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What does Oral Health mean to YOU?!. By: Brooke & Sarah. Would you want your prom date to look like this?. Why Oral Health is Important. Prevents Cavities Prevents Gum & Periodontal Disease Enables you to eat, speak and socialize without pain or embarrassment

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why oral health is important
Why Oral Health is Important
  • Prevents Cavities
  • Prevents Gum & Periodontal Disease
  • Enables you to eat, speak and socialize without pain or embarrassment
  • Decreases your chance of heart disease, lung disease, and stroke.
  • Decreases the chance of pregnant women having low weight- premature babies.
what is plaque
What is Plaque?
  • White or yellow sticky film that covers your teeth. It is made of bacteria, germs, and food particles.
  • Plaque forms constantly
  • Plaque plays the lead role in tooth decay!

How can Plaque be removed??


By Brushing & Flossing!!

Plaque as it is in the mouth

Plaque visible with disclosing solution

what is tartar
What is Tartar?
  • AKA ‘Calculus’
  • When plaque continues to sit on a tooth surface, it will mineralize (harden) and form Tartar
  • Brushing and Flossing alone cannot remove tartar. Your Dental Hygienist will need to manually remove this build up with his/her metal instruments.
  • If tartar is not removed, new plaque will continue to stick to it and force the tartar to go underneath the gums and form pockets in between the gum and your tooth.
  • Plaque and Tartar will fill these pockets and if not removed, the teeth and supporting bone will be destroyed!!

Do you know what Tartar looks like?


Tartar Pictures

Let’s talk about how Plaque & Tartar can affect our Oral Health!

what is a cavity
What is a Cavity?
  • A small soft spot or hole in your tooth
  • Bacteria make acid which eat away at your tooth enamel
  • A cavity is not always painful at first and can go undetected. If you do not visit a dentist on a 6 month basis, this unfilled cavity can become painful and a root canal may be needed.
  • If a cavity goes untreated for too long, it can lead to mouth infections, tooth loss, and bone loss.

Cavity Pictures


Did you know that cavities are 5 TIMES more common than asthma in children?

gum disease
Gum Disease

A disease/ infection of your gums and the

bone that hold your teeth in place

Some signs are:

  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Gums that bleed when you brush and floss your teeth
  • Teeth that are loose
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste (caused by the infection)
  • Pus around the teeth and gums

Gum Disease

  • Gingivitis is a gum disease that can be reversed with daily brushing & flossing. Although once bone loss is present- you now have Periodontal Disease.
  • If plaque and tartar are not removed, they will produce toxins which will not only eat away at your teeth, but also at the bone around your teeth.
  • You cannot rebuild the bone around your teeth so it is important to not lose it in the first place!
  • Smoking also increases your risk for periodontal disease

Do you know someone with Periodontal Disease?

  • Research shows that periodontal disease can pass through saliva. Let’s ask ourselves… a young infant has a parent with periodontal disease, the parent is preparing the baby food and ‘tests’ to see if the food is hot by placing the spoon on his/her mouth.
  • Is the child at risk for Periodontal Disease?
  • Yes! The parent has passed the bacteria & toxins from their mouth onto the spoon, which will go into the babies mouth! YUCK!
mouth body connection
Mouth/Body Connection

Gum Disease can kill more than your smile!!

The bacteria from your infected mouth is getting into your bloodstream and traveling all over your body. This leads to an increased risk for serious health problems such as:

  • Heart Disease (leads to Heart attacks)
  • Diabetes
  • Stroke
  • Respiratory (lung) problems
  • Pre-term babies (7-8 times more likely!)

why do we brush
Why do we Brush?
  • To remove plaque and disrupt it’s formation
  • Clean teeth of food, debris and stain
  • Stimulate gum tissue
  • Apply toothpaste to address issues such as cavities, gum disease and even tooth sensitivity
  • Breath freshening
when should tooth brushing start
When should Tooth brushing Start?
  • As soon as the FIRST tooth erupts!
  • Infants and Toddlers can suffer from ‘Baby Bottle Tooth Decay’ if care-givers do not take care of their teeth right away
  • Start by using a finger brush and move on to an age appropriate toothbrush
  • Use Fluoride free toothpaste until the child does not swallow the toothpaste and he/she is able to spit out any excess

WHEN should Tooth brushing Start?

  • Do not allow children to fall asleep with liquids other than water. The acid & sugar will sit on the child’s teeth as they sleep
  • Limit amount of sugary drinks and food daily

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay


how often do we brush
How Often Do We Brush?

For 2 Minutes EACH time!!


