ancient greece n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Ancient Greece PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Ancient Greece

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 48

Ancient Greece - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 113 Views
  • Uploaded on

Ancient Greece. 8-1 Mountains and Seas. What to Know: How did geography influence the development of early civilizations in Greece? Vocabulary Peninsula : A stretch of ______ almost completely surrounded by water Isthmus : A small strip of land ________ larger land _____.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Ancient Greece' - stash


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
8 1 mountains and seas
8-1 Mountains and Seas
  • What to Know: How did geography influence the development of early civilizations in Greece?
  • Vocabulary
  • Peninsula: A stretch of ______ almost completely surrounded by water
  • Isthmus: A small strip of land ________ larger land _____
slide4

The Land of Greece

  • Located on the _______ Peninsula
  • Surrounded by Ionian, ___________, and Aegean Sea
  • Asia Minor now referred to as ______
  • An _________ connects the peninsula with southern peninsula
  • Southern area of peninsula is called the __________
  • ¾ is covered in _________
  • _______ is thin and rocky
  • Over 2,000 _______, largest is Crete
  • First ___________ were on islands, mainland, and coasts of North Africa, Italy, and Spain
slide6

Life Among Mountains

  • People settled in mountain ______
  • Kept people separate, not under one _____
  • Trade was _______ by land, ______ could not be used for transport because they would dry up
  • Land was difficult to _______
  • _______ sheep, goats, and pigs
  • Got wool, hides, and ______
  • Grew grapes, ______, wheat, and barley
  • Made ______ and olive oil
slide7

Life by the Seas

  • Many settled by _____ because of fish and travel
  • Became a ______ culture
  • ______ from harbor to harbor
  • Sea allowed ______ with other Greek settlements
  • Exchanged ideas and _______ beliefs
  • Sea was _________ in winter
  • ________ was god of the sea, showed anger through rough waters
  • Sea connected the ________ with other cultures
slide8

Exchange and Trade

  • Could produce food _______
  • Population ______
  • ________ jobs begins
  • Made ______ and olive oil
  • Greeks ________ wheat
  • _______ wine olive oil, pottery, and wood
  • ________ ideas with other cultures
  • Learned to make bronze from the ________
8 2 early civilization in greece
8-2 Early Civilization in Greece
  • What to know: How did people in the earliest civilizations of ancient Greece live?
  • Vocabulary
  • Peasant: A poor _______
  • Cultural Borrowing: The process by which a ______ takes ideas from other __________
slide10

Bard: A professional ________ who traveled from town to town, telling stories and singing songs about Greek ______, goddesses, and ________

  • Legend: A _________ handed down from earlier times that explains the past
  • Epic: A long ______
  • Myth: A story about how the actions of gods and goddesses affected the lives of ______
  • Mythology: A collection of _________ passed down from generation to generation
slide12

The Minoans

  • Minoans begin on the Island of _____
  • Named for legendary King ______
  • Greek Poet ______ described Crete as fertile and highly ________
  • 2000 B.C. Minoans build ______
  • Palaces were large and _______ like
  • The _______ was the center of government, religion, and _____ storage
  • Largest palace was at _________ in 1700 B.C.
  • It was three _______ and three stories high
slide15

Minoan Life

  • They enjoyed _______, dancing, and music
  • Men and women had long ______ and gold jewelry
  • The _____ was very important to them
  • ___________ with Egypt, Mesopotamia, and other early Greeks
  • They ________ pottery, olive oil, wine, and wool for copper, tin, and gold.
  • Had a system of _______, but we don’t understand it
  • 1100 B.C. Minoan culture _______
  • Earthquake, volcano, or ________ invasion may have led to end
slide17

The Mycenaeans

  • Named for the city of Mycenae on the _______
  • They were ________
  • Spoke an early form of Greek ________
  • Mycenaeans borrowed culture and ideas from _______
  • Borrowed sailing, ______, and art styles
  • 1450 B.C. Mycenaeans _________ Crete
  • Mycenaeans control _________ and Crete until 1100 B.C.
  • 1100 B.C. Mycenaeans _________ by Dorians and fighting themselves
slide19

Legends and Myths

  • Stories told by ______ were entertaining
  • Also _________ ideals, values, and beliefs
  • Some ________ may be based on actual events
  • 1200 B.C. Mycenaeans conquer _____ in Trojan War
  • 700 B.C. _______ writes two epics about Trojan War
  • _________ was story about Trojan war, Troy was actually attacked according to archeologists
  • __________ was story of Odysseus’ ten year return home from Trojan war
  • He fought a _________
slide21

Myths were an important part of Greek _________

  • _________ things in nature
  • Told of God’s ________
  • Each god had __________ of specific parts of life and nature
slide22

The Greek Dark Age

  • 1100 B.C. ______ age begins
  • Cities were ________ and trade stops
  • Mass ________
  • People return to simple ______ life
  • Writing, pottery, and bronze techniques are _______ or forgotten during Dark Age
  • Legends and myths _______
  • 750 B.C. the Dark Age begins to ______
8 3 greek city states
8-3 Greek City-States
  • What to Know: How did the governments of Greek city-states change over time?
  • Vocabulary
  • Polis: A ______ city-state that connected a city and the farms, towns, and villages around it.
  • Acropolis: A ________ built on top of a large hill
slide24

Agora: An open-air ______ where people gathered to trade and discuss the news of the day in ______ city-states

  • Oligarchy: ______ by few
  • Tyrant: A person who takes control of a _______ by force
  • Democracy: Rule by the _________
  • Commerce: Large-scale ________
slide27

