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CHARTS AND GRAPHS. Find phrases from the text which mean: went up and down frequently: did not change: went up a little: went up very quickly: arrived at its highest point: went up noticeably over a period: went down: went down gradually over a period:.

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slide2

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently:

did not change:

went up a little:

went up very quickly:

arrived at its highest point:

went up noticeably over a period:

went down:

went down gradually over a period:

slide3

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change:

went up a little:

went up very quickly:

arrived at its highest point:

went up noticeably over a period:

went down:

went down gradually over a period:

slide4

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable

went up a little:

went up very quickly:

arrived at its highest point:

went up noticeably over a period:

went down:

went down gradually over a period:

slide5

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable stayed at this level

went up a little:

went up very quickly:

arrived at its highest point:

went up noticeably over a period:

went down:

went down gradually over a period:

slide6

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable stayed at this level

went up a little: there was a small increase

went up very quickly:

arrived at its highest point:

went up noticeably over a period:

went down:

went down gradually over a period:

slide7

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable stayed at this level

went up a little: there was a small increase

went up very quickly: the figure shot up

arrived at its highest point:

went up noticeably over a period:

went down:

went down gradually over a period:

slide8

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable stayed at this level

went up a little: there was a small increase

went up very quickly: the figure shot up rose sharply

arrived at its highest point:

went up noticeably over a period:

went down:

went down gradually over a period:

slide9

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable stayed at this level

went up a little: there was a small increase

went up very quickly: the figure shot up rose sharply

arrived at its highest point: had reached a peak

went up noticeably over a period:

went down:

went down gradually over a period:

slide10

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable stayed at this level

went up a little: there was a small increase

went up very quickly: the figure shot up rose sharply

arrived at its highest point: had reached a peak

went up noticeably over a period: a marked upward trend

went down:

went down gradually over a period:

slide11

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable stayed at this level

went up a little: there was a small increase

went up very quickly: the figure shot up rose sharply

arrived at its highest point: had reached a peak

went up noticeably over a period: a marked upward trend

went down: had fallen to

went down gradually over a period:

slide12

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable stayed at this level

went up a little: there was a small increase

went up very quickly: the figure shot up rose sharply

arrived at its highest point: had reached a peak

went up noticeably over a period: a marked upward trend

went down: had fallen to another small drop

went down gradually over a period:

slide13

Find phrases from the text which mean:

went up and down frequently: fluctuated a great deal

did not change: remained stable stayed at this level

went up a little: there was a small increase

went up very quickly: the figure shot up rose sharply

arrived at its highest point: had reached a peak

went up noticeably over a period: a marked upward trend

went down: had fallen to another small drop

went down gradually over a period: a steady

downward trend

slide15

1. There

2. Temperature

3. There

4. DVD sales

5. The use of alternative energy sources

6. There

slide16

1. There was a sharp rise in the price of oil.

2. Temperature

3. There

4. DVD sales

5. The use of alternative energy sources

6. There

slide17

1. There was a sharp rise in the price of oil.

2. Temperature increases noticeably from May onwards.

3. There

4. DVD sales

5. The use of alternative energy sources

6. There

slide18

1. There was a sharp rise in the price of oil.

2. Temperature increases noticeably from May onwards.

3. There has been a dramatic fall in the number of people attending the theatre.

4. DVD sales

5. The use of alternative energy sources

6. There

slide19

1. There was a sharp rise in the price of oil.

2. Temperature increases noticeably from May onwards.

3. There has been a dramatic fall in the number of people attending the theatre.

4. DVD sales had risen steadily for the first six months of the year.

5. The use of alternative energy sources

6. There

slide20

1. There was a sharp rise in the price of oil.

2. Temperature increases noticeably from May onwards.

3. There has been a dramatic fall in the number of people attending the theatre.

4. DVD sales had risen steadily for the first six months of the year.

5. The use of alternative energy sources has grown rapidly.

6. There

slide21

1. There was a sharp rise in the price of oil.

2. Temperature increases noticeably from May onwards.

3. There has been a dramatic fall in the number of people attending the theatre.

4. DVD sales had risen steadily for the first six months of the year.

5. The use of alternative energy sources has grown rapidly.

6. There was a significant increase in the popularity of extreme sports during the 1990s.

slide23

Apple sales fell by a quarter.

  • Banana sales
  • Apricot sales
  • Lemon sales
  • Plum sales
  • Pineapple sales
slide24

Apple sales fell by a quarter.

  • Banana sales fell by a third.
  • Apricot sales
  • Lemon sales
  • Plum sales
  • Pineapple sales
slide25

Apple sales fell by a quarter.

  • Banana sales fell by a third.
  • Apricot sales tripled.
  • Lemon sales
  • Plum sales
  • Pineapple sales
slide26

Apple sales fell by a quarter.

  • Banana sales fell by a third.
  • Apricot sales tripled.
  • Lemon sales rose by a third.
  • Plum sales
  • Pineapple sales
slide27

Apple sales fell by a quarter.

  • Banana sales fell by a third.
  • Apricot sales tripled.
  • Lemon sales rose by a third.
  • Plum sales halved.
  • Pineapple sales
slide28

Apple sales fell by a quarter.

  • Banana sales fell by a third.
  • Apricot sales tripled.
  • Lemon sales rose by a third.
  • Plum sales halved.
  • Pineapple sales rose by a quarter.
slide33

DVD players nearly/approximately/almost doubled.

