The Role and Importance of Research. Dr Mas Anom Abdul Rashid 012-7763624. How to Conduct a Research. Develop an understanding of the research process Prepare yourself to conduct research of your own. Learn how to judge the quality of research.
Dr Mas Anom Abdul Rashid
What these researcher have in common?
- At one time, they participate actively in doing research.
RESEARCH – is a process through which new knowledge is discovered.
A theory - helps us to organize this new information into a coherent body, a set of related ideas that explain events that have occurred and predict events that may happen. (theory is the ground-floor level of a research.)
A researcher must work to get the ball rolling, adding a bit of new insight here and add new speculation there, until these factors come together to form a corpus of knowledge.
“Doing science” means following a model that begins with a question and ends with asking new questions.
The goal of this model is to find the truth or, in other words, to use a SCIENTIFIC METHOD that results in a reasonable and sound answer to important questions that will further our understanding of human behavior.
STEP 1: Asking the Question
Questions are informally stated and often are intended as a source of discussion and stimulation about what direction the specific research topic should take.
Questions spring from our sense of imagination and our own experiences, enriched by the worlds of science, art, music and literature.
Creative scientist always think about everything from solutions to existing questions to the next important question to ask.
“Take advantage of all the experiences you can, both in and out of school.” Only then can you be well prepapared to recognize the importance of certain events, which will act as a stimulus for more rigorous research activity”.
Questions can be as broad as inquiring about the effects of television on language development, or as specific as the relationship between the content of certain television commercials and teenagers’ buying habits. Whatever their content or depth of inquiry, questions are the first step in any scientific endeavour.
It is hard enough to define the nature of the problem let alone generate questions that lead to more questions, but once you begin the journey , you have the responsibility to contribute to new knowledge (scientific literature)
e.g. Boys who view aggressive acts during prime-time cartoon shows are more likely to exhibit aggressive behaviors right after the television viewing session than are boys who watch non aggressive acts during prime-time shows.
ii) Collect the would be number of aggressive behaviors observed in children who watched the program and the number of such acts in children who did not watch the program.
(Hypothesis is for you to set out to test them, NOT to prove them)
As a researcher/scientist you should be intent on collecting data that reveal as much of the truth about the world as possible and letting the “chips fall where they may” whether you agree or disagree with the outcomes. (Sometimes biases occurred).
- NOT HAVING A HYPOTHESIS means you have to have additional questions to ask or that those always another question to ask on the same topic, one that shed a bit more light.
eg. 4.8 aggressive acts in the 1-hour period following exposure
while 2.4 acts on boys who watched a nonaggressive program, what will your conclusion be?
A Theory – is a set of statements that predict things that will occur in the future and explain things that have occurred in the past.
based on the same assumptions on which the theory is based.
of children and adults is known as social learning theory, which
plays special importance on the role of modeling and vicarious,
or indirect learning. According to this theory, watching aggressive
behavior will lead/motivate aggressive behavior once the environment contains the same kinds of cues and motivation.
The types of research methods differ primarily on 3 dimensions:
the nature of the question asked
the method used to answer it
the degree of precision of the method brings to answering the questions