Chinese-English Bilingual Teaching For Logistics & Supply Chain Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

stephanie-hebert
chinese english bilingual teaching for logistics supply chain management n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chinese-English Bilingual Teaching For Logistics & Supply Chain Management PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chinese-English Bilingual Teaching For Logistics & Supply Chain Management

play fullscreen
1 / 25
Download Presentation
Chinese-English Bilingual Teaching For Logistics & Supply Chain Management
150 Views
Download Presentation

Chinese-English Bilingual Teaching For Logistics & Supply Chain Management

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Chinese-English Bilingual Teaching ForLogistics & Supply Chain Management Chapter 6. Warehouse Management 姜 阵 剑 jzj@sdjzu.edu.cn Business School, SDJU

  2. Ch.6 Warehouse Management • Purpose of Warehouse • Warehouse Management • Warehouse Costs • Warehouses and Stores Processes Business School, SDJU

  3. Warehouses are viewed as a temporary place to store inventory • At this channel of distribution the warehouse became a support unit for numerous retail outlets . • Progressive warehousing and integrated retailers developed mechanical and computerised systems. • Efficient warehousing now offered a method of reducing storage and handling costs. Business School, SDJU

  4. 企业对“库存”的认识大致可分为两类 • 从成本控制的角度看 • 从生产作业的角度看 • “库存”在英语里也有两种表达方式: 1.Inventory指以支持生产、维护、操作和客户服务为目的而存储的各种物料,包括原材料、半成品和成品等; 2.Stock即为存货、积压。 Business School, SDJU

  5. Inventory和Stock的分界点 • 两者都有库存之意,但STOCK偏向于指采购进来的原材料库存;而INVENTORY指生产出来的半成品或成品的积压库存! • inventory 会计专业用语中的“存货”。 保持适当的库存量对任何企业都是必须的,也是区分Inventory和Stock的分水岭。 Business School, SDJU

  6. 1. purpose of warehouse • Warehouses and distribution centres have a primary aim, which is to facilitate the movement of goods from suppliers to customers, meeting demand in a timely manner. • In order to achieve this efficiently they may have to hold stock, but this is not their main role. • It may be that inventory is held for contingencies or to give a rapid customer service or in preparation of a new product launch. Business School, SDJU

  7. 1. purpose of warehouse • Some valid reasons for holding stock include the following: • As a buffer • To cover demand during suppliers’ lead time • To enable savings to be made through bulk purchases or discounts; • To cope with seasonal fluctuations; • To provide a variety of product. Business School, SDJU

  8. 1. purpose of warehouse • Logistics managers should view a warehouse as a temporary place to tranship goods to customers. • Increasing customer service levels, combined with pressures to reduce inventory and costs, and time compression. • The warehouse is a vital link in the supply chain. Business School, SDJU

  9. 2. warehouse management • Crucial issues in distribution may involve the following: • Number, type and location of warehouses; • Types of vehicles used for trucking and delivery; • LICT systems, particularly for order capture, warehouse and stock management and transportation control. Business School, SDJU

  10. 2. warehouse management • Oracle Order Capture设计用于提供一个公共的模块,用于创建并更新报价单与订单。Order capture设计用于轻松地同第三方和原有定购系统集成。它为企业提供了一个持续的、无缝的定购过程。能使客户最终体验到一种一致的超级体验。它的其他功能涉及使用一个产品配制器,计算复杂的运货与定价指令,保存报价和实时处理信息。 Business School, SDJU

  11. 2. warehouse management • EDI,JIT and LICT, management have the flexibility to react to market change, and these systems will apply up to the minute information on stock availability, locations, lead time and dispatch. • In this environment, management should consider carefully whether there is any need to hold stock or to maintain warehouses at all. Business School, SDJU

  12. 3. warehouse costs • Warehouse running costs vary widely depending on the nature of their operations. • The Freight Transportation Association (FTA货运联合会/协会 ,UK) publishes guidelines in which it emphasises the variants of costs. Business School, SDJU

  13. 3. warehouse costs • The main costs are as follows: • Staffing; • Building services, maintenance and facilities management; • Warehouse equipment, including maintenance of materials handling equipment and of vehicles. Business School, SDJU

  14. 3. warehouse costs • The application of LICT to warehousing : • Stock demand and forecasting; • Stock pallet location, space utilization; • Stock visibility; • Vehicle utilization/asset tracking. Business School, SDJU

  15. 3. warehouse costs • LICT may reduce staffing levels, and may enable the consolidation of warehouses with the resultant reduction of overheads. • Material handling equipment and order-picking systems, although initially costly, will have long-term cost benefits. Business School, SDJU

  16. 4.warehouses and stores processes • The functions of a warehouse are as follows: • Receipts • Storage • Packaging • Dispatch • Housekeeping • Stocktaking Business School, SDJU

  17. WMS 仓库管理系统 • The evolution of warehouse management systems (WMS) is very similar to that of many other software solutions. • MRP • MRPII • ERP Business School, SDJU

  18. WMS 仓库管理系统 WMS,仓储在企业的整个供应链中起着至关重要的作用,如果不能保证正确的进货和库存控制及发货,将会导致管理费用的增加,服务质量难以得到保证,从而影响企业的竞争力。 传统简单、静态的仓储管理已无法保证企业各种资源的高效利用。 Business School, SDJU

  19. 用友ERP-U8 • 用友ERP-U8 是用友软件2001 推出的成熟ERP 产品. Business School, SDJU

  20. OracleWarehouseManagement Business School, SDJU

  21. Inbound 入库/开往内地的 Outbound 出库/开往外地的 Internal Processing What is Warehousing • Purchases • Customer Returns • Transfers • Outside Processing • Customer Shipments • Vendor Returns • Transfers • Outside Processing • Pick • Pack • Inspection • Count • Assembly • Storage • Move • Replenish Inbound / outbound management Business School, SDJU

  22. VariableDemand Just-in-TimeDelivery Order Fragmentation Global Demand Global Promising Increased Velocity SKU Proliferation Mass Customization Inventory Reduction Labor Reduction IncreasedComplexity Lowest Total Cost Warehousing Drivers Internal Inbound Outbound Processing SKU:最小存货单位/库存量单位 Stock Keeping Unit Business School, SDJU

  23. Warehousing Opportunity • Warehouse Labor Hours 10-30% • Inventory Write-offs 5-10% • Total Inventory 5% • Shipping Errors 80-100% • Management Time 50% • Inventory Counting Hours 80-100% 销帐, 帐面价值的削减 Sources: Lilly, Intermec, eSync, and Tompkins Business School, SDJU

  24. Q & A !

  25. Exercises 教材 P84 Business School, SDJU