the fundamental attribution error l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The fundamental attribution error PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The fundamental attribution error

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 9

The fundamental attribution error - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 664 Views
  • Uploaded on

The fundamental attribution error. What is it Tendency to overestimate influence of dispositional factors when judging others Why you get it Selective exposure (again) Perceptual salience Different processes underlying attributions dispositional  automatic Situational  controlled .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The fundamental attribution error' - starbuck


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the fundamental attribution error
The fundamental attribution error
  • What is it
    • Tendency to overestimate influence of dispositional factors when judging others
  • Why you get it
    • Selective exposure (again)
    • Perceptual salience
    • Different processes underlying attributions
      • dispositional  automatic
      • Situational  controlled
two famous demonstrations
Two famous demonstrations
  • Jones and Harris (1967)
  • Ross, Amabile, and Steinmetz (1977)
the college bowl study ross amabile and steinmetz 1977
“The College-Bowl Study”(Ross, Amabile, and Steinmetz, 1977).

Quiz-master

Contestant

Observers contestants quiz-masters

PEOPLE DOING THE RATINGS

high intelligence

low intelligence

stages of social perception
Stages of social perception

Observe specific behavior

Identification (encoding)

Inferences about other traits

Inferences about the causes of behavior (attribution)

Automatic dispositional attribution

Controlled situational “correction”—but only if perceiver has ability and motivation

ideology and attribution
Ideology and attribution
  • Do conservatives and liberals tend to make different types of attributions? (e.g. Zucker & Weiner, 1993)
    • In some domains (e.g. perceptions of poverty) conservatives are significantly more likely to make dispositional attributions compared to liberals
  • Flattering vs. unflattering portraits of liberals and conservatives
    • The “bad conservative” framing
    • The “bad liberal” framing
belief in a just world lerner 1980
Belief in a just world (Lerner, 1980)
  • Good things happen to good people, bad things happen to bad people
  • Two ways of conceptualizing
    • Cultural belief system
    • Individual difference variable

low

high

belief in a just world and risk lambert burroughs nguyen 1999
Belief in a Just World and RiskLambert, Burroughs, & Nguyen, 1999
  • Belief in a just world
  • But we find only weakly related to perceived risk—WHY?
  • Buffering hypothesis!
    • Maybe just world beliefs “only matter” when world is viewed as “threatening” in the first place
    • Who sees world as threatening?
      • High RWA
slide9

Right-wing authoritarianism

Belief in a just world

World perceived as a dangerous, scary place?

Personal buffer against threat?

YES

NO

HIGH PERCEIVED RISK

YES

NO

LOW PERCEIVED RISK