The Rise of City-States

  • 750 B.C. ________ of Athens, Sparta, Argos, and Corinth
  • Greek city-states were called a _____
  • Polis is where we get the word _________
  • All people were free _______ unless parents were foreign
  • Philosopher _______ believed it was natural for people to live in city-states
  • Most ________ had 5,000 people; Corinth had 10,000, Athens may have had 20,000
slide28

Most city-states began on the base of hills with an ______ on the top

  • People would be _______ in the acropolis during attacks
  • Later the acropolis became a center of ______
  • The ______ was located outside the acropolis
  • Agora was center of government and ______
  • Mountains kept city-states _______
  • Natural barriers meant no central __________ of all city-states
slide29

New Ways of Governing

  • 750 B.C., groups of wealthy ________ rule city-states
  • Oligarchy
  • Controlled every part of _________: army, religion, economy, and laws
  • 600s B.C. individual oligarchs take power as ______
  • Tyrants, in the beginning had support of _______
  • Over time tyrants were seen as ______ leaders
  • 500 B.C. _______ over thrown
  • Some city-states, like Athens, move to ________
  • Only free males over 18 could _____ in Athens
slide30

Commerce and Colonies

  • 700 B.C. Greek city-states become part of _______
  • _________ grain, wood, olive oil, wine, pottery, and iron weapons and tools
  • Iron tools led to a food ______ and greater populations
  • City-states started ______ in search of more resources like iron
  • Colonies become ______ but maintain contact with original city-state through religion and trade
  • 500 B.C. Greek _______ in Europe, northern Africa, and Asia Minor
slide32

Greek Culture

  • Identified with _______
  • All city-states ________ religion, history, language, writing, culture, and athletics
  • 700s B.C. Greek _______ developed
  • Based on ____________ alphabet
  • __________ based on single sounds like our language
  • Recorded business, laws, and government with _______
  • Homer uses Greek _______ to write Iliad and Odyssey
slide34

Believed Zeus and the gods _______ daily life

  • Went to ________ to get advice
  • _________ was most famous Oracle
  • Was temple of _______
  • 776 B.C. ________ begin
  • Olympics included wrestling, javelin, discus, long jump, boxing, and ________
  • Winners crowned with ______ wreath
  • Lasted for _______ years
  • Would stop ________ to compete
slide36

A New Kind of Warfare

  • City-states often fought each other over _______despite common culture
  • Between 725 B.C. and 650 B.C. developed new organized _______ technique
  • All male _______ of a polis spent some time in the army
  • Your rank was determined by ________
  • Cavalry, ________ (foot soldiers), archers and stone throwers
  • Armor was 70 pounds of ________
  • Had to ______ for own weapons and armor
slide38

Had _______ formation

  • Would stand shoulder to shoulder to form _______ wall
  • Archers, chariots, and cavalry provided _______
  • During ________, wall formations would push up against each other
  • Method was used for _________ of years
8 4 sparta and athens
8-4 Sparta and Athens
  • What to know: How were Sparta and Athens alike, and how were they different?
  • Vocabulary
  • Helot: A person ________by Sparta who became a slave
  • Assembly: A _________group
slide40

Reform: A _____

  • Majority Rule: A system in which every _________has one vote, and in which the person or idea that receives the most _____is chosen
  • Fable: A short _______that uses animal characters to teach a lesson
  • League: A group of ______
slide41

Sparta’s Government

  • __________on Peloponnesus, but separated from other city-states
  • 600s B.C. most _________city-state
  • Used _______, state owned slaves, to do work
  • Helots outnumbered _______4 to 1
  • To prevent ________, Spartans trained in war
  • Had two __________during times of war
  • Had ___________in times of peace
  • Oligarchy was a group of 30 male of __________who were 60 years old or more
slide42

Spartan Life

  • Age 7 _______left home and trained in military barracks
  • _________combat, hardships, and to obey orders without question
  • At 18 began true ________training
  • Lived in ________until age 30
  • Served as _______until 60
  • __________trained physically
  • Had more _________than women in other city-states
  • Sparta had little ________with other city-states
  • Believed there was no greater ______than to die in battle
slide44

New Ideas in Athens

  • Because of _____, Athens had many trading partners
  • 620 B.C. _____wrote first Athenian laws, but were harsh
  • 600 B.C. _____reforms Athens, frees slaves, and makes laws more fair
  • Toward Democracy
  • Solon based rights on _____not birth
  • Could change ________class by the amount of land or money you have
slide45

All male _______were allowed to attend the assembly to make laws

  • Used _______Rule to pass laws
  • Had a council of _____that served 1 year terms
  • Members were selected at ______
  • Solon’s _______begin democracy in Athens
slide46

Life in Athens

  • _______was important
  • Children learned morals from ______written by Aesop
  • From 7-14 boys went to _______to study math, reading, writing, physical education, art, poetry, and music.
  • Past 14, wealthy children would have _______.
  • Most boys learned their father’s _______: blacksmith, potter, or carpenter
  • _______studied at home
  • Learned ________skills: cooking, sewing, and childcare
  • One third of Athenian population was _____
  • Many ________were educated and could be doctors and teachers
  • Women and slaves could not _____
slide48

Concerns About Persia

  • 539 B.C. King Cyrus II creates Persian Empire through ___________Mesopotamia and Babylon
  • Egypt is _______
  • Darius I makes the _____its largest
  • Darius I divides empire into ______
  • Built roads to link _______
  • Persia conquers some ______colonies
  • 500s B.C. _______creates Peloponnesian League
  • First purpose was to defend against ________
  • League is now for defending against _______