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Membraneless , Room-Temperature, Direct Borohydride /Cerium Fuel Cell with Power Density Over 0.25 W/cm 2 PowerPoint Presentation
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Membraneless , Room-Temperature, Direct Borohydride /Cerium Fuel Cell with Power Density Over 0.25 W/cm 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Membraneless , Room-Temperature, Direct Borohydride /Cerium Fuel Cell with Power Density Over 0.25 W/cm 2. Daniel C. Ralph, Cornell University, ECCS 0335765.

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Membraneless , Room-Temperature, Direct Borohydride /Cerium Fuel Cell with Power Density Over 0.25 W/cm 2


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    1. Membraneless, Room-Temperature, Direct Borohydride/Cerium Fuel Cell with Power Density Over 0.25 W/cm2 Daniel C. Ralph, Cornell University, ECCS 0335765 The widespread adoption and deployment of fuel cells as an alternative energy technology have been hampered by a number of formidable technical challenges, including the cost and long-term stability of electrocatalyst and membrane materials. The Abruña and Stroock groups at Cornell have used the Cornell NanoScale Facility to develop a microfluidic fuel cell that overcomes many of these obstacles while achieving power densities in excess of 250 mW/cm2. The poisoning and sluggish reaction rate associated with CO-contaminated H2 and methanol are averted by employing the promising, high-energy density fuel borohydride. Expensive, ineffective membrane materials are replaced with laminar flow and a nonselective, porous convection barrier to separate the fuel and oxidant streams. The result is a room-temperature fuel cell that has the highest power density per unit mass of Pt catalyst employed for a non-H2 fuel cell, and exceeds the power density of a typical H2 fuel cell by 50%. The new fuel cell design incorporates grooved electrodes, which induce chaotic flow to separately mix the fuel and oxidant solutions. The flow creates separate convection cells in the fuel and oxidant streams that are stirred symmetrically. Abruña and Stroock groups, Cornell University. Work performed at the Cornell NanoScaleFacility N. Da Mota et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 6076 (2012)