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Light Colours PowerPoint Presentation
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Light Colours

Light Colours

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Light Colours

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  1. Light Colours Turkeys

  2. Menoufiya University Fuculty of Agriculture Departement of Poultry Production

  3. Thesis of Requirements FOR The degree of Master of Science EFFECT OF LIGHT ON SOME PHESIOLOGICAL PARAMETERES IN TURKEY

  4. By Shymaa Mostafa Ibrahim Abou Saad(B.sc) Poultry Production Menoufiya University2003Assistant poultry production department

  5. Supervisors:Prof. Dr Mohamed E. SoltanProf. of Poultry Breeding Department of Poultry Production Vice Dean Faculty of AgricultureMenoufiya University Prof. Dr Mordy A .Kalamah Prof. of Poultry Physiology Department of Poultry ProductionُFaculty of AgricultureMenoufiya University Dr. Abd El-Monem A. El-FikyDr of poultry Physiology Department of Poultry Production Faculty of AgricultureMenoufiya University

  6. Prof.Dr. Ibrahim El-Wardany Prof. of Poultry Physiology Dep. of Poultry ProductionُFaculty of AgricultureAin Shams University Prof. Dr. Atef M.H . Abou-Ashour Prof. of Poultry Nutrition Dep. of Poultry ProductionFaculty of AgricultureMenoufiya University Approved by: Prof. Dr. Mohamed E. SoltanProf. of Poultry Breeding Dep. of PoultryProduction Vice Dean Faculty of AgricultureMenoufiya University Prof. Dr. Mordy A .Kalamah Prof. of Poultry Physiology Dep. of Poultry ProductionُFaculty of AgricultureMenoufiya University

  7. INTRODUCTION

  8. Light is one of the important factors affecting both broiler and egg production. Many studies investigated the effect of daily light/dark ratio intensity and sources of light at growing and laying period on the growth and egg production performance. Few studies were taken the light colors in consideration in light system, where it was through that the various monochromatic lights have obvious effects on the poultry production specially on broiler and egg production measurements.

  9. ♂ • This experiment was designed to investigate the effect of different light colors (Incandescent, Fluorescent, Infrared, and Ultraviolet light) on some physiological and productional parameters in White Holland females { } and males{ } turkeys ♂ ♀

  10. MATERIAL AND METHODS

  11. MATERIALS AND METHODSThe present work was conducted out at: Poultry Research Farm, Poultry Production Department,Faculty of Agriculture, Minuofiya University,Shibin El-Kom, Through 2004 - 2006.

  12. Number of birds exposed to different light colours was 72 birds divided into 4 groups as follows:

  13. Study traits 1• Body weight. 2• Growth rate. 3• Age at sexual maturity 4• Body weight at sexual maturity.

  14. Study traits 5• Blood constituents : •Liver functions: • Total protein • Albumin • Globulin • Albumin /Globulin ratio

  15. Study traits • (GOT) • (GPT) • (ALP) • Total lipids • Cholesterol • LH hormone • Calcium

  16. Study traits 6.Semen production and characteristics: .Semen volume. .Semen motility. .Semen PH . • Semen concentration. . Percentage of livesperms .

  17. Study traits 7 • Bone strength. 8 • Free radical. 9 • Egg Production: • Egg weight • Egg number • Egg mass

  18. Study traits 10 • Egg quality: •Egg weight . •Yolk weight . • Albumin weight . •Shell weight . • Breaking strength . •Shell thickness . • Haugh unit . •Albumin high . • Eggs shape index . •Yolk index .

  19. Study traits 11 • Fitness: • Fertility. • Hatchability.

  20. Study traits 12 • Carcass quality. •Carcass weight . •Liver weight . •Gizzard weight. •Spleen weight . •Testes weight . •Ovary weight . •Oviduct weight .

  21. RESULTS

  22. Incandescent Infrared =(IR) =(USL) Fluorescent Ultraviolet =(FL) =(UV) * Significant Differences (P<0.05) = Highly Significant Differences (P<0.01)= * * NS Not Significant= a,b,c = means with no common superscript in each raw were differ significantly .

  23. Effect of light colours on body weight * * NS NS ** **

  24. Effect of light colours on growth rate * * ** NS * NS

  25. Effect of light colours on body weight at sexual maturity b b a b a a

  26. Effect of light colours on age at sexual maturity * b b b a a a

  27. Blood constituents

  28. Effect of light colours on total protein * b b a a b a

  29. Effect of light colours on albumin

  30. Effect of light colours on globulin * b b a b a a

  31. Effect of light colours on (GOT) NS

  32. Effect of light colours on (GPT) NS

  33. Effect of light colours on (ALP) NS

  34. Effect of light colours on total lipids NS

  35. Effect of light colours on cholesterol NS

  36. Effect of light colours on LH hormone maturity ** * * a a b b b LH before sexual maturity LH after sexual maturity

  37. Effect of light colours on calcium ** sex * maturity ** * a b a b b a calcium before sexual maturity calcium after sexual maturity

  38. Semen characteristics

  39. Effect of light colours on semen volume NS

  40. Effect of light colours on semen PH * b a a a

  41. Effect of light colours on semen motility NS

  42. Effect of light colours on concentration of spermsx109 * b a b a b a

  43. Effect of light colours on percentage ofLive sperms * b b b a

  44. Bone strength Leg Shrank

  45. Effect of light colours on bone strength ♂ * * b a b a b a NS NS NS NS

  46. Free radical

  47. What is the Free radical ????

  48. If an atom or a molecule has one or more unpaired electron(s), it is called a FREE RADICAL

  49. What is the importance of Free radical ???

  50. When the free radical appears it convert the atoms or molecules from the stable state to unstable state to be available to interact with anther atoms (as: oxidation).