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IUCN-CEESP. IUCN COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL POLICY SEAPRISE CEESP WORKING GROUP ON SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTABILITY OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR WORK WITH CIVIL SOCIETY, GOVERNMENTS AND INDUSTRY. EXTRACTS FROM DRAFT PRESENTATION. BY HE AHMEDOU OULD ABDALLAH

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iucn ceesp
IUCN-CEESP
  • IUCN COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL POLICY
  • SEAPRISE

CEESP WORKING GROUP

ON SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTABILITY OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR

  • WORK WITH CIVIL SOCIETY, GOVERNMENTS AND INDUSTRY
extracts from draft presentation
EXTRACTS FROM DRAFT PRESENTATION
  • BY
  • HE AHMEDOU OULD ABDALLAH
  • SPECIAL ADVISER FOR WEST AFRICA
  • TO UN SECRETARY GENERAL
oil a most vital source of energy despite
OIL – a most vital source of energy, despite
  • Environmental concerns
  • Its finite nature and price volatility
  • Associated corrupt practices
  • Security concerns
africa s oil production
Africa’s Oil Production
  • 1960’s – less than 10 million tons per year
  • Today – 376.4 million tons = 10.6% of the world’s production
  • Nigeria produces 30% of Africa’s oil
  • 2003 – USA invested over $10 billion in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • By 2015 USA could be importing 25% of its oil from Africa
tensions in oil rich areas
Tensions in Oil Rich Areas
  • Scramble for highly priced oil in the region.
  • Delimitation and Demarcation of Inherited boundaries
  • Corrupt practices
  • States weakened by over dependence on oil
disputes
Disputes
  • Between governments and oil companies on contracts and revenues.
  • Between governments and their populations on revenues and redistribution.
  • Between States on delimitations of borders and maritime boundaries.
  • Disputes between oil companies.
territorial claims
Territorial Claims
  • Gabon and Equatorial Guinea
  • Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea
  • Nigeria and Sao Tome and Principe
transparency in the oil industry
Transparency in the Oil Industry

Should help lessen tensions but can only succeed with external support

  • Companies to publish what they pay to local Governments.
  • Local Governments to convey how the oil revenue is used.
  • Transparency to favour development prospects, which benefit all.
finish of presentation of extracts
FINISH OF PRESENTATION OF EXTRACTS

HE AHMEDOU OULD ABDALLAH

SPECIAL ADVISER FOR WEST AFRICA

TO UN SECRETARY GENERAL

(WHOLE PRESENTATION IS AVAILABLE IN ENGLISH & PORTUGESE TRANSLATED IN GUINEA BISSAU)

nigeria
NIGERIA
  • OIL PRODUCTION STARTED 50 YEARS AGO
  • NIGERIA RECEIVED OVER $300 BILLION FOR OIL
  • POPULATION OF 137 MILLION HAS ONE OF THE LOWEST GDP IN THE WORLD
  • BETWEEN 9 AND 12 MILLION BARRELS OF OIL LOST IN OIL SPILLS IN THE LAST 50 YEARS
  • IN 2004 MINISTER FOR OIL ESTIMATED NIGERIA WAS LOSING $10 MILLION A DAY FROM OIL SPILLS SABOTAGE AND THIEFS
  • WIDE SPREAD PROBLEMS WITH CIVIL SOCITY
  • MANY OIL INSTALLATIONS NOW CLOSED BY CIVIL SOCIETY ACTION.
causes of oil spills
CAUSES OF OIL SPILLS

OIL SPILLS ARE CAUSED BY:

  • FAILURE TO FOLLOW INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
  • OLD EQUIPMENT NOT REPLACED IN TIME
  • POOR ENGINEERING STANDARDS
  • THIEFTS AND SABOTAGE

IN 2004 A NIGERIAN MINISTER ESTIMATED THAT TOTAL LOSSES FROM THESE CAUSES WAS 150,000 BARRELS A DAY WORTH

$10 MILLION A DAY

slide20
PEOPLE, PETROL, FISH,

SHIPPING

HOW TO BE GOOD NEIGHBOURS

600,000 ARTISANAL FISHERMEN

5 MILLION PEOPLE DEPEND ON THEM

oil is short term
OIL IS SHORT TERM
  • FINISH IN THE LIFE TIME OF OUR CHILDREN
  • PLAN FOR THE FUTURE AFTER OIL
  • FIT OIL INTO NATIONAL SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY
  • INVEST IN RENEWABLES
    • AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY
    • FISHIERS/MARINE RESOURCES
    • ECO TOURISM
    • RENEWABLE ENERGY
    • EDUCATION AND HEALTH
international standards
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
  • OIL COMPANIES MUST FOLLOW INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS-SEE IUCN PUBLICATION
  • OIL POLLUTION CAN SEVERLY DAMAGE ENVIRONMENT-PARTICULARLY MARINE ECO SYSTEMS.
  • POLLUTION CAN DESTROY THE ABILITY OF THE POOR TO SURVIVE
  • POLLUTION IN ONE COUNTRY CAN DAMAGE OTHER COUNTRIES AND CAUSE CIVIL DISTURBANCES OR EVEN WARS
enforcement
ENFORCEMENT
  • DON’T RELY ON SELF REGULATION BY COMPANIES
  • CARRY OUT INDEPENDENT REVIEW OF ALL ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL STUDIES
  • HAVE A GOOD INFORCEMENT TEAM
  • ALLOW MINISTRIES RESPONSIBLE FOR ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES TO TAKE ACTION ON POLLUTION AND HEALTH ISSUES.
  • INSIST ON ADEQUATE INSURANCE COVER FOR ACCIDENTS AND SPILLS-FORCES COMPANIES TO BE CAREFUL
slide27
OIL, GAS AND MINING INDUSTRIES MUST CONTRIBUTE

TO

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

NOT

TO ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS

strategic environmental appraisal sea
STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL APPRAISAL (SEA)
  • CARRY OUT SEAS TO INSURE
  • OIL PRODUCTION FITS INTO NATIONAL STRATEGIES AND DOES NOT DAMAGE RENEWABLE ACTIVITIES (MARINE RESOURCES).
  • INTEGRATES ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS INTO STRATEGIC DECISION MAKING ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • SEE MAP REQUESTED BY PRIME MINISTER OF MAURITANIA