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Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program. ASTAE. Status Report Consultative Group Meeting April 3, 2009 Washington, D.C. 1. Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program. Outline. Strategic Context ASTAE FY08 - Implementation Highlights Pipeline FY09 Indicators 2008-2009

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astae

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

ASTAE

Status Report

Consultative Group Meeting April 3, 2009

Washington, D.C.

1

outline

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Outline

Strategic Context

ASTAE FY08 - Implementation Highlights

Pipeline FY09

Indicators 2008-2009

Business Plan 2009-2012

Funding Status & Staffing

slide3

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

  • Strategic Context

The EAP region has the fastest energy demand growth among all regions in the world

Coal to account for nearly half of primary energy  environmental impacts

Oil imports to rise  security concerns

Power needs are rising in the EAP, and not only in China

Power generation is dominated by coal (~75%); oil (~10%); gas (~10%); rest is renewable energy + nuclear

slide4

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

As a result, several EAP Countries have High and Accelerating Fossil Fuel CO2 Emission Growth

slide5

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

China is the 2nd largest source of global greenhouse gas emissions Indonesia is the 3rd if biomass is considered

Global ranks – highest CO2 Emitters

Main sources of CO2 emissions in EAP, 2000

Source: WRI, 2007

Note: LULUCF: Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry; the methodology of estimating emissions from land use is not as widely accepted as from fossil fuels

Source: WB, 2007, based on data sources for energy: IEA 2005 (except Indonesia, which uses PIE 2005); agriculture, 2005 data from USEPA 2006; Forestry: Houghton 2006; waste: 2005 data from USEPA 2006

slide6

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Energy Demand is Growing Dramatically, Especially in China…

Installed Generation Capacity, China (GW)

Vehicle Population, China (millions)

Over 750MW per week

Over 20,000 vehicles per day

slide7

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

China’s private car use (share of total transport) grew from 6 to 23.2% (1990-2003)

Cars/1000 population in international comparison, 2003

slide8

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Coal Continues to Dominate Energy Production

  • Coal dominates power generation (~75%)
  • Coal consumption growth outpaced total energy growth by 65%
  • China became coal importer in 2006
  • Vietnam’s coal share in total energy mix is expected to increase from 13% in 2005 to 20% in 2010

Total Primary Energy and Coal Consumption

Source: BP World Energy Review, 2007

slide9

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Trends and Projections for CO2 Emissions from Energy

slide10

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

…at the Same Time, Access to Energy is still a Challenge for Many Countries

In2005, 223 million people in EAP still did not have access to electricity

slide11

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Most Effected EAP Countries by Climate-Related Threats

slide12

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

The Bali Roadmap Sets a two-years time frame to strengthen the international response to climate change

A central element of the roadmap for developing countries is the focus it places on creating investment opportunities by developing climate friendly technology and finance

Several EAP countries have set ambitious targets for renewable energy generation, energy efficiency improvements, and access to electricity – much remains to be done to reach these targets

Renewable Energy

China has the most ambitious targets for renewable energy and is the most likely country to attain / surpass them.

slide13

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Energy Efficiency

Energy efficiency is low in the EAP region compared to OECD average

Access

Access levels remain low in Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Timor Leste, PNG

slide14

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Major Issues/Challenges

  • Manage energy demand growth and increase energy efficiency
  • Improve the energy sector's ability to attract investment
  • Mitigate environmental impact of energy sector
  • Scale up investments for increasing access to modern energy services

The Bank Group’s commitments (EAP Region) 2008

Bank Climate Change Lending Portfolio by Regions as of Jan, 2008

  • $618.5m active Bank lending portfolio, representing 53% of the Bank’s climate change portfolio
  • China dominates the EAP climate change portfolio with emphasis on energy efficiency and renewable energy
slide15

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

EAP has the Largest GEF and CF Portfolios among Regions…

World Bank GEF Climate Change Portfolio by Regions

GEF:

