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World Civilizations Unit 13 PP 2. The Congress of Vienna. The age of ideologies. Conservatism :attempts to preserve tradition (class and government structure) to ensure peace. A reaction against the French rev.

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world civilizations unit 13 pp 2

World CivilizationsUnit 13PP 2

The Congress of Vienna

the age of ideologies
The age of ideologies
  • Conservatism:attempts to preserve tradition (class and government structure) to ensure peace. A reaction against the French rev.
  • Liberalism: Enlightenment/Fr rev ideals (individual freedoms) desire constitutions and natural rights
  • Nationalism: Love of country or a desire of a people who share a common language, history and culture to have a country
goals of the congress of vienna sept 1814 june 1815
Goals of The Congress of Vienna(Sept 1814-June 1815)
  • Led by Prince Klemens Von Metternich
  • Concept: “to uproot the revolutionary seed” and maintain the balance of power
  • Goals: To stop liberalism and nationalism, restore monarchs (principle of legitimacy) and class privilege, restore established churches
  • Contain France and restore the peace and status quo of 1792
representatives
Representatives
  • Russia: Alexander I
  • Prussia: Frederick William III
  • Britain: Lord Castlereagh
  • Austria: Metternich
  • France: Talleyrand
problems
Problems
  • They disagreed over land
    • Prussia wanted German Kingdom of Saxony
    • Russia wanted all of Poland
    • Metternich insisted that they use the guiding principle of “balance of power” to keep peace in Europe
    • Result: France is able to return to great power status by forming an alliance with Austria against Prussia and Russia
new borders
New Borders
  • To check future French aggression they strengthen her neighbors
    • Switzerland regains ind.
    • Netherlands gains Belgium
    • N. Italian state of Piedmont taken from France and given to Sardinia (K. of Sardinia Piedmont)
    • Austria gets Lombardy and Venetia
    • Prussia received land on French border
    • The German Confederation (38 states dominated by Austria)
    • Many submerged nationalities (Magyars and Czechs)