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WORLD HERITAGE SITES. 2 Year Program Senior students 2-nd Semester Professor: Lyudmila Kudrevatykh. What is World Heritage Site?. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a site

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world heritage sites
  • 2 Year Program
  • Senior students
  • 2-nd Semester

Professor: Lyudmila Kudrevatykh

what is world heritage site
What is World Heritage Site?
  • A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a site

such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city that is on the list

  • A list of areas designated as being of global importance for conservation and study

UNESCO = United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

what is included in the world heritage list
What is included in the World Heritage List?

The World Heritage List includes 890 properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee (WHC) considers as having outstanding universal value.

  • 689 cultural
  • 176 natural
  • 25 mixed properties

in 148 States Parties that have ratified

the World Heritage Convention.

what is states parties
What is States Parties?

States Parties are countries which have adhered to the World Heritage Convention.

  • They agree to identify and nominate properties on their national territory to be considered for inscription on the World Heritage List.
  • They give details of how a property is protected and provide a management plan for its upkeep.
  • They are expected to protect the World Heritage values of the properties inscribed and are encouraged to report periodically on their condition.
world heritage committee
World Heritage Committee
  • The World Heritage Committee meets once a year,
  • It consists of representatives from 21 of the States Parties to the Convention elected by their General Assembly.
  • The 21 States Parties of the current World Heritage Committee are the following:

Australia, Bahrain, Barbados, Brazil,

Cambodia, China, Egypt, Estonia,

Ethiopia, France, Iraq, Jordan,

Mali, Mexico, Nigeria, Russian Federation,

South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand,

United Arab Emirates

world heritage committee functions
World Heritage Committee Functions:
  • is responsible for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention,
  • defines the use of the World Heritage Fund
  • allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.
  • has the final say on whether a property is inscribed on the World Heritage List.
  • can also defer its decision and request further information on properties from the States Parties.
  • examines reports on the state of conservation of inscribed properties
  • asks States Parties to take action when properties are not being properly managed.
  • also decides on the inscription or deletion of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
unesco world heritage list
UNESCO World Heritage List
  • UNESCO World Heritage Centre helps protect and preserve the world's greatest landmarks

unesco world heritage list cont
UNESCO World Heritage List (cont)
  • Afghanistan 2 Belarus 4 Cameroon 1 Cyprus 3
  • Albania 2 Belgium 10 Canada 15 Czech Republic 12
  • Algeria 7 Belize 1 Cape Verde 1 DR the Congo 5
  • Andorra 1 Benin 1 Central African Republic 1
  • Argentina 8 Bolivia 6 Chile 5 Denmark 4
  • Armenia 3 Bosnia and Herzegovina2 China 38 Dominica 1
  • Australia 17 Botswana 1 Colombia 6 Dominican Rpbl 1
  • Austria 8 Brazil 17 Costa Rica 3 Ecuador 4
  • Azerbaijan 2 Bulgaria 9 Côte d'Ivoire 3 Egypt 7
  • Bahrain 1 Burkina Faso 1 Croatia 7 El Salvador 1
  • Bangladesh 3 Cambodia 2 Cuba 9 Estonia 2
unesco world heritage list cont1
UNESCO World Heritage List (cont)

Ethiopia 8 Honduras 2 Kazakhstan 3 Mali 4

Finland 7 Hungary 8 Kenya 4 Malta 3

France 33 Iceland 2 Korea 10 Mauritania 2

Gabon 1 India 27 Kyrgyzstan 1 Mauritius 2

Gambia 2 Indonesia 7 Lao 2 Mexico 29

Georgia 3 Iran 10 Latvia 2 Moldova 1

Germany 33 Iraq 3 Lebanon 5 Mongolia 2

Ghana 2 Ireland 2 LibyanAJ 5 Montenegro 2

Greece 17 Israel 6 Lithuania 4 Morocco 8

Guatemala 3 Italy 44 Luxembourg 1 Mozambique 1

Guinea 1 Japan 14 Madagascar 3 Namibia 1

Haiti 1 Jerusalem 1 Malawi 2 Nepal 4

Holy See 2 Jordan 3 Malaysia 3 Netherlands 8

unesco world heritage list cont2
UNESCO World Heritage List (cont)

