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Good Governance and Sustainable Development: Lessons for the South Caucasus from South Africa, Turkey and Azerbaijan. Dr. Farhad Mukhtarov Assistant Professor of Environmental Sciences & Policy ADA University, Baku, Azerbaijan. PlayPumps as a solution?. What is Good Governance?.

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Good Governance and Sustainable Development:Lessons for the South Caucasus from South Africa, Turkey and Azerbaijan

Dr.FarhadMukhtarov

Assistant Professor of Environmental Sciences & Policy

ADA University, Baku, Azerbaijan

slide4

What is Good Governance?

“Politikos” (something to do with citizens)

Something that a government does

Something that anyone may have

A set of rules and guidelines

Something that does not exist in all languages

Something that is enforced by “police”

world bank defines good governance as follows
World Bank defines Good Governance as follows:

A predictable, open, and enlightened policy-making (that is, transparent processes); a bureaucracy imbued with a professional ethos; an executive arm of government accountable for its actions, and a strong civil society participating in public affairs, and all behaving under the rule of law (World Bank, 1994).

what is governance
What is Governance?

Hutema, Dave, online. www.watergovernance.eu

why good governance can be dangerous
Why “Good Governance” can be dangerous?

Good governance can be seen as a panacea;

“We know how to transfer resources, people and technology across cultural borders. But well-functioning public institutions require certain habits of mind, and operate in complex ways that resist being moved” (Fukuyama, 2005)

water user associations wua
Water User Associations (WUA)

“A water users’ association, or WUA, is a nongovernment, nonprofit organization initiated and managed by a group of farmers and other water users along one or more hydrological subsystems or watercourses. [...] By organizing themselves, they can put together the financial, material, technical, and human resources needed to manage, operate, and maintain an efficient irrigation and drainage system in their locality.“ (ADB, 2006)

case 1 south eastern turkey s failure to have good governance
Case 1: South-eastern Turkey’s failure to have good governance

Harris, Leila (2002) Water and Conflict Geographies of the Southeastern Anatolia Project

key points emerged from the case study
Key points emerged from the case study
  • Infrastructure and capacity-building
  • Path-dependence and the Soviet legacy
  • Collective action in a hierarchical society

And above all – the importance of context in introducing “good water governance” to countries…

why did playpumps become a success story
Why did PlayPumps become a success story?
  • Collaborative

Design where designers,

users and intermediaries

work together

  • Experimentation

and learning (started with 900 and then adjusted). Worked from the context, not from the “text”.

thank you
Thank You!
  • Contact information: fmukhtarov@gmail.com
  • Policy Blog: www.policytranslation.eu
  • Upcoming paper on this subject

Mukhtarov, F., Fox, S., Wegerich, K. and Mukhamedova, N. (2015) Institutional design in the face of contextual relevance: water user associations in Turkey, Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. Environmental Science and Policy. Forthcoming