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Creating A Government Unit Exam Review Power Point

Creating A Government Unit Exam Review Power Point

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Creating A Government Unit Exam Review Power Point

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  1. Creating A GovernmentUnit Exam Review Power Point

  2. Terms and Qualifications for Office

  3. House of Representatives • 435 members • Term - 2 years term / entire body up for re – election every 2 years • Qualifications – 25 years old, 7 years a citizen and a resident of the state

  4. Senate • 100 members • Term – 6 years / 1/3 of body elected every 2 years • Qualifications – 30 years old, 9 years a citizen and a resident of the state

  5. President • Term – 4 years / 2 terms • Qualifications – 35 years old and born in the United States

  6. Supreme Court • 9 members • Term - Life

  7. Vocabulary

  8. Republic • A nation in which the voters elect representatives to govern them

  9. Federalism • The sharing of powers between the state and national governments

  10. Separation of Powers • Each branch of the government has its own powers – clearly described in the Constitution • Each branch of the government has its own duties and responsibilities

  11. Electoral College • The system of electors chosen from each state to choose the President. • Responsible for choosing the President and Vice - President

  12. Checks and Balances • Each branch of the Federal Government has some way to check, or control, the other two branches • Examples – President vetoes a bill, Congress overrides his veto, Supreme Court declares a law unconstitutional, President appoints a Supreme Court Justice and the Senate ratifies the appointment

  13. Bill • A proposed law

  14. Override • Overruling a President’s veto • Takes a 2/3’s majority in both houses of Congress

  15. Veto • Rejecting a bill

  16. Impeach • Bringing charges against a President or Supreme Court Justice

  17. Amend • To make changes in the Constitution • 2/3’s of Congress to propose and ¾’s of the states to approve • Constitution has 27 of them

  18. Due Process • Government must follow the same rules in all cases brought to trial • Trial by jury, right to be defended by a lawyer, right to a speedy trial

  19. Shared or Concurrent Powers • The national government has certain powers, the state governments have certain powers and there are powers shared by both

  20. Law • Bill that is signed by the President

  21. Legislative Branch • Makes the laws • Made up of the Congress – the House of Representatives and the Senate

  22. Executive Branch • Enforces the laws • President is the head of this branch

  23. Judicial Branch • Interprets the laws • Made up of the Supreme Court and other Federal Courts

  24. Census • Counting the population ever 10 years • Began in 1790 • Determines a state’s representation in the House of Representatives

  25. Bill of Rights • Lists the freedoms the government has to protect • First 10 amendments to the Constitution – ratified in 1791

  26. Ratify • To pass or accept • 9 of the 13 states had to do this for the Constitution to go into effect

  27. Federalist • A person who was in favor of the Constitution

  28. Antifederalist • A person who was opposed to the Constitution

  29. Constitution • A document that sets out the laws and principles of a government • “Recipe for Government” • Spells out the rights of the citizens • Limits the power of government

  30. Economic Depression • A period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall and unemployment rises • Led to Shays’ Rebellion in 1786

  31. Who Am I?

  32. James Madison • Virginia • “Father of the Constitution” • Co – author of the Virginia Plan • One of the authors of the Federalist Papers

  33. George Washington • Virginia • President of the Constitutional Convention • First President elected under the new Constitution

  34. John Adams • Massachusetts • Was not at the Constitutional Convention because he was our Minister to England • First Vice-President elected under the new Constitution

  35. Benjamin Franklin • Pennsylvania • Oldest delegate at the Constitutional Convention

  36. William Paterson • New Jersey • Author of the New Jersey Plan

  37. Roger Sherman • Connecticut • Author of the Great Compromise

  38. Alexander Hamilton • New York • Only New York delegate to stay at the Constitutional Convention • One of the authors of the Federalist Papers

  39. John Jay • New York • One of the authors of the Federalist Papers

  40. Edmund Randolph • Virginia • Co – author of the Virginia Plan