New Zealand 3 Portugal 13 South Africa 8

Nicaragua 1 Romania 7 Spain 41

Niger 1 Russian Federation 23 Sri Lanka7

Nigeria 2 Saint Kitts and Nevis 1 Sudan 1

Norway 7 Saint Lucia 1 Suriname 2

Oman 4 San Marino 1 Sweden 14

Pakistan 6 Saudi Arabia 1 Switzerland 10

Panama 5 Senegal 5 Syrian Arab Republic 5

Papua New Guinea1 Serbia 4 Tanzania, 7

Paraguay 1 Seychelles 2 Thailand 5

Peru 11 Slovakia 7 Rpbl of Macedonia 1

Philippines 5 Slovenia 1 Togo 1

Poland 13 Solomon Islands 1 Tunisia 8

unesco world heritage list cont3
UNESCO World Heritage List (cont)

Turkey 9 Zimbabwe 5

Turkmenistan 3

Uganda 3 Countries with major WHSs:

Ukraine 4 1. Italy 44

UK 29 2. Spain 41

USA 20 3. China 38

Uruguay 1 4. France 33

Uzbekistan 4 5. Germany 33

Vanuatu 1 6. Mexico 29

Venezuela 3 7. UK 28

Viet Nam 5 8. India 27

Yemen 4 9. Russia 23

Zambia 1 10. USA 20

a list of countries recommended for presentations
A list of countries recommended for presentations:
  • Italy 11. Japan
  • Spain 12. Canada
  • China 13. Greece
  • France 14. Brazil
  • Germany 15. Australia
  • Mexico 16. Austria
  • UK 17. New Zealand
  • India 18. Cambodia
  • Russia 19. Korea
  • USA 20. Sweden
power point arrangement tips
Power Point Arrangement Tips:
  • Don’t write entire presentation text on a slide
  • Don’t read from the slides
  • Present an outline
  • Choose 24 font size, sans-serif type (Arial)
  • Use contrasting colors
  • Choose white or light colored slide backgrounds
  • Include photographs, pictures, charts
  • Avoid video or make it really short
  • Don’t get too technical
  • Don’t apologize for errors – proofread!
  • Use the microphone
  • Summarize info
  • Send thanks
presentation methods presentation a period
Presentation Methods! presentation a period!

1. Presentation process[10 – 15 minutes]

  • Present a country – its location, size, population number, population density, etc.
  • Present a WHS – its location, description, story, historical and cultural roots, cultural connections (with famous artists, writers, scholars, composers, etc.)

2. Get feedback[5 – 10 minutes]

  • Ask questions on the subject of your presentation
  • Prepare crosswords, puzzles, quizzes
learning activities
Learning Activities

1. Individual work: (up to 15 minutes)

  • Listen to the presentation carefully
  • Make notes

2. Classroom activity: (up to 10 minutes)

  • Participate in feedback (answer the questions…)
  • Make your knowledge active

3. Group work: (up to 20 – 25 minutes)

  • Participate in a communicative game – discussion

“Going on a trip, visiting WHSs, talking to a travel agent about the agenda and the Sites”

  • Presenters will help with the details
course methods
Course Methods
  • Preview of a WHS
  • Listen to a presentation
  • Do feedback
  • Speak on communicative situations
  • Hand-in materials:
  • Individual home work
  • Classroom activity
  • Individual or pair-work in class
  • Pair- or group-work in class
  • Presentation papers
  • CDs
lesson plan
Lesson Plan

1. Course preview

2. World Heritage Sites in the following countries: Italy

3. WHSs: Italy (cont)

4. WHSs: Spain

5. WHSs: Spain (cont)

6. WHSs: China

7. WHSs: France

8. WHSs: Germany

9. Midterm

lesson plan cont
Lesson Plan (cont)

