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“Relief Chain Logistics in Natural Disasters”. Purvishkumar Patel Repaul Kanji Dr . Rajat Agarwal IIT ROORKEE. Glimpses from the Research papers….

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relief chain logistics in natural disasters

“Relief Chain Logistics in Natural Disasters”

Purvishkumar Patel RepaulKanji Dr. RajatAgarwal

IIT ROORKEE

slide2

Glimpses from the Research papers…

‘‘Logistics is the part [of any disaster relief] that can mean the difference between a successful or failed operation.’’

Van Wassenhove (2006) p. 476

“As a result of the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004, logistics applied to disasters has received increasing interest from both researchers and practitioners.”

Kovács et.al. (2007)

‘‘Disaster relief is about 80 % logistics & supply chain management.”

Van Wassenhove (2006) p. 475

slide5

The Agility and Leanness Principles

Agility

Agility is usually defined as the ability to respond to unexpected changes (Sheffi 2005) when an unpredictable demand is combined with short lead times (Christopher

2005).

Leanness

Leanness usually refers to doing more and better with less when demand is relatively stable and predictable (Childerhouse and Towill 2000).

slide8

So, what are the attributes of an ideal humanitarian relief chain logistics??

Agility

Spatial & Temporal Accuracy of Demand

Responsiveness

Flexibility

Authenticity of demand: Amount & Location

Cross-sectional coordination

Supplies in right quality & quantity

slide9

Prep Work

Hazard Mapping / Hazard Zoning“Along with the spatial parameters becomes an important input for relief chain logistics as and when required”

Resource Management“Contingency fund, relief aid etc; where to find and what to find and how much to find!”

Human Resources 1. Technologically sound personnel to handle signals, warnings, tracking etc.2. Rescue and relief workers (preferably local people)3. Medical practitioners.

slide10

Tools & Technology: GIS

“..captures, stores, manipulates, analyzes, manages and presents all types of geographic data!”

Geography, Topography, Communication, Life-Line Service

Availability of data in Layers.

Modules to code necessary algorithms.

Escape Routes.

Alternate Routes.

Safe Houses.

Closest Facility.

LEANNESS

slide11

GIS: Up & Close!

Static (LEANNESS) / Dynamic (AGILITY) Hazard Zonation using “Buffer” module.

Resource Management becomes easy when modules designed ad hoc according to some interesting algorithms (Pankaj et al, Disaster Recovery Planning – An Indian Touch) (RIGHT RESOURCE @ RIGHT PLACE)are implemented. RESPONSIVENESS increases many folds.

The simple formula of resource storage proposed ,amount = f[risk, demographic factors] can also be implemented using a module which would actually reduce the probability of error, hence improving agility.

“Census Block”

slide12

Crisis Maps: the next Big thing

“creating customized map for specific application..”

Can be edited by authorized personnel or anyone with 3G 

Edit and add information like impact point, distress points, no. of affected people, probable safe houses!

Decision taking becomes really easy!

slide13

!Real Time tracking!

-> GPS Based Live Tracking

-> Handset Based Tracking

-> Network Based Tracking

-> Hybrid Tracking

“Rescue operators, vehicles can be tracked for getting information about their current location, their velocity, whether they are moving on correct path, and their probable time of arrival and other relevant information for managing relief chains can be obtained.”

Leanness

Agility

The nth decision

The 1st Decision

slide14

GPS Based Tracking

“Availability of both spatial and temporal data with the help of GPS, makes it extremely easy to integrate it with digital maps and/or GIS systems. Padmanabhan, (2001).

1. Exact location: Latitude & Longitude2. Time, Velocity3. Tracking path, ETA etc.

Network Based Tracking

“utilize the service provider's network infrastructure to identify the location of the handset.”

Accuracy varies with the method used, yet a good way of tracking!

Accuracy “depends upon the concentration of base station cells with urban environment..”

slide15

Handset Based Tracking

“installation of client software on the handset to determine its location”

Cell identification + signal strength of cells = Location.

Android, Symbian, Windows, iOS are the handsets to look for.

Hybrid Tracking

Assisted GPS: GPS triangulates the location and then sends it over UMTS network.

Google Latitude is a very common example.

Can be easily implemented through CSR!

“combination of network-based and handset-based technologies for location determination. “Peuhkuri, (2002).

slide16

Estimation & Correction

1. Top Down Evaluation!2. Stringent but also lenient!

3. Resource Management – Was everything done the right way?4. What went wrong? How could it have been averted?

slide17

Conclusion – Let’s face it!

“logical write-up, good for nothing illustration which can not be implemented”?

India requires IMPLEMENTATION! It has to start, NOW!Policies and Acts are for bureaucrats, these are for those in the field ->

Techno-bureaucrats!