Let’s Brush!!

What do we need?

Fluoride Toothpaste

SOFT bristle toothbrush

First, add a ribbon of toothpaste onto your toothbrush…



Angle your toothbrush into your tooth/gum junction. Apply gentle pressure so the bristles slide under your gum line.Do not push too hard, you can cause tissue damage!

Move the toothbrush over the entire surface of 2-3 teeth at a time in small circular motions. Remember to allow overlap as your move to the next tooth.

Tilt the toothbrush vertically to brush the back of your front teeth. Repeat for both your top teeth and bottom.Toothbrushing

Build a routine so you do not forget to brush all surfaces of your teeth, including your biting surfaces!

Also, brush your tongue! This helps eliminate bacteria that could cause bad breath.toothbrushing

Rule of Thumb #1 Brush 2 times a day for 2 minutes each time!

Rule of Thumb #2 Replace your soft bristle toothbrush every 3 months

tear off a piece about 12 14 inches long
Tear off a piece about 12-14 inches long


Wrap one end of the floss around one of your fingers, either the middle of index. Whichever is more comfortable for you.

Wrap the loose end around a finger on the opposite hand and hold the floss tightly between your finger and your thumb


Gently insert the floss between your teeth. Be careful not to snap it because it will damage your gums


With the floss, form a ‘C’ shape to hug the sides of your tooth. Make sure you go below the gum line. Move the floss up and down along one side. To clean the other side, bring the floss up and over your gum and repeat.


be sure to floss all of your teeth it is important to floss behind all back teeth as well
Be sure to floss all of your teeth! It is important to floss behind all back teeth as well.


Rule of Thumb Floss once a day!


Flossing misconceptions

  • One cannot perform proper flossing when rushing through the procedure of removing plaque. It should take at least 2-3 minutes when flossing.
  • Not placing dental floss carefully under the gum line, the area where plaque accumulation occurs most, will not be as effective in the prevention of dental decay and periodontal disease.
  • Many people do not floss because their gums will bleed. This bleeding is due to inflammation because plaque and bacteria are stuck underneath the gum line. The bleeding will subside and eventually stop with adequate daily flossing after just a few weeks.
what should you expect at a dental hygiene appointment
What should you expect at a Dental hygiene Appointment?
  • X-rays
  • Oral Exam
    • Cancer screening
  • Start the cleaning (aka prophy)
    • Probing
    • Scaling
    • Polishing
    • Flossing
  • Dentist will check for cavities
  • Fluoride treatment if needed
  • Cleaning every 6 months

Come to the IPFW Dental Clinic!

effects of smoking smokeless tobacco
Effects of Smoking & smokeless tobacco

The most serious destructive effects of the oral cavity are Oral Cancer and Periodontal Problems

oral cancers
Oral Cancers
  • A sore in or around your mouth that will not heal, tenderness and/or a burning sensation
  • A leathery, wrinkled or bumpy patch inside your mouth
  • Color changes (pink = healthy)
  • Difficulty chewing, swallowing, speaking or moving your tongue
  • Any change in the way your teeth fit together

tobacco use periodontal problems
Tobacco Use: Periodontal Problems
  • Decrease in response to surgical and nonsurgical treatment (Ex: implant failure)
  • Increase risk for:
      • Tooth mobility
      • Bone loss
      • Recession
      • Gingivitis/Periodontitis
other dental factors related to tobacco use
Other Dental Factors Related to Tobacco Use
  • Halitosis (bad breath)
  • Dental Stains
  • Orthodontic Appliance Stains
  • Discoloration of fillings
  • Impacted taste/smell
want to quit using tobacco
Want to Quit Using Tobacco??

There is NO better time to QUIT than NOW!

  • Call 1-800- QUIT-NOW for support
  • Try patches & gum
  • Visit
  • Talk with your Dental Hygienest
  • Ask Family & Friends for support
  • Nutrition, diet, and oral health are all closely related.
  • It is important to choose foods and beverages low in added sugars.

Check out for helpful nutritional facts and resources

cavities in a can
Cavities in a Can
  • Drinks and Pop contain a large amount of Sugar which is double trouble for teeth
  • It's not just sugar that's bad for teeth, but the acids included in many popular drinks are said to "eat" away enamel and make teeth more prone to cavities
  • Try to limit yourself to ONE or LESS Pop/Energy drink a day
  • Drink through a straw to help eliminate the contact with teeth
  • Do not sip on a drink! The sugar and acids sit on your
  • teeth for 20 minutes after EACH sip!
  • Drink Water instead!

