chapter 7 part 2 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 7: Part 2 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 7: Part 2

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 47

Chapter 7: Part 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 139 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 7: Part 2. Hellenistic Age. 1. Terminology. What does “Hellenistic” mean? Hellade = Greece “Hellenistic ” refers to a culture predominantly but not totally Greek.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 7: Part 2' - stella


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 7 part 2

Chapter 7: Part 2

Hellenistic Age

1 terminology
1. Terminology
  • What does “Hellenistic” mean?
  • Hellade= Greece
  • “Hellenistic” refers to a culture predominantly but not totally Greek.
  • The term refers to the expansion of Greek civilization to the East and to the resulting mixture of Greek culture with other influences.
2 historical overview
2. Historical Overview
  • Aegean Civilizations (ancestors of the Greeks)

Minoan 3000-1100 BCE

Mycenaean 1900-1100 BCE

  • Stages of Greek Civilization:

Archaic Period 6th century

Classical Period 5th-4th century

Hellenistic Period late 4th c. - 2nd c.

(323 BCE-146 BCE)

2 historical overview1
2. Historical Overview
  • The Hellenistic period is the time between the death of Alexander the Great (323 BCE) and the Roman conquest of Greece (146 BCE)
3 alexander the great
3. Alexander the Great

Who was Alexander the Great?

a) an Athenian general

b) a Macedonian king

c) a Persian monarch

What are his achievements?

3 alexander the great1
3. Alexander the Great
  • Son and heir to Phillip II of Macedonia
  • Phillip II had subjected the cities of Greece to Macedonian rule.
3 alexander the great2
3. Alexander the Great
  • Alexander started a campaign against the Persians.

Battle of Issus against the Persian King Darius, 333 BCE

3 alexander the great3
3. Alexander the Great
  • He traveled as far as the Indus Valley conquering cities and founding new ones
4 alexander s empire
4. Alexander’s empire
  • When Alexander died his empire was divided between his lieutenants (Macedonian noblemen):
    • Antigonus: Macedonia/Greece
    • Seleucus: Asia Minor/ Persia
    • Ptolemy: Egypt
5 hellenistic society
5. Hellenistic society
  • Nationalistic or cosmopolitan?
  • Urban or rural?
  • Based on trade or agriculture?
  • Democracies or a monarchies?
  • What language(s) did they speak?
5 hellenistic society1
5. Hellenistic society

Cosmopolitan and eclectic:

  • A mixture of different cultures (Greeks, Macedonians, Egyptians, Hebrews, Persians, Arabs…) linked by trade.
  • Not a national culture.
  • Cult to the ruler unifies a population of different ethnic background.
5 classical greek vs hellenistic society
5. Classical Greek vs. Hellenistic society

During the Classical period…

  • were Athens or Sparta cosmopolitan?
  • how were foreigners treated in Athens or Sparta?
  • who was the most important deity of Athens?
  • was Athens ever as large as Alexandria?
  • what was characteristic of the Athenian government?
5 hellenistic society2
5. Hellenistic society
  • Urban:

Large metropolitan centers: Alexandria and Pergamum

5 hellenistic society3
5. Hellenistic society

Government:

  • Ruled by (divinized) monarchs.
  • No democracy.
5 hellenistic society4
5. Hellenistic society

Language:

  • A form of colloquial Greek called Koine was spoken throughout the Hellenistic world.
6 alexandria
6. Alexandria
  • Founded by Alexander the Great.
  • Population of about 1,000,000
  • Ruled by the Ptolemies
  • Cultural center
6 alexandria1
6. Alexandria
  • Library
  • Museum (university)
  • Theater
  • Lighthouse
  • Public gardens
  • Tomb of Alexander
7 pergamum1
7. Pergamum

Altar of Zeus at Pergamum, 170 BCE.