10. WHSs: UK

11. WHSs: India

12. WHSs: Russia

13. WHSs: USA

14. WHSs: Japan

15. WHSs: Canada

16. WHSs: Greece

17. WHSs: Australia

18. Final test

requirements and grading
Requirements and Grading

For Midterm and Final Tests the following is adjusted:

  • Attendance (presence in class) – 25%
  • Participation (classroom activity, homework, test papers) – 25%
  • Midterm test – 25%
  • Final test – 25%
moscow s kremlin
Moscow’s Kremlin
  • The fortified town
  • Built in 1147
  • A cultural center
  • The seat of the Russian


  • The historical, spiritual and political heart of Moscow
  • A self contained city with a multitude of palaces, armories, and churches
sites of the kremlin spasskaya savior s tower
Sites of the Kremlin: Spasskaya (Savior’s) Tower
  • Built in 1491; 67.3 meters tall
  • the Italian architect

Pietro Antonio Solario;

  • the main official

entrance to the Kremlin;

  • 1625, a clock was added

(Christopher Galloway,


  • blue face, silver stars, a full and crescent moon;
  • 17 Arabic numerals,

Old Church Slavonic letters, in gold

  • since1996, the clock has played the tune of the Russian national anthem.
sites of the kremlin vodozvodnaya tower
Sites of the Kremlin: Vodozvodnaya Tower
  • Corner Water Pump Tower
  • Built in 1488;
  • almost 59 meters tall;
  • the first tower in all of Moscow

to draw up water from the river and

to supply the Kremlin palaces and


cathedral of the assumption
Cathedral of the Assumption
  • oldest and most important church;
  • Built in 1326 by Ivan Kalita;
  • Replaced still older structures

(12th and 13th Centuries)

  • Russia's central church for

more than 400 years;

patriarch s palace
Patriarch's Palace
  • Built in 1640;
  • developed from

the Metropolitan's Estate

founded on the same site

in the early 14th century;

  • In 1589 the estate was turned into

the Patriarch's Court;

  • the first Patriarch of Moscow took up residence there;
the terem palace
The Terem Palace
  • constructed between 1499 and

1508 by the Italian architect

Alevisio Novi;

  • served as the Imperial residence

Until 1712 (St.Petersburg)

the tsar bell
The Tsar Bell
  • 6.14 meters in height,
  • 6.6 meters in diameter
  • weighs some 200 tons;
  • the largest bell in the world;
  • the first version (130 tons) – 1655;
  • fell to the ground;
  • shattered in the fire of 1701;
  • 1734 – 1735, a second larger bell built by Ivan Motorinand nearly 200 craftsmen;
  • 1737, a great fire in the Kremlin destroyed the Bell
the tsar cannon
the Tsar Cannon
  • aws cast in 1586 by

the foundry man Andrei Chokhov;

  • the largest canons ever made;
  • 5.34 meters long,
  • weighs an impressive 40 tons
  • has an incredible caliber of 890 mm
  • to defend the Kremlin's Savior Gate;

red square st basil s cathedral
Red Square: St. Basil's Cathedral
  • Built between 1555 and 1561;
  • By the architect Postnik Yakovlev,


  • to commemorate

Ivan the Terrible's military campaign

against the Tartar Mongols in 1552;

gum central department store
GUM – Central Department Store
  • Built between 1890 and 1893
  • by Alexander Pomerantsev
  • burnt down in 1825, restored;
  • The original hall contained

some 1,200 separate shops;

la grand place brussels belgium
La Grand-Place, Brussels, Belgium
  • Dating mainly from the late 17th century
  • The square measures 68 by 110 meters

(223 by 360 ft)

  • Every two years in August,

an enormous "flower carpet" is set up

in the Grand Place for a few days

  • A million colourful begonias are set up
  • The first flower carpet was made

in 1971

angkor cambodia
Angkor, Cambodia
  • Stretching over some 400 km2, including forested area,