$184m GEF grant portfolio, 74% in China

Emphasis on energy efficiency, renewable energy, clean technologies, more recently urban transport and adaptation

CarbonFinance:

73% of Bank CF portfolio by volume, China alone is 70%

Focus on energy efficiency in power and industry, industrial gas emission reduction, waste management, reforestation

World Bank Carbon Finance Portfolio by Regions based on volume of emission reductions

slide16

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

13 EE projects and 5 New RE projects in the EAP region in FY2008

The EAP has the largest World Bank RE and EE Commitments in FY2008

slide18

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Country focus

  • China
  • Renewable energy
  • Efficiency
  • Urban heating & gas (multi-sector)
  • Desulfurization
  • Coal sector restructuring
  • Long-term energy sustainability (AAA)
  • Vietnam
  • Power generation (hydro, gas, coal)
  • Power transmission & distribution
  • Rural electrification
  • Private participation strategy for power sector (AAA)
  • Indonesia
  • Rural electrification
  • Power transmission & distribution
  • Risk sharing framework for power generation investments (AAA)
slide19

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

  • Cambodia/Lao PDR/Mongolia
  • Power sector financing strategies
  • System rehabilitation & commercialization
  • Rural electrification
  • GMS (Cam, Lao)
  • Heat (Mon)
  • Pacific Islands
  • Capacity building
  • System rehabilitation & commercialization
  • Rural electrification
  • Hydro
  • Middle-income
  • Countries
  • Regional energy trade
  • CDM operations
  • Knowledge broker role
slide20

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

2. ASTAE FY08 - Implementation Highlights

slide21

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

ASTAE Supported Activities in FY08

East Asia and Pacific Energy Flagship Study

Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Mongolia,

Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam

Pacific Islands Sustainable Energy Financing Project

Fiji, Marshall Islands, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu

Vietnam

Renewable Energy (REDP)

Rural electrification (RE2)

Energy Efficiency (SEIER / DSM)

China

Renewables / REDP and CRESP

Efficiency / EE Financing and Heat

Reforms

slide22

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Mongolia

Rural electrification / Renewable Energy / Distribution /

Electricity Pricing / EE in Power Sector

Timor Leste

Gas Seep Harvesting Project / Energy Services

Delivery project

Fiji / Solomon Islands

Strategic Master Plan for Biomass Development

Sustainable Energy Financing

Support to guarantees for Energy Enterprises (SI)

Cambodia / Lao PDR /

Thailand / Indonesia

Rural electrification / Improved

Cook stoves / (Cambodia) /

Sustainable Energy Polices

(Thailand)

Philippines

Burgos Wind Farm

slide23

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

3- ASTAE Supported Activities in FY08-FY09

Vietnam

Implementation Support to DSM and REDP Projects

Impact Studies of Rural Electrification / Documentary and Conference Material

Mongolia

Energy Efficiency Heating in the periphery of Ulan Bator

Pacific Islands

Wind Resources Maps for Pacific Islands

PNG and Fiji Pro-Poor Sub-5W

Solomon Islands Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy

Solomon Islands Tina Small Hydro

Tonga Renewable Energy Development

China

Implementation Support to CRESP and REDP Fiscal policies and sector regulations / small coal-fired power plants phase-out

Support to heat reform / Tianjin Municipality

slide24

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Indonesia

Preparation Support to WB investment project

Carbon Finance concept development

Implementation Support GEF project / policy

India

Energy Efficiency in Small & Medium Enterprise, implemented by the South Asia region

ESMAP Regional Block Grant Supported Activities in FY09

Regional

Greater Mekong Sub-region Power Trade

China

Renewable Energy Targets / Assessment

China

Heat regulations, North East

China

Power Dispatch Energy Efficiency Improvement

Vietnam

Gas Master plan II

slide25

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

4. Indicators 2008-2009

1- Households with New & Improved Energy Access

2- Renewable Electricity Generation

3- Energy Savings as a Result of Efficiency Improvements

4- Avoided Greenhouse Gas Emissions

slide27

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

  • Proposed additional indicators:
  • Energy Poverty / Gender Impacts
  • Climate Change Adaptation indicators
  • Impact of regional activities
slide28

