1. Russia mobilizes along the German border - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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1. Russia mobilizes along the German border
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1. Russia mobilizes along the German border

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  1. 1. Russia mobilizes along the German border • Germany declares war on Russia

  2. 2. Germany declares war on France • Britain declares war on Germany

  3. 3. The Allies defeat the Germans in the Battle of the Marne. • Allied victory proves to Germany that a long war lay ahead….. on two fronts

  4. 4. Machine Guns, tanks, poison gas, & airplanes are used in battles along the Western Front Germany France

  5. 4. Machine Guns, tanks, poison gas, & airplanes are used in battles along the Western Front • Western Front in France leads to the death of millions

  6. “Big Bertha” – 16.5 in. shell (1800 lbs) – 7.7 miles

  7. “Langer Max” - 15 in. shell - 29 miles

  8. “Paris Gun” – 9.4 in. (210 lbs) – 81 miles

  9. 5. Russian forces attack both Austria & Germany • Germany’s counterattack force Russian retreat out of East Prussia

  10. 6. The Allies are unable to ship war supplies to Russia’s ports • Russia is not industrialized • war effort is short of supplies & near collapse

  11. Schlieffen Plan • “End Run” by German Forces through Belgium into NE France.

  12. Trench Warfare • Located mainly in France along the “Western Front” • System of trenches designed to protect soldiers from enemy fire • Created “stale” battles fought over just yards of land

  13. No Man’s Land • The area between the trenches