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Biome Project- Tropical Forest. By: Corbin Crain. Introduction. I choose to do the tropical forest, because I like all the different kinds of animals that live there, and they have really pretty colored birds. General Climate.

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Presentation Transcript
introduction
Introduction
  • I choose to do the tropical forest, because I like all the different kinds of animals that live there, and they have really pretty colored birds.
general climate
General Climate
  • Jakarta, Indonesia is located on the northwest coast of Java. Java is Northwest of Malaysia. Jakarta is not a city, but has the status of the capital of Indonesia, It is also a tropical Forest Region. Jakarta has a hot and humid climate. Half the worlds plants and animal species live there. Dry season is in September, and wet seasons rainfall peak is in January. There average yearly high temperature is 90.7 degrees (F), there average low temperature is 76.6 degrees (F). They get 67.173 inches of Rainfall a year.
secondary succession in a tropical forest biome
Secondary Succession In A Tropical Forest Biome
  • In my biome recently there was a tragic Volcanic Eruption. This tragedy effected the biotic factors by making them leave there homes, and try to escape, but many did not make it out of the forest, there for killing most of the biotic factors. The volcanic eruption effected the abiotic factors by melting most things on the ground, and it effects the temperature by making it extremely hot. This prepares the area for succession by wiping out all the plant population allowing succession to reoccur.
pioneer species
Pioneer Species
  • TremaMicrantha are generally small trees, reaching 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall. The leaves are alternate, simple, 7–15 cm (2.8–5.9 in) long, ovate-acuminate to lanceolate with a long pointed tip, and evenly serrated margins. The fruit is a small drupe 3–5 mm (0.12–0.20 in) in diameter. Jacaranda Copaia species are shrubs to large trees ranging in size from 2 to 30 m (6.6 to 98 ft) tall. The Leavesarebipinnet in most species, pinnate or simple in a few species. The flowers are produced in conspicuous large panicles, each flower with a five-lobed blue to purple-blue corolla.

TremaMicrantha

(Terma)

Jacaranda

(Jacaranda Copaia)

climax community
Climax Community
  • Climax Communities in the tropical forests are mosses, grasses, herbs, small plants, ferns, shrubs, small trees, and large trees. Coconut trees are found in abundance in rainforests and other tropical locales. The "milk" inside coconuts is drinkable, however, it acts as a laxative if consumed in large amounts, so keep your drinking to a minimum. Banana trees are quite common in tropical rainforest locations around the world. Each tree grows a large stalk, which is covered in "bunches" of green bananas.

Coconut Tree

(Cocosnucifera)

Banana Tree

(Musa Acuminata)

food web of a tropical forest
Food Web Of A Tropical Forest

Anaconda

Ocelot

Jaguar

Howler Monkey

Golden Lion

Three- Toed Sloth

Banana Tree

Palm Tree

Sun

Bromeliad Plant

trophic pyramid
Trophic Pyramid

V

Secondary Consumer

Anaconda

Jaguar

Ocelot

Primary Consumer

Three- Toed Sloth

Howler Monkey

Golden Lion

Producer

Banana Tree

Jacaranda

Coconut Tree

predator prey interactions
Predator/Prey Interactions
  • Jaguars and Deer have a predator prey relationship, this relationship is important because if the jaguars went extinct there would still be things that eat the deer but the deer population could grow making a tropical forest crowded.
herbivory interactions
Herbivory Interactions
  • The Ornate Lorikeet they eat nectar and pollen mostly from eucalyptus and Melaleuca trees. If the Ornate Lorikeet didn’t eat the Melaleuca tree the tropical forest may have more food, but the trees could also become over populated. Its Important to the tropical forest because everyone has a place and when things change a lot more changes along with it.
symbiotic relationships
Symbiotic Relationships
  • Leaf cutter ants and fungus are an example of Mutualism. The ants niche is to protect the fungi from pests and mold and also feed it with small pieces of leaves. The ants keep their larvae in the fungi. The fungi’s niche is to protect the eggs and feeds them.
niche and competition
Niche And Competition
  • A toucans niche is to consume various fruits and deposit the seeds in there waste on the ground to keep the fruits population up and they also keep the insect population under control. The Hornbill and the toucan look very similar, but they compete for fruits, and they also compete for a spot to lay eggs. The outcome is that one may be less common then the other because of nest laying spots and the food that is available. It effects both their niches by having to find something different to eat then what they would like, or it may even lead to not nesting.

Toucan

HornBill

recourses
Recourses
  • A important recourse we use from tropical forests are medicines. We use the medicine to help take pain away, and to help make people not sick, medicine is renewable because its constantly growing back.
environmental issues
Environmental Issues
  • Humans negatively effects a tropical forest because we cut down trees for paper, and bamboo for multiple resources. When we cut down the trees it takes away food recourses, and limits available shelter for organisms. We could improve the health of a tropical forest by simply not littering when touring or visiting a tropical forest, and we could try to limit the amount of paper we use in everyday life.
environmental solutions
Environmental Solutions
  • Humans positively effect a tropical rainforest by using technology to keep records, and track animals that have died and we try to insure that species doesn't go extinct. When this happens we take some of the species which is left, and protect them and make them reproduce to help insure their species wont go extinct. If certain species went extinct so could many others. We could have a chance of loosing a lot of the medicine we get from the tropical rainforests, and that would be terrible. Humans are trying to make a positive impact by helping save species.
species adaptation looper caterpillars
Species Adaptation-Looper Caterpillars
  • Looper Caterpillars have adapted to their environment by camouflage. They Have adapted to the colors of leaves, wood, and even flowers. They also learned to attach themselves to the object they blend in with so they have a lower chance of being seen by there predators.

