Cotton and Slavery What was life like for a slave? How does the difference economies between the North and South lead to Civil War?. Compromise of 1820 Missouri Compromise. Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a non-slave state at the same time
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Cotton and Slavery What was life like for a slave? How does the difference economies between the North and South lead to Civil War?
Compromise of 1820 Missouri Compromise • Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a non-slave state at the same time • Kept the same balance of free states in the nation would remain equal. • Also prohibited slavery above the 36º 30´ latitude line in the remainder of the Louisiana Territory.
What about the new land we got from Mexico? What would the new territory be if we went by this?
The Cotton Gin • The invention of cotton gin in 1793 made cotton profitable. • Thereafter, cotton and slavery began to expand - from the Atlantic Coast to Texas.
Cotton Production in the South, 1820–1860 Cotton production expanded westward between 1820 and 1860 into Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and western Tennessee.
Cotton Production In 1800, the U.S. produced 73,000 bales of cotton. By 1820, cotton accounted for 39% of all American exports. By 1840, cotton accounted for 52% of U.S. exports. By 1860, cotton accounted for 58% of all American exports and 75% of the world’s entire supply of cotton. Who do tariffs hurt the most?
Cotton Exports as a Percentage of All U.S. Exports, 1800–1860 After 1800, cotton rapidly emerged as the country’s most important export crop and quickly became the key to American prosperity.
Between 1820-1860, cotton fueled the entire American market economy! Southern planters sold the cotton and used the income to purchase supplies from the West and goods and services from the North. Northern factories made money by turning raw cotton into cloth and northern merchants profited from shipping the cotton and reshipping the finished textiles. Slavery provided the labor for this American market economy; thus, slavery was a NATIONAL institution that spread its influence throughout the entire nation!
Because slave labor produced the cotton, increasing exports strengthened the slave system itself.
Slave Population, 1820–1860 Slavery spread southwestward from the upper South and the eastern seaboard following the spread of cotton cultivation.
In 1820, cotton production and slavery was concentrated in the upper south. By 1860, cotton production and slavery had spread to the lower south. From the 1840s forward, cotton production made the southern economy stronger and wealthier than the northern economy.
What is slave life like?-lets read Francis Fredric What did the slaves do that was wrong? How did the master respond? What did other slave owners think the punishment do? Moses Roper How did he punish his slaves? What would it be liked to be tied to the opposite sex all week?
What would life be like? Let’s examine some pictures.
Slave Codes Slave Codes: to keep slaves from either running away or rebelling & it’s a code for their way of life Let’s read some codes Why did you think they made some of them laws
Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South: Nat Turner, 1831
Work Cited http://cutcaster.com/print/100429414-Black-Strict-Leather-Flogging-Whip/