‘Mountain Dew Mouth’

  • What is it?
    • An ADA (American Dental Association) approved artificial sweetener added to some chewing gum
  • Why is it important?
    • It inhibits cavity production, therefore we feel it is important to purchase gum that is ADA approved and contains XYLITOL
how to lower your risk for cavities
How to lower your risk for cavities
  • Cut down on the frequency of between-meal sweets.
  • Don’t sip constantly on a sweetened beverage. When you are done drinking your energy drink/pop, rinse your mouth with some water. This will help by rinsing the acid off of your teeth
  • Avoid using slowly dissolving items (Ex. Hard candy, cough drops, etc.)
  • Eat more non-decay promoting foods such as: low-fat cheese, raw vegetables, crunchy fruits, nuts, popcorn)
sports related injuries
Sports Related Injuries

If a tooth has been knocked out:

  • Locate the tooth being careful not to touch the root surface. Gently rinse off the tooth with saline (contact lens solution).
  • If possible, put the tooth back into the socket. If this is not possible, the next best option is to tuck the tooth in between the gum and cheek.
  • Place the tooth in a small amount of cold, fresh milk or saliva.
  • Call your dentist or go to an emergency room immediately.

Most importantly, if someone loses consciousness or if there is a lot of bleeding, call for emergency help!

sports related injuries1
Sports Related Injuries

If the tooth has been broken off:

  • Do not keep the tooth in your mouth
  • Contact your dentist immediately
prevention of dental injuries
Prevention of Dental Injuries
  • Wear a mouth guard during contact sports
  • You can buy mouth guards at a sporting goods store but it is best to have your dentist make one that is a custom fit for your mouth
  • Who is eligible:
    • Anyone who wants to whiten their smile
    • Heavy smokers or tea/pop drinkers
    • Not recommended for people with braces, pregnant women (consult your doctor), periodontal disease patients and patients with crowns, veneers, bonding or other special conditions
    • Whitening products will only whiten your natural teeth
whitening methods
Whitening Methods
  • Whitening Strips
  • Whitening Toothpaste
  • Whitening Trays made by your dentist
  • In-Office Whitening
prevention maintenance
Prevention & maintenance
  • To keep teeth white before or after a whitening treatment:
    • Avoid dark beverages and foods
    • Avoid smoking and using tobacco products
    • Practice good oral hygiene
careers in dentistry dentist
careers in dentistryDentist
  • What can you do to prepare to become a dentist?
    • While in high school, take math and science courses, job shadow your own dentist, join the American Student Dental Association (ASDA).
    • While in college, talk with your advisors about pre-dentistry. They help you decide which classes to take, when to take the Dental Admissions Test (DAT), and when to apply to dental school.


careers in dentistryDental hygienist

  • What you can expect to do:
    • Patient screening procedures
    • Taking and developing x-rays
    • Removing tartar and plaque from teeth
    • Applying preventive materials to the teeth
    • Teaching patients appropriate oral hygiene
    • Making impressions of patients’ teeth for models
    • Perform documentation and office management activities

careers in dentistry dental assistant
careers in dentistryDental assistant
  • What you can expect to do:
    • Assisting the dentist during a variety of procedures
    • Taking and developing x-rays
    • Preparing and sterilizing instruments
    • Helping patients feel comfortable
    • Taking impressions of patients’ teeth for models
    • Performing office management tasks

careers in dentistry dental laboratory technician
careers in dentistryDental laboratory technician
  • What you can expect to do:
    • Dental lab techs work directly with dentists by following detailed written instruction and using impressions of the patient’s teeth to create
      • Full dentures
      • Removable partial dentures or fixed bridges
      • Crowns, veneers and orthodontic appliances

ten great reasons to consider dentistry
Ten Great Reasons to Consider Dentistry
  • Service to OthersHelp people maintain and improve their oral health, quality of life and appearance.
  • Balanced LifestyleDentistry offers flexibility to balance professional and personal life
  • Empower Your Patients Give patients smiles they are proud to wear
  • Technology and Research Be involved with the scientific advancement of dentistry
  • Be a Leader Earn respect from your family, friends and community

ten great reasons to consider dentistry1
Ten Great Reasons to Consider Dentistry
  • Prevention/Education Be an educator on the importance of oral health
  • Detect Disease Treat oral health and detect disease – including cancer and cardiovascular
  • Be Creative Use your artistic and scientific talents
  • Success Potential With the aging population and increase in access to care, the demand and need for dentistry is on the rise
  • Self-Employment Own a dental practice and be your own boss