Artic- Northern Europe • -Short, cool summers and very long cold winters • -Warmest days maybe 40º F
Vegetation • Varies as much as the climate • Forest- most natural vegetation • Taiga –A forest in Russia that covers 4 million sq miles…the largest forest in the world
Vegetation • Steppes –The Russian grasslands • Central and Southern Europe once covered by grasslands (prairie) • Cleared for farming
Vegetation • Tundra - A treeless plain where only grasses and mosses grow • Permafrost –Permanently frozen soil
Natural Resources • Hydroelectric Power –Water generated power • Fossil Fuel –Fuel from fossils • a. Renewable • b. Non-Renewable • Reserves –The available supply of a fossil fuel