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Tackling Gangs Action Programme DCC Jon Murphy European Serious Organised Crime Conference 4 th - 6th March 2008. 1. TGAP aim.

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slide1

Tackling Gangs Action ProgrammeDCC Jon MurphyEuropean Serious Organised Crime Conference4th - 6th March 2008

1

tgap aim
TGAP aim
  • “To build on existing work to reduce serious violence, particularly the use of firearms, perpetrated by young people as part of gang-related activity, initially in four target cities but ultimately across the whole of England and Wales”
slide3

What is the problem? the national scope

  • The number of recorded offences involving firearms decreased by 13 per cent last year and is the lowest number recorded since 2000/01(excludes air weapons).
  • 1% of violent incidents in 2006/07 used firearms (BCS).
  • Firearms were used in 59 homicides in 2006/07, compared to 49 recorded in 2005/06.
  • The proportion of homicides involving firearms (i.e. shootings) has remained at orbelow 12% since 1998/99.
slide4

What is the problem? the regional perspective

  • 57% of all non air-weapon firearm offences, and the majority of firearm homicides, have taken place in the Metropolitan, Greater Manchester and West Midlands police areas.
  • Proportionally, London, Manchester, West Midlands and Merseyside have the four highest recorded offences per 100,000 of the population (06/07 data)
  • These four areas are well above the average for England and Wales.
slide5

Pyramid of risk for gangs – Who is the problem

The movement between

Levels is fluid, with

individuals capable of

moving up and down

the pyramid

Serious criminal

Serious criminal

¨

¨

activity

activity

e.g. drug

e.g. drug

trade

trade

Recruitment

Recruitment

criminality

Escalation of violence/

Informal

Informal

social control

social control

Organised

crime

n

Age: >25

Carry and

Carry and

¨

¨

use weapons for

use weapons for

protection and robbery

protection and robbery

Street gangs

Escalated levels of

Escalated levels of

¨

¨

violence

violence

Age: 15 - 25

Some level

Some level

¨

¨

of organisation

of organisation

structure

structure

Peer groups

Low level disorder

Low level disorder

¨

¨

Age: 10 - 14

Peer groups

n

Alcohol and

Alcohol and

¨

¨

drunkenness

drunkenness

Anti

Anti

-

-

social behaviour

social behaviour

¨

¨

Source:

Source:

Adapted from Simon Hallsworth, Department of Applied Social Science, London

Metropolitan University; A Strategic Response to Violent Gangs

slide6

What is the problem? Young people, gangs and guns

Two per cent of school children said they had carried a firearm, this proportion rose to 7% for excluded young peopleaged 11 to 16. (2004 Mori Youth Survey)

25% ofoffenders charged with gun-enabled crimes in 2005/06 were aged 17 and under. (MPS data)

  • Gang members are far more likely to possess weapons and guns than those who are not: 59% of current gang members have ever possessed a gun, compared to 21% of non-gang members. (Home Office survey of arrestees)

Half of recently convicted firearm offendershad been in gangs. (Home Officeinterviews)

Offender

When you have got a gun you feel that you are the man and no one can touch you. A gun makes you feel powerful… if you carry a gun you must be able to use it.

…the younger youths will use it any old time these days, they are just letting off shots for fun, you get me? But the older heads now will only use them when they need to use them…

Offender

slide7

Firearms: From supply to use

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Trigger point

Armourers

Entry

Upstream procurement

Impact

Area

Level 2 supply

Point of entry

Beyond UK

  • FCO
  • SOCA
  • Security Services
  • Home Office
  • HMRC
  • Local authorities
  • Mediation services
  • Housing
  • CJS / LGJB
  • Faith
  • Health
  • Social Services
  • Community leaders
  • Education
  • Policing
  • CDRP
  • GOs
  • Employment
  • SOCA
  • Cross-Force Collaboration
  • Regional Intelligence Units
  • Matrix / Trident / X-Calibre / BRGP
  • HMRC
  • SOCA
  • BIA

Covert Operations

National Levers

slide8

Guns and Gangs - The Challenge

Community Factors

e.g. low employment

Lack of sustainable

funding

Availability of Guns

and Ammunition

Individual Factors

e.g. drug use

Lack of partnership

working/information

sharing

Factors that contribute to the use of guns by young people as part of gang culture

Lack of appropriate

alternatives

Family Factors

e.g. family

breakdown

Limited evidence

base

Reluctance to

give the authorities

Information

Inadequate risk

management

procedures

slide9

Key Issues

Practical Guide

Policy Recommendations

Firearms

Supply

Associated

Glamour

Disruption

& Alternatives

Partnership

Working

Evidential

Basis

Supporting

Witnesses

Sustainable

Funding

Risk

Management

Community

Confidence

slide10

What does success look like?

Our deliverables will help us…

Create a shared understanding about what works and better connectivity between different agencies

Create better national policies and strategies

Impact on targeted areas

Short term

Medium term

Long term

Focusing on areas in London, Liverpool, Manchester and Birmingham,a reduction in serious violence, particularly involving the use of firearms, perpetrated by young people as part of gang-related activity