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

5- Business Plan 2009-2012

  • Sustainable energy options include:
    • Energy Efficiency
    • Renewable Energy
    • Non-Renewable Energy
    • Poverty Reduction Options

Scaling-up Sustainable Energy Development

Efficiency

Renewable Energy

Access

Add Climate Change Mitigation and Energy Poverty ?

slide29

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

CROSS-SECTORAL IMPACTS

ASTAE

SECTORAL WORK

Innovative Investment Delivery Mechanisms

Access

Development of Institutional and Regulatory Frameworks

Energy Efficiency

Renewable Energy

Training and Knowledge Sharing

Clean Development / Mitigation Window?

slide30

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Innovative Investment Delivery Mechanisms

Training and Knowledge Sharing

Institutional and Regulatory Frameworks

Vietnam:

structuring on-lending funds for renewable energy development

China:

support to developing on-lending guidelines for energy efficiency project financing by Chinese commercial banks

Pacific Islands:

provision of risk guarantees to leverage private sector investment in renewable energy

China:

support to the development of the Chinese Renewable Energy Law

Thailand:

scenarios for sustainable energy policies

China/North-East:

support to the development of heat pricing policies

Mongolia:

development of electricity distribution regulations

Training seminars for officials and policy makers

Regional workshops

Knowledge products

Technical Guides

Atlases

Video products

slide31

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Topics for Discussion

Establish ASTAE as a Multi-Donor Trust Fund

Strengthen project impact monitoring, social / economic surveys / Develop qualitative - in addition to quantitative - indicators

Expand ASTAE Funds to include more Recipient Executed (investment) activities

Need to maintain strong activity in China –> identify new funds

Re-engage South Asia (one activity financed in India – but Bank execution only)

slide32

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

6. Funding Status & Staffing

During FY08-FY09 the largest part of ASTAE funding came from commitments by the Netherlands, representing a total allocation of US$7.4 million for calendar years 2006 to 2009.

The first tranche of a funding commitment of US$ 2 million by the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) was received in FY07, the second in FY08. This funding expires in 2010.

Additional commitments were made by the Australian Agency for International Development (Aus AID) to fund projects in Cambodia and in Laos, partly through ASTAE, partly through co-financingto set-up a Mekong Energy Fund.

Proposed GON funding for 2010-2012 is focused on Renewable Energy.

Further resources will be required in 2009 and beyond.

New resources to cover increasing demand for ASTAE activities, in Vietnam and China in particular, and to cover needs for energy efficiency development.

slide33

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

ASTAE Manager Sector Manager EASTE

ASTAE Coordinator Donor-Funded Bank Staff

Sr. Budget Administrator Part-time Bank Staff

Local Hire

Beijing Based

New Staff FY08

Local Hire

Sydney Based

New Staff FY08

Consultants

ASTAE Management Structure

TAG

International Hire

DC-Based

New Staff FY08

slide34

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Additional staff needs for FY10-FY12

DC based:

Renewable Energy Specialist / Coordination of Recipient Executed Activities

Trust Funds Specialist

Communications Specialist

Country based:

ASTAE funded staff, Indonesia

slide35

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

ASTAE Donor Priorities FY09-FY12

Government of The Netherlands

Renewable Energy

Fragile states

Sweden SIDA

Regional Activities

Vietnam, China, Indonesia (India)

Aus AID

Cooperation on Climate Adaptation Funds

Mekong Area: Vietnam, Lao, Cambodia

Indonesia

Timor Leste

slide36

Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program

Thank you!

Frederic Asseline

fasseline@worldbank.org