Science. - An area of knowing. THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE. AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE. NATURAL SCIENCES. MATHEMATICS. WAYS OF KNOWING. HUMAN SCIENCES. EMOTION. KNOWER(S). LANGUAGE. REASON. ETHICS. HISTORY. SENSE PERCEPTION. THE ARTS. Aims.
- An area of knowing
AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE
WAYS OF KNOWING
Prediction and experimental test
Experimental data or observation
Theory is falsified and rejected
The Scientific Model
Kuhn was a historian of science, who noticed that, as a matter of historical fact, scientists did not work by falsification. He said that scientists hold some fundamental beliefs (ie paradigms) so strongly that they are sometimes not prepared to allow them to be falsified; they may ignore or disbelieve findings which seem to disprove them.
If you did an experiment which seemed to have falsified the conservation of energy theory what would you do?
Some sciences are increasingly taking a holistic approach whereby they try to avoid reduction. Does this mean that they are still sciences, or have they become something else?
Scientists make new hypotheses?
1. Attempt-to form hypotheses for the following:
2 Suppose your new hypothesis has been tested and it failed. We reject it. Come up with another testable hypothesis.
3 It has been said that the most creative minds belonged to Scientists. Einstein’s general theory of relativity is no less a masterpiece than Mozart’s “requiem” or a painting by Picasso. Do you agree? Discuss and come up with some “fors” and “againsts”