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Career Decision-Making

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Career Decision-Making

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Career Decision-Making

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  1. Career Decision-Making The Decision-Making Process & Decision-Making Styles

  2. The Decision-Making Process • Decision-making involves choosing between 2 or more alternatives or options • Sometimes its easy; sometimes its difficult • Choosing not to decide is also a choice • It’s a 5-step process • Use the same steps whether you are making a decision about • A career • Choosing a college • Buying a used or new car

  3. Step 1 – Define the Problem • The term problem refers to a question in need of a solution • Become aware of the ‘problem’ and see the need to make a decision • Examples: • “What are my goals in life?” • “For what occupation do I want to prepare?” • “How can I earn money for Saturday night?”

  4. Step 2 – Gather Information • You cannot make a good decision without getting all the information • How much information is enough?? You don’t know • The amount of information and the amount of time you spend fining it is directly related to the importance of the decision you need to make • This is the gather stage – get as much information as you can

  5. Step 3 – Evaluate the Information • Organize all of your information into categories • Identify the PROS and CONS of each possible choice • Eliminate any unacceptable choices • This is where you would narrow your choices down • What would be the pros and cons of not doing your homework for the next days class? • PROS – • CONS -

  6. Step 4 – Make a Choice • Choose 1 of your alternatives • Making this choice can be difficult • Look for the alternative that leads to the most desirable result and has the highest possibility of success • The option with maybe more “PROS” than “CONS” • There are always ‘trade-offs’ with any choice

  7. Step 5 – Take Action • At this point, you begin to carry out the alternative you chose in Step 4 • Taking action also involves committing yourself to make a successful decision • Sometimes your choice does not always work out • Back to Step 1!! And begin the process again

  8. Occupational Decision-Making • Step 1: “Which occupation should I chose?” • Step 2: Identify interests, aptitudes, self-information, collect occupational information • Step 3: Organize information, compare and evaluate, evaluate own feelings and attitudes, eliminate the unacceptable occupational alternatives • Step 4: Based on your work values and career goals, choose the occupation that seems best to you now • Step 5: Enroll in an appropriate education program that will prepare you for the occupation

  9. Decision-Making Styles • People tend to have different decision-making styles or typical ways of making decisions • These styles are gained over a long period of time • There are 7 styles that are most common • The agonizer • The mystic • The fatalist • The evader • The plunger • The submissive • The planner

  10. Decision-Making Styles 1 & 2 The Agonizer • collect information and spend a lot of time evaluating it • Spend so much time doing this that they end up not knowing what to do! • Get overwhelmed with data The Mystic • Makes decisions because it “felt right” • Decision based on intuition (feeling or a hunch) • Some people make most of their choices this way

  11. Decision-Making Styles 3 & 4 The Fatalist • Do not believe that they have much control over their choices • Do not spend much time gathering information The Evader • Hopes that if you delay long enough the problem will go away • Considered the “Ostrich Style” • Sticking your head in the sand • Letting someone else make the decision for you

  12. Decision-Making Styles 5,6,7 The Plunger • Eagerly makes decisions • Frequently chooses the 1st alternative that comes to mind The Submissive • “What do you want me to do?” • Want to let someone else make the decision for them • Decision is made based on what they think someone else would want them to do The Planner • Most likely to use a good decision-making strategy • Thorough and weigh all information • Maintain balance between facts and emotions What is YOUR decision-making style???

  13. Other Influences on Decision-Making • Information, decision-making styles, and willingness to accept responsibility ALL influence decision making • Previous decisions • Environment and Experiences • Your surroundings – family, neighborhood, friends, school • Real-World Restrictions • Events or situations you have little control over • Economic Conditions • Jobs/economy