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Sports Related Eating Disorders Suffer Immune System. By: Katelin Macken & Sara Seidman. Eating Disorders Defined. Illness that affects your everyday diet Teens and young adults Eat too little/ Over Eat Distorted Body Image, Depression, Anxiety, Lack of Control

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Sports related eating disorders suffer immune system

Sports Related Eating Disorders Suffer Immune System

By: Katelin Macken & Sara Seidman


Eating disorders defined
Eating Disorders Defined

  • Illness that affects your everyday diet

  • Teens and young adults

  • Eat too little/ Over Eat

    • Distorted Body Image, Depression, Anxiety, Lack of Control

    • Anorexia, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, Female Athlete Triad Syndrome

      • Mostly Women struggle

      • 33% male athletes


Sports related
Sports related

  • Anorexia

    • Fear of weight gain

    • Amenorrhea

    • Not willing to maintain healthy body weight

    • Extreme restricted dieting

    • Emaciation (extreme thinness)

  • Female Athlete Triad Syndrome

    • Disordered eating, Low bone mass, and Amenorrhea

    • Cross Country, Gymnastics, and Figure Skating

    • Energy deficiency

    • Pressure to be thin in sport


Affects
Affects

  • Affects on Body

    • Osteoporosis

    • Electrolyte Imbalance (fatigue, kidney damage, cardiac arrest/arrhythmia, death)

    • Cognitive Impairment

    • Severe Abdominal Pain

    • Dangerously low heart beat/ blood pressure


Bulimia nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa

  • Bulimia

    • Multiple episodes of eating unusually large amounts of food and feeling lack of control post episode.

    • Binge-eating follows forced vomiting, use of laxatives/diuretics, fasting, and/or excessive exercise

    • Maintain healthy/normal weight

    • Several times of week/day

  • Physical Affects

    • Inflamed/ sore throat

    • Swollen salivary glands in neck/jaw

    • Decrease in tooth enamel, decaying teeth from stomach acid

    • Gastrointestinal problems

    • Irritation from laxative abuse

    • Severe dehydration from purging

    • Electrolyte Imbalance


Binge eating disorder
Binge-Eating Disorder

  • Lose control over eating

  • Do not purge, excessive exercise or use laxatives

  • Most overweight/obese

  • Increase Heart disease and hypertension

  • Shame, guilt, embarrassment= more over- eating


Males
Males

  • Wrestling

    • Food restriction

    • Decrease excess Fluid, i.e.- Saunas, Laxatives, Diuretics, Steam Rooms

  • Bodybuilding/ Figure Competing

    • Anorexia (flat muscles, muscle breakdown for energy)

    • Bulimia

    • Very hidden

    • Muscle dysmorphia, “Bigorexia”; Obsession with increasing body size

  • Gymnastics

  • Swimming

  • Rowing


Females
Females

  • Cross Country

  • Gymnastics

  • Ballet

  • Figure/Bikini Competing

  • Swimming


Immune system
Immune system

  • Purpose

    • Defend body against attack of

      “foreign invaders”

    • Viruses

      • I.e. Bacteria, Parasites, Fungi

      • Both cause infections if not treated

    • Crippled Immune System

      • Cause disorders, allergic diseases,

      • arthritis, diabetes, etc.


Immunity dysfunction
Immunity Dysfunction

  • Decrease in white blood cells

    • 1/3 victims =Anemic

      • Deficiency in oxygen carrying component of blood

      • Hold onto fat cells, burn muscle cells

    • Person is vulnerable to infections


Immunity dysfunction1
Immunity Dysfunction

  • Purging decreases nutrition

    • Releases vitamins and minerals person takes in

    • Vitamins and minerals protect Immune system

    • More susceptible to viruses/diseases


Being proactive
Being Proactive

  • Loved one on verge of eating disorder

    • Promote healthy eating, not dieting

    • Don’t forbid certain foods

    • Eat together as a family: Make meal time Pleasant!

    • Praise children/friends for who they are, allowing them to become happy and confident about their appearance

    • Do not pick on family members/friends on appareance


FACT

  • 3 Risk Factors for Developing Eating Disorder

    • A mother that diets

    • A sister who diets

    • Friends who diet


HELP

  • NEDA (National Eating Disorders Association)

    • http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/find-help-support

      • 1-800-931-2237


Sources
Sources

  • http://loveyourbody.nowfoundation.org/factsheet_2.html

  • http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/index.shtml

  • http://www.femaleathletetriad.org/for-athletes-coaches/what-is-the-triad/

  • http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/89260-overview

  • http://www.edcdenver.com/articles/is-bodybuilding-a-gateway-to-eating-disorders

  • http://beforeitsnews.com/health/2012/10/long-term-and-side-effects-from-bulimia-nervosa-2451414.html

  • http://www.anred.com/prev.html


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