9 sculpture
9. Sculpture
  • Motifs and purpose in Classical Greece?
  • Realism or idealism?
  • Way to represent the gods?
  • Emotions?
  • Individualism?
  • Social types?
9 sculpture1
9. Sculpture

In Classical Greece:

  • Study of the perfect representation of the human body
  • Subjects: gods (religious), idealized humans.
  • No individual traits, no emotion.
9 4 th century sculpture
9. 4th century sculpture
  • Praxiteles (370-330 BCE)
    • Praxitelian curve
    • First female nude: Aphrodite of Cnidus
    • Sensuality
9 4 th century sculpture1
9. 4th century sculpture
  • Lysippus (4th cent)
    • Sculptor of Alexander
    • Psychological portrayal: emotion
    • Theatrical effects:

light and shade

10 hellenistic sculpture1
10. Hellenistic Sculpture
  • Emotion (pathos)
  • Agitated movement
10 hellenistic sculpture3
10. Hellenistic Sculpture
  • Sympathy (human compassion)
  • Different ethnic and social groups
10 hellenistic sculpture4
10. Hellenistic Sculpture

Jockey, 2nd c. BCE Old market woman ,2nd c BCE

10 hellenistic sculpture5
10. Hellenistic Sculpture
  • Different age groups
  • Realism
  • Special interest in children
10 hellenistic sculpture6
10. Hellenistic Sculpture

Aphrodite, Eros and Pan, 100 BCE Barberini Faun, 200 BCE

10 hellenistic sculpture7
10. Hellenistic Sculpture
  • Eroticism
  • Irreverent representation of the gods
10 hellenistic sculpture8
10. Hellenistic Sculpture

Nike of Samothrace, 190 BCE

10 hellenistic sculpture9
10. Hellenistic Sculpture
  • Theatrical effects
10 hellenistic sculpture10
10. Hellenistic Sculpture
  • Emotion (pathos)
  • Agitated movement
  • Sympathy (human compassion)
  • Different ethnic and social groups
  • Different age groups (Special interest in children)
  • Realism
  • Eroticism
  • Irreverent representation of the gods
  • Theatrical effects
10 classical period vs hellenistic period
10. Classical period vs. Hellenistic period
  • Parthenon in Athens
  • Altar of Pergamum
10 religion
10. Religion

Mystery cults:

  • Dionysus
  • Orpheus
  • Isis
  • Serapis
  • Mithras
  • Cybele
10 religion1
10. Religion

Greek religion in the Archaic/ Classical Period:

  • Features of the gods?
  • Are the gods dreadful?
  • Are there national/ civic deities?
  • Individual/ collective cults?
  • Dogmatic or ritualistic?
  • Are the religious practices for everybody?
  • Afterlife?
10 religion2
10. Religion

In the Classical period:

  • Gods behave like humans (immoral)
  • Fear of the gods: need of prosperity
  • Religion of the poleis, collective.
  • Myths of foundation: ancestors
  • Civic rituals bringing the citizens together
10 religion3
10. Religion

Mystery cults:

  • “Mystery”: secrets revealed only to the initiates.
  • Initiation was mandatory (requiring a ritual).
  • A dogma to be believed and directions to be followed.
  • Belief in the immortality of the human soul.
  • Purity/ immortality of the soul contrasts with sin/degradation of the mortal body.
  • Sense of virtue and sin and reward and punishment in an afterlife.
  • Various concepts of immortality: transmigration of souls, rebirth, reincarnation, resurrection, and redemption.
review the hellenistic world
Review: the Hellenistic world
  • Hellenistic?
  • Nationalistic or cosmopolitan?
  • Urban or rural?
  • Based on trade or agriculture?
  • Government?
  • Language?
  • Urbanism?
  • Sculpture?
review the hellenistic world1
Review: the Hellenistic world
  • Religion: Mystery cults
    • Are they civic deities?
    • Individual (sectarian) or collective (public) cults?
    • Dogmatic or ritualistic?
    • Afterlife?
    • Beliefs about soul?