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A MODEL FOR DENTAL CARE IN A SCHOOL BASED PROGRAM

A MODEL FOR DENTAL CARE IN A SCHOOL BASED PROGRAM

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A MODEL FOR DENTAL CARE IN A SCHOOL BASED PROGRAM

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  1. A MODEL FOR DENTAL CAREIN A SCHOOL BASED PROGRAM CHEMAWA INDIAN HEALTH CENTER DENTAL PROGRAM Beth Finnson, RDH, MPH

  2. Oral Health in America • A Report of the Surgeon General • David Satcher, MD, 2003 • Silent epidemic affecting… • Poor children • Elderly • Racial and ethnic minority groups

  3. World Health Organization “Dental…disease is not eradicated, but only controlled…”

  4. Dental Caries • Chronic childhood disease • 51 million school hours lost yearly • 164 million work hours lost yearly • 16,000 school hours lost yearly in Oregon

  5. Oral Health and General Health • Optimal oral health provides… • Speaking • Smiling • Chewing • Tasting • Swallowing

  6. Oral Health and Learning • Early tooth loss results in… • Failure to thrive • Impaired speech development • Malocclusion • Reduced self esteem

  7. Oral Health and Learning • Chronic Dental Pain causes… • Anxiety • Fatigue • Irritability • Depression • Inability to concentrate • Poor nutrition

  8. OUR MISSION… • To raise the physical, mental, social, and spiritual health of American Indians and Alaska Natives to the highest level.

  9. OUR GOAL… • To assure that comprehensive, culturally acceptable personal and public health services are available and accessible to American Indian and Alaska Native People.

  10. OUR FOUNDATION… • To uphold the Federal Government’s obligation to promote health American Indian and Alaska Native people, communities, and cultures and to honor and protect the inherent sovereign rights of Tribes.

  11. IHS/Tribal Healthcare Systems • 48 hospitals • 280 health centers • 147 health stations • 34 urban health projects • 9 residential treatment centers • 176 Alaska village clinics

  12. Chemawa Indian Health Center

  13. Indian Health Disparities • 55% AI/AN rely only on IHS healthcare • Reduced life expectancy • Higher infant mortality rate • Safe/adequate water supplies • Waste disposal facilities

  14. Indian Population • 1997-1999 Current Population Survey • Larger families • Less health insurance • Lower household median income • Lower educational levels • Higher unemployment rates • Young population

  15. Service Population Trends • 65% population increase (1990-2006) • Increase in life expectancy (64-73) • Federal recognition for more tribes • 56% urban • 44% reservation or rural areas • Inadequate IHS budget

  16. Indian Health Service • Mobile Dental Van

  17. Challenges in IHS Dental Programs • 2,800 patients per IHS dentist • 1,500 patients per U.S. dentist • $50 average IHS expenditure per patient • $300 average U.S. per patient • 25% dental access for Indian people

  18. Oral Disease Trends • 76% pre-school children with caries • 68% adolescent children with caries • Increased access for sealants • 63% 8 year-olds with at least 1 sealant

  19. Chemawa Indian School Forest Grove

  20. Chemawa Indian School Indian Boys

  21. Chemawa Indian School Salem, OR

  22. Chemawa Indian School Totem Pole

  23. Chemawa Health Center • Comprehensive health care facility Medical Pharmacy Dental Public Health Optometry Behavioral Health Lab School Nursing Radiology Podiatry Registration/Billing/Coding

  24. Chemawa’s Model for A Dental SBHC Program • Collaboration • School staff • Health facility staff • Dental students • Dental hygiene students • Volunteers

  25. Model for Dental SBHC • Screen process • Document, document, document… • Prioritize • Preventive care • Clinical care • Specialty care • Evaluation

  26. Documentation • Name Hygiene care • Chart Sealants • Home state Retention Rates • Screen date Extractions • Exam date Root canals • Number of caries PTC • Urgent needs Drop

  27. Screen Results 2007-2008 • 462 students, aged 14-19 • 349 screened • 99% have had dental caries • 82% with untreated decay • 15% reported oral pain

  28. Treatment Results 2007-2008 • 51% complete exams • 9% extractions • 99% oral hygiene education & cleaning • 85% received 498 dental sealants • 47% completed treatment

  29. 387 students, aged 14-19 387 screened 97% have had dental caries 73% with untreated decay (1395 carious teeth) 14% reported oral pain Screen Results 2008-2009

  30. Receipt of Preventive Services by Low Income Children 1996 2000 2010 Target = 57% Note: Data are for children under 19 years. Low income is less than 200% of poverty level. Preventive services include examinations, cleaning, x-rays, fluoride treatments and sealant applications. Source: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, AHRQ. Obj. 21-12

  31. Unreliable estimate, relative standard error >30%. Dental Sealants: 1988-94 and 1999-2000 1988-94 1988-94 1999-2000 1999-2000 Percent 2010 Targets Total White Black Mexican American Total White Black Mexican American 6-11 Years 12-18 Years Note: Targets are for children 8 years and 14 years. Black and white exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Persons of Mexican-American origin may be any race. Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NCHS, CDC. Obj. 21-8

  32. Dental Sealants

  33. Adolescents 12-18 Years Who Ever Had Caries in Permanent Teeth, 1988-94 and 1999-2000 Percent 1999-2000 2010 Target 1988-94 Female Male Total White Black Mexican American Note: Target is for adolescents 15 years old. Black and white exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Persons of Mexican-American origin may be any race. Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, NCHS, CDC. Obj. 21-1c

  34. Oregon Smile Survey 2007 • 3,865 1st,2nd & 3rd graders • Oregon ranks 25/32 states • Disease disparities • Geographic • Poverty • Dental insurance • Race/ethnicity

  35. Oregon Smile Survey 2007 • 64% of children have had dental caries • 20% of children with rampant decay (7+) • 35% of children with untreated decay • 25% with no dental insurance • 9% with no dental home • 20% need urgent care due to pain/infection • 43% with dental sealants

  36. Oregon Smile Survey • Recommendations • Community water fluoridation • Early-childhood cavities prevention • School based fluoride supplement program • School based dental sealant programs

  37. Oregon Dental Association Oregon Dental Hygienists’ Association Dental Foundation of Oregon Tooth Taxi Medical Teams International Mobile Dental Van Boys and Girls Club Resources

  38. Resources • Oregon Smile Survey • Burden of Disease in Oregon • Oral Health Data Book • King Fluoride • Dental Sealants Protect Oregon Teeth: A Guide… • http://www.oregon.gov/DHS/ph/oralhealth

  39. Tooth Taxi

  40. Questions ? • Beth Finnson, RDH, MPH • Chemawa Indian Health Center • 3750 Chemawa RD NE • Salem, OR 97305 • 503-304-7631 • beth.finnson@ihs.gov