The fundamental attribution error. What is it Tendency to overestimate influence of dispositional factors when judging others Why you get it Selective exposure (again) Perceptual salience Different processes underlying attributions dispositional ïƒ automatic Situational ïƒ controlled .
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Observers contestants quiz-masters
PEOPLE DOING THE RATINGS
Observe specific behavior
Inferences about other traits
Inferences about the causes of behavior (attribution)
Automatic dispositional attribution
Controlled situational “correction”—but only if perceiver has ability and motivation
Belief in a just world
World perceived as a dangerous, scary place?
Personal buffer against threat?
HIGH PERCEIVED RISK
LOW PERCEIVED RISK