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Personality ThinkQuest Follow - up. Grade 12. But wait …. What about “Multiple Personality Disorder”?. Multiple Personalities??.

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but wait

But wait …

What about “Multiple Personality Disorder”?

multiple personalities
Multiple Personalities??
  • Dissociative identity disorder (known in the past as multiple personality disorder) is a condition where an individual develops different personality states, generally following repeated physical, sexual or emotional abuse.
dissociative identity disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Most of us have experienced some form of dissociation at some point in our lives. For example, you may have dissociated or spaced out during boring situations such as a long, boring drive, and then not really remember how you got somewhere. Or you may have experienced stressful situations where you were numb or spaced out and can’t really recall what happened.
dissociative identity disorder1
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • However, when a person is faced with overwhelming stress as may happen with abuse, dissociation is a normal process that can happen to deal with the stress. For example, a child who experiences sexual abuse may ‘space out’ as a way to protect herself from remembering the event. When such stress or trauma happens over and over again, it can lead to dissociative identity disorder.
dissociative identity disorder2
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • When dissociative identity disorder does occur, it usually happens when the trauma has occurred in childhood (e.g. before age 7-9). Young children are the most vulnerable because they have not yet had the opportunity to develop a stable sense of self or personality. People who are easily hypnotizable (i.e. prone to go into trance) are also at high risk.
dissociative identity disorder3
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Although dissociation may be a useful coping strategy in the beginning to deal with trauma, dissociation that continues to occur later on in life can cause problems in day-to-day life, and can cause severe problems in a person’s school, work or personal life.
  • According to the International Society for the Study of Dissociation, DID occurs in 1-3% of the population.
dissociative identity disorder4
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Kim Noble
  • Judy takes over
  • Art Therapy
personality theories

Personality Theories

Grade 12 Family Studies

personality theories1
Personality Theories
  • Personality is a combination of traits, characteristics, capabilities, values, beliefs and needs possessed by each of us.
  • A psychological trait is any aspect of personality that is reasonably characteristic of an individual.
  • A list of traits would be practically endless but Carl Jung grouped personality traits by two broad dimensions.
carl jung
Carl Jung
  • Jung proposed the existence of two pairs of cognitive functions:
    • The "rational" (judging) functions: thinking and feeling
    • The "irrational" (perceiving) functions: sensing and intuition
  • From Jung's original concepts, Briggs and Myers developed their own theory of psychological type, described below, on which the MBTI is based.
jung meets freud
Jung meets Freud
  • Group photo 1909 in front of Clark University. Front row: Sigmund Freud, G. Stanley Hall, Jung; back row: Abraham A. Brill, Ernest Jones, Sándor Ferenczi.
sigmund freud
Sigmund Freud
  • Freud: Id, Ego, Superego
  • Freud: Psychosexual Stages
  • Freud: Defense Mechanisms
  • Freud: Final Summary
freudian slips
Freudian Slips
  • A Freudian slip is an error in speech, memory, or physical action that is interpreted as occurring due to the interference of some unconscious wish, conflict, or train of thought.
  • For example: She: 'What would you like -- bread and butter, or cake?' He: 'Bed and butter... Whoops!
another friend of freud
Another friend of Freud
  • Alfred Adler was another famous psychologist and doctor that collaborated with Freud.
alfred adler
Alfred Adler
  • A Bit about Alfred Adler
kurt lewin
Kurt Lewin
  • A few years later a man named Kurt Lewin published a “dynamic theory of personality”.
  • According to Lewin, the self includes:
    • Personal Self
    • Social Self
    • Ideal Self
personal self
Personal Self:
  • The individual’s perception of self
    • Attitudes
    • Beliefs
    • Impressions
    • Habits
    • Values
social self
Social Self
  • The image the individual wants to project for people to perceive.
    • Perceptions, emotions, attitudes, and feelings about yourself in relation to other people.
ideal self
Ideal Self
  • The self the individual would like to be
    • Image you have of what you wish to become.
kurt lewin1
Kurt Lewin
  • In order for a person to adjust and be stable, it is necessary for these three selves to pull together. The individual can be satisfied with the total self when the three subselves are nearly identical.
another guy worth mentioning
Another Guy Worth Mentioning …
  • Erik Erikson was particularly interested in the development of personality and identity.
  • He believed everyone went through 8 stages.
  • At each stage the individual must deal with a particular crisis.
  • The successful resolution of each crisis puts another piece of an individual’s identity in place.
jean piaget
Jean Piaget
  • Piaget: Cognitive Development