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IN THE NAME OF GOD WHO GAVE ME THE POWER. THANK YOU LORD. Verbs. 1. The Present Continuous Tense. Show present time-now- with all verbs except these stative verbs: know hear appear taste understand like seem wish believe love smell own look

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1 the present continuous tense
1. The Present Continuous Tense
  • Show present time-now- with all verbs except these stative verbs:

know hear appear taste understand like

seem wish believe love smell own look

sound have need remember mean prefer want

1. Tom is talking on the phone right now.

2. It is raining outside.

● Express future time :

3. I am meeting a friend at nine.

4. we are going overseas this spring.

2 the simple present
2. The Simple Present

Is used :

● With the above stative verbs

5. I love you.

6. she remembers me.

● For the future with verbs such as “open/close” , “begin/end” , “ arrive/ leave” and expresses a fact.

7. the conference begins at eleven.

8. he arrives at 7 p.m. on Sunday.

● To express a habitual or everyday action.

9. we usually eat bread and cheese for breakfast.

● for something that existed in the past ,exists now, and will exist in the future.

10. Water freezes at zero degree centigrade.

3 the simple past tense
3. The Simple Past Tense

Is used :

● To show that an activity began and ended at a specific time in the past :

11. they went to concert last weekend.

12. I took an English test two days ago.

● To show that an action occurred over a period of time in the past:

12. I lived in new York for six years before she came here.

4 the past progressive continuous tense
4.The past progressive (continuous) tense

Is used:

● When an action in the past which had already started was interrupted by another action:

13. Tom was sleeping when the phone rang.

● When two actions in the past continued at the same time:

14. Cindy was watching T.V while Tom was sleeping.

● When an action was continuing at a particular time in the past:

15. Ron was studying a newspaper at ten last night.

16. I was sleeping at seven this morning.

5 the present perfect
5. The present perfect

Is used :

● To show that an action happened at an infinite time in the past:

17.We have seen that film.

18. She has taken the test.

● Peter has lived in Chicago for ten years. (he still lives there)

He has lived in France since 1990.

The adverbial time expressions “for” and “since” are used with the present perfect tense.

“for” is used for duration of time : for ten years ,

“since” is used with the beginning of the time period: since 1999

● When an action was repeated in the past or happened more than once in the past:

19. I have written three letters this week.

● With the adverbial time expressions “yet” and “already” which show that an action occurred or didn’t occur at an indefinite time in the past. “yet” in negative and question forms. “ already” between the auxiliary and the main verb.

● With other time expressions such as “up to now”, “often”, “as soon as” , “lately”, “recently” , “ever”, “never”, “so far” , “frequently”, “finally”.

20. I will call as soon as you have finished your homework.

6 the present perfect progressive
6. The present perfect progressive

Is used :

●To focus on the duration of an activity of an activity that began in the past and is still continuing in the present. It is used with time expressions such as “for”, “since”, “all day"," all week”.

21. I have been doing this exercise for twenty minutes.

● sometimes with the same meaning as the present perfect, and with some verbs such as “teach”, “live”, and “work”, either tense can be used:

22. She has been working with us since last May.

7 the past perfect
7. The past perfect

Is used:

● to show that an activity was completed before another activity or definite time in the past:

23. She had learned English before she came here.

● With “before” and “after” either the past perfect or simple past tense can be used.

8 the past perfect continuous
8. The past perfect continuous

Is similar to the past perfect but it is used to emphasize the duration of an activity that continued before another activity in the past:

24. He had been living in New York before he decided to move to Los Angeles.

25. Jane had been cleaning her house all morning before the guests arrived.

9 the simple future
9. The simple future

The two most common constructions for expressing the future are “will” , and “be going to” .

26. I will mail this letter tomorrow.

27. I am going to mail this letter tomorrow.

● “be going to” is used when we have a plan or an intention for the future ,and “will” is usually used when we want to express an action in the future without any premeditation or prior thought:

28. Richard is going to study engineering next year. (future plan)

29. I’ll get the pone. ( spontaneous action)

● in a sentence where there are two clauses of which one is a time clause beginning with “when”, “after”, “before”, “as soon as”, “until”, the future tense is not used in that clause:

30. After we finish the work ,we will watch television.

31. As soon as he comes ,I will give you a call.

10 the future progressive
10. The future progressive

Is used :

● to express an activity that will start at a future time and be in progress at a certain time in the future:

32. At this time tomorrow ,we will be taking the test.

33. He is going to be working on Sunday morning.

● When an action will take place at an indefinite time in the future . In this case the simple future form can also be used:

34. We’ll be seeing you there.

35. We’ll see you there.

11 the future perfect
11. The future perfect

Is used:

● to show a future action which will be finished before another action or time in the future. The time expressions “by………”, by that time”, “ by then”, “in a few minutes/hours/weeks…”,etc. are common with this form:

36. By the time you apply, you will have taken the TOEFL.

37. By twelve o’clock we will have arrived there.

12 the future perfect progressive
12. The future perfect progressive

Is similar to the future perfect and is used:

  • To focus on the duration of an activity that will be continuing before another activity or time in the future:

38. By the time we get home, I will have been driving for 4 hours.

39. By the time we take the test, we will have been taking English courses for 2 hours.

● with verbs like “ work”, “teach”, “live"," study” in place of the future perfect:

40. By the end of year, she will have been working here for twenty years.

Or

By the end of the year, she will have worked here for twenty years.

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