Fermentation. Fermentation. Anaerobic : Creates ATP without oxygen Two Types 1) Lactic Acid fermentation: ATP created without oxygen Performed by animals 2) Alcoholic fermentation Performed by yeast. Lactic Acid Fermentation. How to relieve sore muscles: Massage Bananas Stretch after
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Fermentation • Anaerobic: Creates ATP without oxygen • Two Types • 1) Lactic Acid fermentation: ATP created without oxygen • Performed by animals • 2) Alcoholic fermentation • Performed by yeast
Lactic Acid Fermentation • How to relieve sore muscles: • Massage • Bananas • Stretch after • Hydrate • Only performed when muscles are lacking oxygen • During Glycolysis • Glucose broken into fragments to release 2ATP • During Lactic Acid fermentation • Molecules to restart glycolysis created • No ATP made • Lactic acid waste created (causes sore muscles) • The point? Allows muscles to restart glycolysis
Aerobic Respiration Where? In the mitochondria Steps? Kreb’s cycle and electron transport chain What happens? Glucose fragments are converted into 34 ATPs With oxygen present Glycolysis: -- In the cytoplasm -- Glucose is split into 2 ATPs If oxygen is lacking • Lactic Acid fermentation • Where? In the cytoplasm • What happens? • Glucose fragments are broken into lactic acid • Molecules to restart glycolysis created • No ATP created Glycolysis restarts
Alcoholic Fermentation • Performed by microorganisms (yeast) • During Glycolysis • Glucose broken into fragments to release 2ATP • During Alcoholic fermentation • Molecules to restart glycolysis created • No ATP made • Alcohol and CO2 waste created • The point? Allows yeast to restart glycolysis
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Kobe Kuiz • Name the two types of fermentation. • How much ATP does glycolysis create? • How much ATP does fermentation create? • Which molecule is needed to start glycolysis? • A buildup of which molecule causes sore muscles? • Which waste molecules are created by alcoholic fermentation?