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and. Presents Spring Forum 2002. ECMA/TC32-TG17/2002/32. Standards for VoIP in the Enterprise. Presented by John Elwell (john.elwell@siemenscomms.co.uk). PBX. PBX. QSIG. PBX. PSTN/ISDN. Traditional Enterprise Networks Private Integrated Services Network (PISN). IP Network.

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    1. and Presents Spring Forum 2002 ECMA/TC32-TG17/2002/32

    2. Standards for VoIP in the Enterprise Presented by John Elwell (john.elwell@siemenscomms.co.uk)

    3. PBX PBX QSIG PBX PSTN/ISDN Traditional Enterprise NetworksPrivate Integrated Services Network (PISN) IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    4. IP Network Gatekeepers, proxies, redirects, location servers, authentication servers, border elements, etc. Gateways to other networks VoIP Networks IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    5. The Need for Evolution • Many enterprises have substantial investment in traditional voice networks • Fork-lift upgrade can be too costly and risky, particularly for larger networks • Desire to evolve to exploit common infrastructure and new applications • Must maintain business-critical functionality • Desirable to maintain other frequently used functions IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    6. Gateway PBX PBX IP Network PSTN/ISDN Gatekeepers, proxies, etc. Interworking • New VoIP additions need to interwork with existing PBXs • Need to interwork signalling, numbering, etc. IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    7. IP Network PBX PBX Gateway Gateway PBX PBX PSTN/ISDN PSTN/ISDN Gatekeepers, proxies, etc. Bridging • IP wide area network used to interconnect different parts of PISN • Need to convey PISN signalling, numbering etc. across IP network - tunnelling IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    8. ECMA Work on VoIP • QSIG standards were developed in ECMA and led to the publication of ISO/IEC international standards • Other work on traditional enterprise voice networks includes architecture, numbering and addressing • Attention now focused on VoIP and multimedia, in particular evolution of traditional networks to IP • Standards produced on tunnelling QSIG over IP and on interworking between QSIG and signalling systems used on IP networks • Protocol-agnostic as far as IP network is concerned - both H.323 and SIP addressed IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    9. Signalling • H.323 and SIP are the peer-to-peer protocols for IP networks • MGCP and MEGACO - not considered of direct relevance • ECMA is concerned with applying signalling standards to enterprise environments - protocols themselves are responsibility of ITU-T and IETF • In some respects similar to the IETF SIPPING group, but focusing on the enterprise • If shortcoming in protocol detected, will work with ITU-T or IETF to correct • Production of interworking and tunnelling standards IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    10. Identification • PISN identifies users by numbers or addresses • Private numbering plan and/or E.164 • Separate directory service to get number from name • Can supply name for display purposes • By default numbers are screened for authenticity, except when crossing network boundaries • Presentation restriction capability for privacy • H.323 similar, but can also support URLs • SIP uses URLs exclusively • SIP or telephony URL in particular • No intrinsic authentication or privacy of IDs • Privacy draft being worked on in IETF • Interworking raises issues IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    11. Features (QSIG/ H.323) • QSIG has many features - most PBX features can be networked where applicable • Many of less importance in IP network - achievable by alternative means • H.323 has some features - H.450.x • Generally the most important ones, e.g., transfer, diversion, call completion • Good compatibility with QSIG - easy interworking IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    12. Features (SIP) • SIP has no features as such, BUT: • Provides toolkit (methods, headers) from which features can be assembled • Call transfer, presence, instant messaging under study • Some discussion on call diversion - intrinsic capability anyway, but lacking certain notifications IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    13. Mobility • QSIG has support for terminal mobility (cordless) and for user mobility • H.323 and SIP have an intrinsic mobility capability within a “zone” (gatekeeper or proxy) • Inter-zone mobility being studied • ITU-T SG16 has recently approved H.501, H.510 and H.530 in support of mobility • ECMA to study mobility in enterprise environment, with emphasis on services and applications rather than underlying technology IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    14. Security and QoS • Security and QoS big issues for IP network but not for traditional networks • Security handled separately by ITU-T for H.323 (using H.235) and by IETF for SIP (using general purpose security mechanisms) • QoS largely independent of signalling protocol • Security and QoS have little impact on interworking • Security and QoS both important, but considerations not necessarily different in the enterprise IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    15. ECMA work on QSIG/H.323 • Interworking: • Basic call interworking (ECMA-332) • Interworking of the generic functional protocol for support of supplementary services (ECMA-307) • Interworking of call transfer (ECMA-308) • Interworking of call diversion (ECMA-309) • Tunnelling (based on H.323 annex M.1): • ECMA-333 THIS IS AVAILABLE TODAY IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    16. ECMA work on QSIG/SIP • Basic call interworking - draft ECMA Standard almost complete - being sent to IETF as Internet-Draft to seek comments • Tunnelling - to be based on RFC 3204 • Privacy interworking • Identification • Call transfer • Call diversion • Mobility THIS IS HARDER – IT’S STILL EARLY DAYS IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    17. Future focus in ECMA • Services and applications in the enterprise • What do customers want? • What is needed to support this? • What further standardization is needed to achieve this? • Service platforms • Service control architectures • Service provisioning across multiple networks • User customization • User presence, availability and messaging • Impact of user mobility • Other aspects: security / QoS / reliability / performance as applied to the enterprise IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland

    18. Conclusion • Evolution of the voice network is important to many enterprises • Traditional and IP networks need to co-exist in the enterprise • Exploitation of new services and applications in IP network • But needs to be complemented by extending existing services to IP and mixed environments • ECMA is working to ensure appropriate standards are in place THANK YOU IMTC / Wainhouse Research Spring Forum – May 2002 – Geneva, Switzerland