Angkor Archaeological Park remains of the different capitals

of the Khmer Empire, from the 9th to the 15th C

Temple of Angkor Wat

acropolis athens greece
Acropolis, Athens, Greece
  • Acropolis means "highest city" in Greek.
  • For purposes of defense
  • became the nuclei of large cities
  • universal symbols of the

classical spirit

  • the greatest architectural

and artistic complex

acropolis athens greece1
Acropolis, Athens, Greece
  • the Parthenon temple
  • a temple of the Greek goddessAthena
  • considered the protector
  • construction began in 447 BC
  • completed in 438 BC
  • the most important surviving

building of Classical Greece,

olympia greece
Olympia, Greece
  • 10th century B.C.,
  • Olympia became a centre

for the worship of Zeus

  • the remains of all the sports

structures erected for

the Olympic Games

  • every four years

beginning in 776 B.C.

  • running events, boxing, wrestling, etc.Olympia-Zeus Temple
  • Coroebus, a cook from the city of Elis, was the first Olympic champion.

A national shrine of the Greeks

  • contained many treasures of Greek art: as temples, monuments, altars, theaters, statues
taj mahal agra india
Taj Mahal, Agra, India
  • a mausoleum located in Agra
  • built by MughalemperorShah Jahan between 1631 and

1648 in memory of his favorite wife

taj mahal agra india1
Taj Mahal, Agra, India
  • one of the eight wonders of the world
  • is built entirely of white marble
  • The Taj seems to glow in the light

of the full moon

  • On a foggy morning,

the Taj looks as if suspended

when viewed from across

the Jamuna river.

mountain railways of india
Mountain Railways of India
  • includes three railways
  • Opened in 1881
  • the latest technology of the time
  • are still fully operational
rome italy
Rome, Italy
  • Founded in 753 BC
  • first the centre of the Roman Empire
  • the capital of the Christian world in the 4th century

includes some of the major monuments of antiquity

rome italy1
Rome, Italy
  • the Romans took power over their own city

and ruled themselves.

  • then instead had a council

known as the ‘Senate’ –

  • the 'Roman Republic'
  • The Roman Republic was a very successful government.
  • It lasted from 510 BC until 23 BC
  • almost 500 years. Julius Caesar
  • Rome’s most famous general and politician
  • in Egypt he met the famous Cleopatra
  • was infamously murdered in the senate in Rome
  • a month of the year is still named after him - July
  • Shakespeare wrote a famous play called Julius Caesar about his famous murder
colosseum coliseum rome italy
Colosseum (Coliseum), Rome, Italy
  • The Coliseum, known as "Amphitheatre Flavio", built on the order of the Imperator Vespasiano in the honour of the grandiosity of his empire, was inaugurated by his son, Tito, in 80 A.D. with celebrations 100 days long
  • For the opening, the arena space was filled with water for one of the most fantastic events – real sea battles reproducing great battles of the past.
colosseum and gladiators
Colosseum and Gladiators
  • The gladiator fights were first introduced to Rome in 264 BC
  • the sons of Junius Brutus paid honor to their father's funeral by showing three pairs of gladiators fight.
  • This ritual caught on and was preformed to honor significant men.
  • As the years passed the ceremonies became more promoted and emperors began to present the games to symbolize their power.
  •   The games in Rome are known today

as the bloodiest exhibitions

of public entertainment

known to mankind.

coliseum rome italy
Coliseum, Rome, Italy
  • What we see nowadays is just the skeleton of what was the greatest arena in the ancient world.
  • Three-fifths of the outer surrounding brick wall are missing.
  • In the Middle Ages, when no longer in use, the Colosseum was transformed into an enormous marble,
  • lead and iron quarry used by Popes
  • to build Barberini Palace,
  • Piazza Venezia and even St. Peter's


the pantheon rome italy
The Pantheon, Rome, Italy
  • The original Pantheon was a rectangular temple built by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, son-in-law of Augustus, the first Roman emperor, as part of a district renewal plan in 27-25 BC.
  • Nowadays it is radically different than that original temple.
  • The portico in front of the Pantheon is what remains of Agrippa's original temple.
  • The Pantheon contains the tombs of Rafael and of several Italian Kings.
  • Pantheon

is a Greek word –

"to honor all Gods."

