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Judicial Review Day

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  1. Judicial Review Day

  2. Agenda • Self assessment quiz • Study Guide • Review Game

  3. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE • You have 15 mins to fill out the following quiz. • This quiz is to help you understand what YOU need to study

  4. Review of Quiz

  5. Vocabulary ____H_____1. Trial Court ____G____ 2. Civil Case ____F____ 3. Criminal case ____D____ 4. Affirm ____C___ 5. Judicial review ____A____ 6. Appellate jurisdiction ____B____ 7. Docket ____E____ 8. Appeal • The authority of a court to review decisions of inferior (lower ) courts • A court's List of cases to hear • The powers of the Supreme Court to decide what the Constitution really says • When a appellate court decides no mistakes was made • Asking a higher court to review a case • A case involving someone who is accused of committing a crime • A case involving a disagreement where one side believes the other side violated their rights somehow • Court that hears a case for the first time

  6. Describe the principles and limitations of Laws • Where do laws come from? • Case Law • Constitution • Statutes

  7. Explain the difference between types of law? ______Civil____ 10. OJ Simpson was ordered to pay the families of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman millions of dollars. ____Criminal __ 11. Timothy McVeigh was sentenced to death for the Oklahoma City Bombing. _____Civil ____ 12. Judge Judy ordered Bessy Anderson to pay John Jones $65 for shave head instead of providing a quality haircut as requested. Civil 13. Fred Jones sued the Federal Government for infringing on his right to privacy. Civil _______14. The plaintiff charges that her neighbor built a fence on her property and she wants it removed but the neighbor will not comply. ___Criminal______ 15. The deer hunter who shot multiple people in Wisconsin was charged with murder. If convicted, he will be in prison for the rest of his life.

  8. Describe the powers of the Judicial Branch • The judicial Branch has the power to___________________________ laws • Judge Laws

  9. Summarize the structure of the Federal and State court system

  10. Summarize the structure of the Federal and State court system • What are 2 major differences between State and Federal Courts? • What are the 7 steps in a criminal case? • Crime • Investigation • Arrest • Pretrial • Trial • Sentencing and Appeals • Corrections

  11. Explain the outcome of Marbury v. Madison and it’s affect on the Supreme Court • What is the significance of Marbury v. Madison? • Established Judicial Review

  12. Review Game!

  13. Directions • On your sheet of paper write down the correct answer. The person with the highest number correct will get 5 extra credit points!

  14. Question 1 • When someone is accused of a crime, the type of case is…..

  15. Question 1 • When someone is accused of a crime, the type of case is….. Criminal

  16. Question 2 • If you appeal a case, you are going to……… • Appellate court • Trial Court • A bench trial • State court

  17. Question 2 • If you appeal a case, you are going to……… • Appellate court • Trial Court • A bench trial • State court

  18. Question 3 • The court that gets to decide what is constitutional…… • Court of Appeals • District Courts • Inferior courts • Supreme Court

  19. Question 3 • The court that gets to decide what is constitutional…… • Court of Appeals • District Courts • Inferior courts • Supreme Court

  20. Question 4 • If the appellate court thinks a decision was wrong it will…. • Affirm the decision • Reverse the decision • Do nothing

  21. Question 4 • If the appellate court thinks a decision was wrong it will…. • Affirm the decision • Reverse the decision • Do nothing

  22. Question 5 • If a groups of people gives the verdict after a trial, that trial was a • Appeal trial • Bench trial • Jury trial • Evidence

  23. Question 5 • If a groups of people gives the verdict after a trial, that trial was a • Appeal trial • Bench trial • Jury trial • Evidence

  24. Question 6 • If an appellate court sends a case back to the trial court, it has • Affirmed the case • Not reviewed the case • Remanded the case

  25. Question 6 • If an appellate court sends a case back to the trial court, it has • Affirmed the case • Not reviewed the case • Remanded the case

  26. Question 7 • The decision in a case is called the • Evidence • Jurisdiction • Decision • Verdict

  27. Question 7 • The decision in a case is called the • Evidence • Jurisdiction • Decision • Verdict

  28. Question 8 • If you break a law of the United States, your case will probably be in • Federal court • State court

  29. Question 8 • If you break a law of the United States, your case will probably be in • Federal court • State court

  30. Question 9 • At trial, lawyers try to prove their case using • An appeal • Verdict • Affirm • Evidence

  31. Question 9 • At trial, lawyers try to prove their case using • An appeal • Verdict • Affirm • Evidence

  32. Question 10 • State courts were created by • The US Constitution • State constitutions

  33. Question 10 • State courts were created by • The US Constitution • State constitutions

  34. Question 11 • Day time court show deal with what type of cases?

  35. Question 11 • Day time court show deal with what type of cases? Civil Case

  36. Question 12 • What are the qualifications to become a Federal Judge ?

  37. Question 12 • What are the qualifications to become a Federal Judge ? None

  38. Question 13 • In order for someone to be guilty of a crime the jury must find the person guilty beyond _______________ doubt

  39. Question 13 • In order for someone to be guilty of a crime the jury must find the person guilty beyond Reasonable doubt

  40. Question 14 • Criminal cases can be heard in both __________ and _______________ courts

  41. Question 14 • Criminal cases can be heard in both Federal and State courts

  42. Question 15 • Court decisions that influence judicial ruling is what type of law? • Case law • Constitution • Statues

  43. Question 15 • Court decisions that influence judicial ruling is what type of law? • Case Law • Constitution • Statues

  44. Question 16 • What is the difference between a misdemeanor and a felony?

  45. Question 16 • What is the difference between a misdemeanor and a felony? Misdemeanor- fine/ imprisonment for less an a year Felony- imprisonment for more than a year

  46. Question 17 • Each state has the same court structure. • True • False

  47. Question 17 • Each state has the same court structure. • True • False

  48. Question 18 • If a person feels like a state supreme court ruling is unconstitutional who can they appeal to?

  49. Question 18 • If a person feels like a state supreme court ruling is unconstitutional who can they appeal to? Federal Supreme Court

  50. Question 19 • List one similarity between Virginia Courts and the US federal courts