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National Conference on Agriculture for Rabi Campaign 2005-06 By: Mr.S.K.Gurung Principal Director Agriculture Government Of Sikkim. 1. FUND RECEIVED FROM CENTRAL GOVERNMENT , ITS UTILISATION. A. MACROMANAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURE.
A. MACROMANAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Fund received 2005-2006 - 511.00 Lakhs
Unspent balance as on 1.4.05 - 29.05 Lakhs
Expenditure till 31.8.05 - 300.70 Lakhs
B.C.S.S. NATIONAL PROJECT ON ORGANIC FARMING
it is being utilized for the conversion of two Government Farms into
Organic and Capacity building programme.
The State of Sikkim , at present has no proposal for additional funds for the year 2005-06
The total area coverage by high yielding varieties in different cereal crops was 26.69 thousand hectare during 2004-05. while it was 20.31 thousand hectare during 2003-04.
The area coverage by improved variety was 5.65 thousand hectare.
The certified / TL seeds distributed to the farmers from outside source were about 309.79 tonnes.The certified seed production in the Government Farm was 10.77 tonnes of rice. 10.00 tonnes of wheat and 8.00 tonnes of maize. while in" the farmers' field it is 12.00 tonnes. 5.00 tonnes and 31.50 tonnes. respectively.
As a component of Seed Certification Programme one modern Seed-Processing Unit of 20 tonnes capacity with cold storage facility was commissioned at Majitar, having all the facilities required for seed processing.
The fertilizer consumption was about 131.56 tonnes in the year 2003-04 and 133.30 tonnes during 2004-05. Per hectare consumption was about 1.22 kg in terms of nutrients.
The organic manure production in the farmers' field through EM Technology was about 4496.80 tonnes and Bokashi was 363 tonnes during the reporting year.
During 2005 - 2006 , fourteen numbers of farmers’ Field school have organized by
Predators are produced in the State IPM Laboratory and released in the fields to control the insect pests as and when required.
Pathologist amongst Agriculture officials and farmers
Distribution of IPM Kits to the farmers.
Farmers are aware of the fertility status of their field and are comparing the change being seen with the use of the organic sources of nutrients.
One Bio-fertilizer production unit is being established at Majitar, which is being funded by NSC.
Use of High Yielding Varieties of seeds
Agriculture in the State of Sikkim is entirely rain-fed with no assured irrigation, hence poly pipes are being distributed to the desired farmers for irrigating at the critical stage of crops.
Zero tillage equipments have been introduced to reduce the land preparation time.
Roof Water Harvesting has been introduced in the water scarce pockets for irrigating the crops.
Increasing the seed replacement ratio by HYV.
Seed replacement ratio :
Wheat 26.38% 35%
Mustard 17.59% 50%
Rice 1437.00 1466.00
Wheat 1409.41 1437.00
Maize 1554.50 1585.00
Finger Millet 860.24 867.00
Barley 1227.64 1235.00
Buck Wheat 771.14 776.00
Urd 743.39 751.32
Other Pulses 1218.43 1228.66
Repseed & Mustard 700.00 713.00
Soybean 825.19 835.00
Under Vermi-composting programme, we have proposed to construct 50 nos .of Vermi culture units in 50 villages and in each village one unit will be constructed for the production of earth worm and vermi -compost Besides Vermi-culture programme we have also proposed to construct vermi-compost units in the 50 identified villages @ 20 farmers / village. Farmers will be provided subsidy grant and earthworms under this programme. From each vermi compost unit we can produce approximately 2 tons of vermi compost / year
V E R M I C O M P O S T I N G :
Concrete structure with roof constructed for rearing of earthworms.
VERMI CULTURE UNIT IN SOUTH SIKKIM
Formulation of FPE & EM solution by farmers to be used in the future as Insecticides
Biggest compost heap prepared by the farmers
Bokashi preparation by the farmers
Department has initiated the work of converting 100 villages into Bio-village by adopting this technology selecting 30 farmers in each villages, MOU has been signed with Maple Orgtech, Dehradun. The project is for the period of three years. Beside this the Department is working in saturation of this village by adopting rest of the farmers of these 100 villages during this year.
“Farmers preparing “Bokashi”
Programme for construction of Compost pit cum urine pit Under this programme it is proposed to construct 2500 nos. of compost cum urine pit in the farmers field during this current financial year Size of each compost will be 12X6X4 ft. with partition in the centre and size of urine pit is 3X3X3 ft. Subsidy in terms of cash and kind will be provided to the farmers.
Department is encouraging the farmer for the production of rural compost in massive scale by providing the assistance to the farmers. A new technology of making urine pit has been introduced which is being popularised.
Compost Pit with GCI sheet roofing in farmer’s field
Construction of Urine Pits in the farmer’s field in Chewribotay Khani Khola Watershed- East District.
The various activities taken up under ATMA:
We have already identified a land for the establishment of quarantine lab.
Provision of Rain Water Harvesting Structures and poly-pipes on a larger scale could encourage the farmers to grow more crops and thus help them economically.
Use of high yielding varieties of seeds and other quality inputs