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CASH FLOWS - LOCAL GOVERNMENTS & ENTERPRISES. TAXES FEES & CHARGES. HOUSEHOLDS , BUSINESSES AND DEVELOPERS (INCLUDING FOREIGN LENDERS). CAPITAL MARKETS. CENTRAL/STATE GOVERNMENT. LOANS RAISED. LOANS REPAID. LOCAL GOVERNMENT & PUBLIC UTILITIES. BUDGETARY SUPPORT. CAPITAL

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slide1

CASH FLOWS - LOCAL GOVERNMENTS & ENTERPRISES

TAXES

FEES &

CHARGES

HOUSEHOLDS , BUSINESSES AND DEVELOPERS

(INCLUDING FOREIGN LENDERS)

CAPITAL

MARKETS

CENTRAL/STATE GOVERNMENT

LOANS

RAISED

LOANS

REPAID

LOCAL

GOVERNMENT

& PUBLIC

UTILITIES

BUDGETARY

SUPPORT

CAPITAL

GRANTS

& LOANS

CAPITAL

CONTRI-

BUTIONS

SINKING

FUNDS

BUDGETARY CONTRIBUTION

OPERATING

(RECURRENT)

FINANCE

CAPITAL

FUNDING

FOREIGN

CURRENCY

RESERVES

DEFICIT FINANCING (*)

WORKING CAPITAL

NET

FOREIGN

EARNINGS

(COMMERCE

AND

INDUSTRY)

CAPITAL INVESTMENT & USAGE

EXPENDITURE

ON

(COSTS OF)

SERVICES

CONTRIBUTIONS (**)

SPECIAL FUNDS

(INCLUDING

CONSOLIDATED

LOANS FUNDS)

DEBT SERVICE

(**) = INCL. DEPRECIATION (RETENTION) OR RENEWALS FUNDS

(*) = UNSATISFACTORY PRACTICE

financial rape deficits don t matter
Financial Rape!(Deficits Don’t Matter!)

CAPITAL

GRANTS

& LOANS

BUDGETARY CONTRIBUTION

OPERATING

(RECURRENT)

FINANCE

CAPITAL

FUNDING

DEFICIT FINANCING (*)

WORKING CAPITAL

* “No!” means “No!”

slide4

THE COMPETITION FOR CASH

MONEY

CREATION

(NATIONAL

GOVERNMENT)

SALES OF

ASSETS (INCL.

PRIVATIZATION)

MAJOR POLICY ISSUES

CHARGES,

FINES &

INTEREST

GRANTS &

TRANSFERS

TAXATION

LONG-TERM

LENDING

LONG-TERM

BORROWING

(PRIMARY) SOURCES

INVENTORY

TEMPORARY

BORROWING

THE POOL

OF CASH

(INTERMEDIATE)

DEPLETIONS

(SAVINGS)

(INTERMEDIATE)

ENHANCEMENTS

(DIS-SAVINGS)

WITHHOLDING

SUPPLIERS

PAYMENTS

DEBTORS

(GRANTING

OF CREDIT)

(FINAL) USES & ABUSES

MONETARY

INVESTMENT

(WITHDRAWAL)

MONETARY

INVESTMENT

(DEPOSIT)

MAJOR POLICY OUTCOMES (OR LOSSES)

"F.C.W.A.T!

CAPITAL

INVESTMENT

ACTIVITY &

SERVICES

GRANTS &

TRANSFERS

INTEREST

ON DEBT

f c w a t

}

  • FRAUD
  • CORRUPTION
  • WASTE
  • ABUSE
  • THEFT

LOSSES OF CASH, CONFIDENCE, CREDIT RATING, CONTROL AND CREDIBILITY

"F.C.W.A.T!"

=

FINANCIAL REGULATIONS & INTERNAL

CONTROLS

ACCOUNTING & BUDGETARY CONTROL FRAMEWORK*

STANDARD ACCOUNTING CHART AND CODING STRUCTURE

KEY CONTROL & MANAGEMENT COMPONENTS

* = COMPUTERIZATION PRIORITY

reputation as a market factor

C

A

(Poor reputation = High costs)

COSTS

  • Interest rates.
  • Search costs for capital funding.
  • Regulation & loan conditions.
  • Choice of Public and/or Private Financing or Implementation Entity Partners.
  • [Foreign Borrowing]

B

REPUTATION AS A MARKET FACTOR

C

D

(Good reputation

= low costs)

E

Quality

0

Reputation >