Self-portrait, Raphael

piazza del duomo pisa italy
Piazza del Duomo, Pisa, Italy
  • four masterpieces of medieval architecture
  • from the 11th to the 14th century
  • The Leaning Tower of Pisa - the freestanding

bell tower

  • has 296 or 294 steps
  • 3.9 metres (12 ft 10 in) from where it would stand

if the tower were perfectly vertical

pompeii italy
Pompeii, Italy
  • Pompeii was destroyed and completely buried

during a long catastrophic eruption of

the volcanoMount Vesuvius

spanning two days on August 24th, 79 AD

The volcano collapsed higher roof-lines and buried

Pompeii under 20 m (66 ft) of ash and pumice

Karl Brullov, The Last Day of Pompeii

city of verona italy
City of Verona, Italy
  • founded in the 1st century B.C.
  • preserved a remarkable number of

monuments from antiquity

  • Verona is the setting of the story of Romeo and Juliet.
hiroshima peace memorial japan
Hiroshima Peace Memorial, Japan
  • the first atomic bomb exploded on 6 August 1945
  • Genbaku Dome was the only structure left standing in the area
  • the nuclear bomb 'Little Boy' was dropped on Hiroshima by an American B-29 bomber, directly killing an estimated 80,000 people
  • By the end of the year, injury and radiation brought total casualties to 90,000-140,000
shrines and temples of nikko japan
Shrines and Temples of Nikko, Japan
  • together with their natural surroundings
  • have for centuries been a sacred site known for its architectural and decorative masterpieces
  • many famous hot springs (onsen) in the area
shiretoko japan
Shiretoko, Japan
  • It provides an outstanding example of the interaction of marine and terrestrial ecosystems as well as extraordinary ecosystem productivity
  • is globally important for threatened seabirds and migratory birds
  • a number of salmonid species, and for marine mammals
kakadu national park australia
Kakadu National Park, Australia
  • unique archaeological and ethnological reserve
  • has been inhabited continuously for more than 40,000 years
  • The cave paintings, rock carvings and archaeological sites record the skills and way of life of the region’s inhabitants, from the hunter-gatherers of prehistoric times to the Aboriginal people still living there
shark bay australia
Shark Bay, Australia
  • vast sea-grass beds, which are the largest (4,800 km2) and richest in the world
  • dugong (‘sea cow’) population
  • its stromatolites (colonies of algae which form hard,

dome-shaped deposits and are among the oldest

forms of life on earth

  • Shark Bay is also home to five species of

endangered mammals.

vienna austria
Vienna, Austria
  • developed from early Celtic and Roman settlements
  • a leading European music centre: Johann Strauss
  • rich in architectural ensembles
  • includes Baroque castles and gardens
  • home to a number of opera houses
salzburg austria
Salzburg, Austria
  • owes much of its Baroque appearance
  • Salzburg’s most famous son, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • the city was the setting for parts of the musical and film The Sound of Music
dinosaur provincial park canada
Dinosaur Provincial Park, Canada
  • contains about 35 species of dinosaur, dating back some 75 million years
  • more than 500 specimens have been removed and exhibited in museums across the globe
the great wall china
The Great Wall, China
  • In c. 220 B.C., under Qin Shi Huang, sections of earlier fortifications were joined together to form a united defense system against invasions from the north.
  • Construction continued up to the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), when the Great Wall became the world's largest military structure
  • the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches, stretches for 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi).
the forbidden city china
The Forbidden City, China
  • Seat of supreme power for over five centuries (1416-1911)
  • The Imperial Palace of the Qing Dynasty in Shenyang consists of 114 buildings constructed between 1625–26 and 1783
  • nearly 10,000 rooms contain furniture and works of art
  • It now houses the Palace Museum
banks of the seine paris
Banks of the Seine, Paris
  • 37 bridges over the River Seine just within Paris
  • The Notre Dame is one of the eldest monuments: it's construction dates from the 12th century.
  • there are the two major museums: the Louvre and the Gare d'Orsay
  • The Eiffel Tower , built for the 1897 world fair