ETI 321 READING AND WRITING SCIENTIFIC TEXTS. Last week we. Listened to your research procedure, Saw whether you applied MLA style or not in your bibliography, Talked about hypothesis, Talked about sampling techniques and basic statistics
what is literature review?
what is relevant in your literature review chapter,
how to keep track of your readings,
organizing the relevant literature,
A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment (sometimes in the form of an annotated bibliography—see the bottom of the next page), but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis. In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are. As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e.g., your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis). It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries.
Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g. dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work. The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic.
Besides enlarging your knowledge about the topic, writing a literature review lets you gain and demonstrate skills in two areas
be organized around and related directly to the thesis or research question you are developing
synthesize results into a summary of what is and is not known
identify areas of controversy in the literature
formulate questions that need further research
A literature review is a piece of discursive prose, not a list describing or summarizing one piece of literature after another. It's usually a bad sign to see every paragraph beginning with the name of a researcher. Instead, organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory. You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question
similarly, in addition, also, again
however, on the other hand, conversely, nevertheless
As outlined above...
As we saw in section 1.3...
Before proceeding further...
At this point, let us summarize the main steps of the argument so far...
On the other hand, consider now a rather different interpretation...
Toury (1995: 134) describes this as...
In a later paper, however, Herman argues (1999) that...
In Laviosa (1998) the evidence discussed is ...
Several authors have made this point (see e.g. Gile 1995, Gillham 2000a, Yin 1994).
Snell-Hornby (1989: 45-69) suggests that...
Yet, there remain a number of problems with this approach. (See further Catford 1965, Nida 1964, and especially Hatim 2001)
Hempel (1952, as cited in Toury 1995: 9) claims that...
This is presumably what Baker is implying when she argues (1995: 13) that “....”
Keep It Short and Simple
You are supposed to write the literature review chapter of your research.