  • CD players fell by just under/approximately/nearly a quarter.
slide34

DVD players nearly/approximately/almost doubled.

  • CD players fell by just under/approximately/nearly a quarter.
  • Televisions
slide35

DVD players nearly/approximately/almost doubled.

  • CD players fell by just under/approximately/nearly a quarter.
  • Televisions rose by just over/slightly more than a third.
slide36

DVD players nearly/approximately/almost doubled.

  • CD players fell by just under/approximately/nearly a quarter.
  • Televisions rose by just over/slightly more than a third.
  • Radios
slide37

DVD players nearly/approximately/almost doubled.

  • CD players fell by just under/approximately/nearly a quarter.
  • Televisions rose by just over/slightly more than a third.
  • Radios rose by slightly more than/just over a quarter.
slide38

DVD players nearly/approximately/almost doubled.

  • CD players fell by just under/approximately/nearly a quarter.
  • Televisions rose by just over/slightly more than a third.
  • Radios rose by slightly more than/just over a quarter.
  • Video Recorders
slide39

DVD players nearly/approximately/almost doubled.

  • CD players fell by just under/approximately/nearly a quarter.
  • Televisions rose by just over/slightly more than a third.
  • Radios rose by slightly more than/just over a quarter.
  • Video Recorders approximately halved.
slide42

1. In/During…

  • 2. …at…
slide43

1. In/During…

  • 2. …at…
  • 3. …to/until…
slide44

1. In/During…

  • 2. …at…
  • 3. …to/until…
  • 4. During…
slide45

1. In/During…

  • 2. …at…
  • 3. …to/until…
  • 4. During…
  • 5. …after/from/at…
slide46

1. In/During…

  • 2. …at…
  • 3. …to/until…
  • 4. During…
  • 5. …after/from/at…
  • 6. Before/Until/In…
slide47

1. In/During…

  • 2. …at…
  • 3. …to/until…
  • 4. During…
  • 5. …after/from/at…
  • 6. Before/Until/In…
  • 7. …by…
slide48

1. In/During…

  • 2. …at…
  • 3. …to/until…
  • 4. During…
  • 5. …after/from/at…
  • 6. Before/Until/In…
  • 7. …by…
  • 8. …until/to…
slide49

1. In/During…

  • 2. …at…
  • 3. …to/until…
  • 4. During…
  • 5. …after/from/at…
  • 6. Before/Until/In…
  • 7. …by…
  • 8. …until/to…
  • 9. …since…
slide50

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained around $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up
  • $17 to reach about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached a
  • peak nearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged $13. For the next few years the price fluctuated $14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise $5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide51

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained around $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up
  • $17 to reach about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached a
  • peak nearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged $13. For the next few years the price fluctuated $14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise $5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide52

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up
  • $17 to reach about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached a
  • peak nearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged $13. For the next few years the price fluctuated $14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise $5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide53

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up by
  • $17 to reach about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached a
  • peak nearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged $13. For the next few years the price fluctuated $14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise $5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide54

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up by
  • $17 to reach (-)about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached a
  • peak nearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged $13. For the next few years the price fluctuated $14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise $5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide55

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up by
  • $17 to reach (-)about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached (-) a
  • peak nearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged $13. For the next few years the price fluctuated $14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise $5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide56

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up by
  • $17 to reach (-)about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached (-) a
  • peak ofnearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged $13. For the next few years the price fluctuated $14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise $5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide57

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up by
  • $17 to reach (-)about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached (-) a
  • peak ofnearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged to$13. For the next few years the price fluctuated $14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise $5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide58

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up by
  • $17 to reach (-)about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached (-) a
  • peak ofnearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged to$13. For the next few years the price fluctuated around$14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise $5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide59

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up by
  • $17 to reach (-)about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached (-) a
  • peak ofnearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged to$13. For the next few years the price fluctuated around$14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise of$5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased almost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide60

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up by
  • $17 to reach (-)about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached (-) a
  • peak ofnearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged to$13. For the next few years the price fluctuated around$14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise of$5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased byalmost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up a
  • peak of $50 per barrel.
slide61

The chart shows fluctuations in the price of crude oil over a thirty five year period, and clearly illustrates how oil prices are affected by world events.

  • In general there has been an upward trend in the price of crude oil since 1970, when it was only $1.30 per barrel. The oil embargo of the early 1970s, however, caused the price to rise sharply to nearly $11 per barrel. The crisis ended soon afterwards,
  • but the price remained ataround $11 to $13 per barrel until 1979. The Iranian revolution of that year had a huge impact on oil prices, which shot up by
  • $17 to reach (-)about $30 per barrel in the same year.
  • The following Iran-Iraq war caused a further increase, and the price reached (-) a
  • peak ofnearly $36 in 1980. From that point until 1985, the price fell steadily. However, from 1985 to 1986 the price suddenly plunged to$13. For the next few years the price fluctuated around$14, but with the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 there was a sudden rise of$5. The price quickly fell again and remained stable for most of the 1990s.
  • Things changed once again at the end of the decade, and from 1999 to 2000 the price increased byalmost $10 per barrel. Despite a slight drop in 2000, the rise
  • continued and by the end of the period, the price of crude oil had shot up toa
  • peak of $50 per barrel.