Looper Caterpillar attaching its self to a stem.

Looper Caterpillar Camouflaging to a flower.

sources
Sources
  • Introduction:
    • Global Distribution Picture:
      • http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rainforest.htm
    • General Climate Information:
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jakarta
  • Part One
    • Abiotic Factor Damage Information:
      • http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/standard/biology/biosphere/investigating_an_ecosystem/revision/4/
    • Volcano Eruption Picture:
      • http://www.gizmag.com/climate-volcanic-activity-link/25520/
    • TremaMicrantha Information And Picture:
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trema
    • Jacaranda Copaia Information:
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacaranda
    • Jacaranda Copaia Picture:
      • http://www.stri.si.edu/sites/esp/tesp/plant_images_j.htm
    • Banana Tree And Coconut Tree Information:
      • http://www.ehow.com/list_6375854_native-plants-tropical-rainforest.html
    • Coconut Tree Picture:
      • http://missgallo.wikispaces.com/Coconuts
    • Banana Tree Picture:
      • http://maguyzucconi.ifunnyblog.com/bananatreepollinators/
    • Banana Tree Scientific Name:
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana
    • Coconut Tree Scientific Name:
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut
sourses continued
Sourses Continued
  • Part One Continued
    • Climax Community Information:
      • http://www.s-cool.co.uk/category/subjects/a-level/geography/ecosystems
  • Part Two
    • Food Web Of A Tropical Forest:
      • Sun Picture:
        • http://www.cartoonclipartworld.com/sun/
      • Anaconda Picture:
        • http://www.stormchaser.ca/wildlife/venezuela_wildlife/anaconda.html
      • Ocelot Picture:
        • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ocelot.jpg
      • Jaguar Picture:
        • http://ogop.lakesideschool.org/usscience/s100a2012/2012/05/15/jaguar/
      • Howler Monkey Picture:
        • http://173.210.1.82/Activities/Perini/Mantled%20Howler%20Monkey/mantled_howler_monkey%20FACTS.htm
      • Golden Lion Picture:
        • http://www.123rf.com/photo_7149933_a-cute-golden-lion-tamarin-baby-leontopithecus-rosalia.html
      • Three-Toed Sloth Picture:
        • http://www.dantalodge.com/#!three-toed-sloth/zoom/cau4/imageoez
      • Bananna Tree Picture:
        • http://maguyzucconi.ifunnyblog.com/bananatreepollinators
      • Palm Tree Picture:
        • http://www.turnbacktogod.com/palm-tree-christians/
      • Bromeliad Picture:
        • http://activerain.com/blogsview/554015/unusual-looking-plants-and-flowers-from-hawaii
      • Touccan Niche Information:
        • http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_niche_of_a_toucan
      • Hornbills Information:
        • http://woodlandparkzblog.blogspot.com/2013/03/wonderfully-wild-wednesday-toucan-vs.html
sources continued
Sources Continued
  • Part 3
      • Jaguar and Deer relationship:
        • http://voices.yahoo.com/jaguar-predation-habits-their-significance-in-717035.html?cat=58
      • Jaguar Picture:
        • http://wallfive.com/jaguar-wild-wallpaper.html
      • Deer Picture:
        • http://www.animalstown.com/animals/d/deer/deer.html
      • The Ornate Lorikeet Information:
        • http://addiesrainforest.weebly.com/herbivores.html
      • Ornate Lorikeet Picture:
        • http://www.flickr.com/photos/bking720/5413364519/
      • Melaleuca tree Picture:
        • http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/extension/4h/trees/melaleuca/index.html
      • Leaf cutter ants information:
        • http://lo2fosho.blogspot.com/2011/01/symbiotic-relationships-in-tropical.html
      • Leaf Cutter Ant Picture:
        • http://zoltantakacs.com/zt/pw/in/album.php?idx=7
      • Fungus Picture:
        • http://www.ants-kalytta.com/Ants-America.html
      • Toucans Niche Information:
        • http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_niche_of_a_toucan
      • Hornbills Information:
        • http://woodlandparkzblog.blogspot.com/2013/03/wonderfully-wild-wednesday-toucan-vs.html
      • Hornbills Picture:
        • http://www.theanimalagency.com/animals/birds/birds.htm
      • Toucans Picture:
        • http://www.thelovelyplanet.net/tag/keel-billed-toucans/
sources continued1
Sources Continued
  • Part 4
    • Recourse Information:
      • http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_the_natural_resources_found_in_a_tropical_rainforest
    • Medicine Picture:
      • http://genome.fieldofscience.com/2012/10/multivitamins-and-cancer-mixed-bag.html
    • Touring Tropical Forest Picture:
      • http://www.yunnanadventure.com/tour-p25-10day-kunming-jinghong-dali-lijiang-shangri-la-tour-with-the-tropical-forest
    • Saving Species Picture:
      • http://cincinnatizoo.org/blog/2011/10/25/celebrating-30-years-of-saving-species-with-science/
    • Looper Caterpillar Picture:
      • http://twistedsifter.com/2012/05/wavy-lined-emerald-moth-camouflaged-looper-info-pics/
    • Looper Caterpillar Picture:
      • http://www.sahyadrica.com/2009/08/nagla-range-sgnp.html