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All Quiet on the Western Front. Honors English 10 Tenth Grade Mrs. Hugus. -Erich Maria Remarque. The Author. Erich Maria Remarque (1898-1970) Drafted into German Army in 1916 Wounded five times in combat After war – teacher, stonecutter and editor of sports magazine

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all quiet on the western front

All Quiet on the Western Front

Honors English 10

Tenth Grade

Mrs. Hugus

-Erich Maria Remarque

the author
The Author

Erich Maria Remarque (1898-1970)

  • Drafted into German Army in 1916
  • Wounded five times in combat
  • After war – teacher, stonecutter and editor of sports magazine
  • Suffered from depression, wrote to cure it
  • Book published in 1929 – novel sold more than one million copies in Germany alone
  • Translated into 23 languages
  • Nominated for a Nobel Prize in Literature
all quiet on the western front1
All Quiet on the Western Front
  • This book is to be neither an accusation nor a confession, and least of all an adventure, for death is not an adventure to those who stand face to face with it. It will try simply to tell of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped shells, were destroyed by the war.

-Erich Maria Remarque

reasons for the war
Reasons for the War
  • Territory Conflicts
  • Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary
  • Nationalism

War was declared on July 28, 1914

countries involved
Countries Involved
  • Triple Alliance – Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria
  • The Ottoman Empire
  • Triple Entente Powers – Russia, France, Italy, Japan, Belgium and England
  • The United States joined the Triple Entente Powers after the sinking of the Lusitania in 1917.

Map Room: Europe at War

facts
Facts
  • Greatest and Most Expensive War

at that time

  • 65 Million Men Fought
  • 8 Million Died
  • 126,ooo American Deaths
  • First war to use gas, machine guns and airplanes

Map - Losses in World War One

trench warfare
Trench Warfare
  • Men dug trenches on either side of the “Front Line”
  • They surrounded the trenches with barbed wire and fought from within
the war
The War

War Room BBC - History - Western Front animation

the characters
The Characters

On the threshold of life, they faced an abyss of death...

TheSoldiers in Second Company

  • Paul Baumer – 19 year old soldier; the protagonist
  • Albert Kropp – the best thinker in the group
  • Mueller – a studious soldier
  • Leer – a ladies’ man
  • Franz Kemmerich – Paul’s childhood friend
  • Haie Westhus – a large man; a peat-digger
  • Detering – a nature lover; a farmer
  • Tjaden – a skinny soldier; a lock-smith
  • Stanislaus Katczinsky – the leader of the group; very resourceful
  • Himmelstoss – the drillmaster
  • Kantorek – the teacher
vocabulary
Vocabulary

lorry – truck dust up – fight

skat – German card game morphia – morphine

clink –jail barrage - attack

esprit de corps – group spirit

tommy – British soldier

automata – like a robot

aller – French verb “to go”

camerade – French for friend

gendarmes – military policemen

apoplexy – stroke; severe hemorrhage

final thoughts
Final Thoughts

Web Sites to Enjoy

  • The Great War - Interactive Timeline
  • All Quiet Web Quest
  • Propaganda Posters
  • The First World War
  • A Photo Essay