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Colonial Society

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  1. Colonial Society Countdown to Revolution

  2. Colonial Population Rapid growth. • 1700 250,000 people. • 1750 1,500,000 Why? • ? • ?

  3. Melting pot, mosaic, salad bowl? Cultural diversity. • Scots-Irish. • Others. Largest non-English group? • ? • Social stratification

  4. Economic life • Merchants and mobility (social) • Concentration of wealth. • Planters v. slaves & indentured servants. • Professions. • Grain, fishing, shipbuilding,commerce, cash crops, lumber. • A burgeoning colonial population v. a slow growing English one ????

  5. Religious influence • Dominant religions. • Where? • Religion and revolution.

  6. The Great Awakening • Revitalized American religion. Jonathan Edwards. “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”. • Emotion. • “They deserve to be cast into hell”

  7. Redemption could occur through a revitalization of the spirit and a thorough, undying belief in God. Affirmed the need for complete dependence on God’s grace. • George Whitefield - “New Light” ministers.

  8. Lasting Effects • Seriously undermined the older clergy. • Created schisms in many denominations, thereby forming many new churches.. • Encouraged a fresh wave of missionary work. • Led to the founding of “new light” centers such as Princeton, Brown, Rutgers and Dartmouth.

  9. More effects • First spontaneous mass movement of the American people.

  10. Prelude to the First Amendment John Peter Zenger: • Newspaper who attacked the corrupt loyal governor. • Arrested for seditious libel. • Defense: “I printed the truth”.

  11. Franklin’s wit • “He that lies down with dogs, shall rise up with fleas.” • “Men and Melons are hard to know.” • “God works wonders now and then; Behold! A lawyer, an honest man!” • “Three may keep a secret if two of them are dead.”

  12. More • “Fish and visitors stink in 3 days.” • “Keep your eyes wide open before marriage, half shut afterwards.”