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THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES EXPERT GROUP (LEG). Priority adaptations to climate change for Pacific fisheries and aquaculture: reducing risks and capitalising on opportunities 5-8 June 2012, Noumea, New Caledonia. Contents. The Least Developed Countries Expert Group ( LEG ) and its mandate

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the least developed countries expert group leg


Priority adaptations to climate change for Pacific fisheries and aquaculture: reducing risks and capitalising on opportunities

5-8 June 2012, Noumea, New Caledonia

Pepetua Latasi

  • The Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) and its mandate
  • National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs)
  • The national adaptation plan (NAP) process
  • Regional training workshops for 2012-2013
i the leg and its mandate
I. The LEG and its mandate
  • Established in 2001
  • Initially to provide technical guidance and advise to LDCs on NAPAs
  • Functions now include providing support to LDCs on the NAPAs, the LDC work programme and the NAP process
  • Has served 4 terms [2002-2003, 2004-2005, 2006-2007, 2008-2010], and now in its 5th term [2011-2015]


  • 10 members from LDCs (5 Africa, 2 Asia, 2 SIDS, 1 from any LDC)
  • 3 members from Annex II Parties
  • Supports LDCs through
  • Guidelines, technical papers, publications on NAPAs, etc.
  • Training workshops, side events, and special events
  • Regular surveys to LDC focal points, and one-to-one advise; collaboration with GEF and agencies, and other organizations

II. National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs)

  • Provide a process for the LDCs to identify and implement priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs with regard to adaptation to climate change
  • Approach
    • Participatory process involving stakeholders, particularly local communities;
    • Prominence of community-level input as important source of information;
    • Multidisciplinary approach;
    • Complementary approach, building upon existing plans and programmes
  • Characteristics:
    • Easy to understand;
    • Action-oriented and country-driven;
    • Set clear priorities for urgent and immediate adaptation activities as identified by the countries

The LEG provides support to the LDCs for the preparation and implementation of their NAPAs, including their revision and update


II. National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs)

Country experiences from LEG BP&LL publication, volume 1:

  • Well established institutional arrangements to deal with climate change issues in the country can greatly facilitate NAPA preparation and implementation and foster strategic thinking for the consideration of medium- and long-term adaptation options (Burkina Faso’s experience)
  • Focusing on the most affected development-related sectors is a good way to link the NAPA activities to national development plans (Sao Tome’s experience)
  • A multi-stakeholder consultations during the NAPA preparation process can significantly help identify nationwide adaptation needs (Kiribati’s experience)

More experiences available on the LDC Portal: http://unfccc/int/6491


II. National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs)

Quick figures on NAPAs

  • 47 NAPAs have been prepared and submitted to the UNFCCC
  • 1 LDC is in the final stages of preparing its NAPA
  • 2 more LDCs are yet to start NAPA preparation
  • 64 NAPA implementation projects approved by the LDCF as of May 2012, in 42 countries
  • 43 NAPA projects under implementation as of May 2012

II. National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs)

Fisheries in NAPAs – some examples from the Pacific

  • Tuvalu NAPA project #1: “Increasing Resilience of Coastal Areas and Community Settlements to Climate Change”:
    • Carries an objective to integrate CC impacts into the livelihood programmes currently addressing inshore fishing. The inshore fishing practices will be disseminated to vulnerable communities and applied to future adaptation and risk reduction projects
    • Project status: GEF CEO Endorsement: November 9, 2009
  • Samoa NAPA project #1: “Integrated Climate Change adaptation in Samoa”:
    • Carries an objective for monitoring of climate trends and provision of communications on climate risk and early warning shore and off-shore fish stocks. The monitoring is to aid Samoa’s Ministries in planning for the impacts of climate change to fisheries and other agriculture-related livelihoods.
    • Project status: advanced stage of implementation on the ground

III. National adaptation plan (NAP) process

Established in 2010

  • As a process to enable LDCs to formulate and implement national adaptation plans (NAPs), building on NAPAs, as a means for:
    • Identifying medium- and long-term adaptation needs, and their integration into development planning;
    • Developing and implementing strategies and programmes to address those needs;
  • Other developing country Parties to employ the modalities formulated to support the NAPs in the elaboration of their planning efforts.

Progress so far

  • Initial guidelines adopted in 2011
  • The LEG is currently developing detailed technical guidelines
  • The LEG is also compiling support needs for the NAP process
  • Financial support is currently being discussed

III. National adaptation plan (NAP) process


  • To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience;
  • To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate;

How does the process work

  • A roadmap approach, with multiple entry points that sequentially connect to each other;
  • Continuous iterative process with multiple periodic outputs that build on each other;
  • Allows for flexibility of the choice of approaches.

Key deliverables

  • Intermediate: gap analysis, vulnerability and risk assessments, cost and benefits of adaptation;
  • Core: Periodic reports on progress, NAP document to communicate the NAP process and key outputs for dissemination, driving national policy, submission to UNFCCC, to donors, etc...
components of the nap process

Laying the groundwork

Developing framework, strategy or plan

Reporting, monitoring and review


Components of the NAP process
  • Analysis of enabling environment for adaptation (human and institutional capacities, policies and regulations, etc)
  • Assessment of available information on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation
  • Design and development of plans, policies and programmes to address the identified gaps and needs
  • Info for integration into development
  • Info to UNFCCC, incl. for NatComms
  • Regular M&E
  • Comprehensive vulnerability assessments
  • Identifying adaptation needs
  • Integrating adaptation into development
  • Ensuring stakeholder participation
  • Communication, outreach, awareness and education
  • Developing implementation strategies
  • Exploring and promoting synergies

Sectoral plans


Capacity building

  • Design and implementation of projects, programmes, policies

Knowledge generation


IV. LEG regional training workshops for 2012-2013


  • Enhance the capacity of LDCs to implement NAPAs successfully;
  • Enhance the capacity of LDCs to undertake processes for medium- and long-term adaptation (NAP process), building upon NAPAs;
  • Promote exchange of information, best practices and lessons learned among the LDCs;
  • Promote gender and other considerations regarding vulnerable communities in the design and implementation of adaptation projects


  • LDC practitioners dealing with NAPA/adaptation-related activities at national levels


  • Pacific LDCs training workshop, 28 September to 3 October 2012;
  • Asia LDCs training workshop, 2013;
  • Africa Anglophone LDCs training workshop, 2013;
  • Francophone LDCs training workshop, February 2013.

IV. LEG regional training workshops for 2012-2013

The Pacific LDCs workshop

Target region: Pacific LDCs

Dates: 28 September to 3 October 2012

Location: Funafuti, Tuvalu

Invitation for collaboration:

Who? Stakeholders working on areas related to climate change adaptation and capacity building in the Pacific, in particular regional and national centres (SPC, SPREP, SOPAC, etc.), individual experts and practitioners, GEF and its agencies (FAO, UNEP, UNDP, etc.)

How? Making pledges for contributing to the design of the Training Guide (the key resource materials) and/or for facilitating part of the training workshop


The LEG contact:

LDC webportal: