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PErforM for trainers Insert presenters names and titles. Workshop aim. How to involve your own people in solving manual task problems. Workshop outline. Background: statistics and legislation. PErforM approach to manual tasks risk assessment. Manual task risk factors.
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How to involve your own people in solving manual task problems.
Background: statistics and legislation.
PErforM approach to manual tasks risk assessment.
Manual task risk factors.
Practical sessions using PErforM risk assessment tool.
Implementing the program.
Musculoskeletal disorders account for around 65% of non fatal workers compensation claims, of these, approximately two thirds are a result of hazardous manual tasks.
Highest risk occupations: labourers, machinery operators and drivers, technicians and trades workers, community and personal workers.
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are injuries of the muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage, or spinal discs.
MSD are caused by:
slips, trips and falls at level
hitting and being hit by objects.
“Means a task that requires a person to lift, lower, push, pull, carry or otherwise move, hold or restrain any person, animal or thing that involves one or more of the following:
(a) repetitive or sustained force
(b) high or sudden force
(c) repetitive movement
(d) sustained or awkward posture
exposure to vibration.”
[Schedule 19 - Dictionary]
WHS Regulation 2011
Hazardous manual tasks, chapter 4, section 4.2.
Code of practice
Hazardous Manual Tasks Code of Practice 2011.
Manual Tasks involving the Handling of People Code of Practice 2001.
“A person conducting a business or undertaking mustmanage risks to health and safety relating to a musculoskeletal disorder associated with a hazardous manual task, under part 3.1”. [s60(1)]
Part 3.1 describes using a risk management process
Management / OHS staff identify, assess and develop controls for hazardous manual tasks (Using COP, risk assessment tools etc).
Consultant to assess and assist in developing controls (ergonomics).
Use workers job knowledge to identify, assess and develop controls (PErforM).
Combination of the above.
Participative Ergonomics forManual tasks
simplified manual task risk management program
based on a participative ergonomics approach
internationally recommended approach for reducing musculoskeletal disorders.
control of manual
and safety culture
Adapted from P.Vink et al. (2006). Applied Ergonomics. 537-546.
Worksheet 1 – Manual tasks risk assessment form
Date of assessment and location.
PErforM risk assessment tool
Single, one off exposure:
due to maximum exertion or over load incident
ongoing wear and tear
variety of risk factors
Combination of both of the above.
Greater force - greater risk.
Speed and jerk.
Factors that increase effort.
Whole body vibration
vibration is transmitted through the whole body
vibration is transferred to the hand/arm via eg use of a vibrating tool
Short cycle time < 30 seconds.
Time taken to perform the task once or repeatedly without a break.
Amount of time exposed to a risk factor.
Photos: Daryl Dickenson
Worker exerting force and awkward
postures to lift the lid on the pre-heater.
Sun Metals reduced the forceful exertions and awkward postures by repairing the lid so that it no longer caught on the lip of the pre-heater.
By putting a hinge down the middle of the lid it can easily be opened from each side.
Worker opening pre-heater
with lid cut in half and hinges
Pre-heater with lid cut in half
and hinges installed.
Work teams are trained to use control the hierarchy to eliminate or reduce risk
Evidence to date does not support lifting technique training on its own as a control for manual tasks risks.
Risk factors are not changed.
Training should include information on:
manual task risk management
specific manual task risks and the measures in place to control them
how to perform manual tasks safely, including the use of aids, tools and safe work procedures
how to report a problem or maintenance issue.
Ask workers, walk through observations.
new manual task created
change to existing tasks, procedures, plant or equipment.
Indications something is wrong:
workers report problems, increased error or decreased productivity.
After an incident/injury.
Physical health is interconnected to a person’s mental health.
Therefore, workplaces should also manage work-related psychosocial hazards.
For tools and resources refer to:
People at Work: http://www.peopleatworkproject.com.au/
WHSQ web site: http://www.deir.qld.gov.au/workplace/hazards/bullying-fatigue-stress-violence/index.htm
Video case study.
Use the PErforM risk assessment tool to:
Identify risk factors (worksheet 1)
Assess the risk (worksheet 2).
Developing control ideas:
Link the control to the risk factor.
Consult with workers and others.
Look for different ways.
Look at similar tasks for ideas.
Find out what are others are doing.
Talk to suppliers.
Trial before implementation.
Change design or layout of work areas.
Changing the nature, size, weight or number of persons, animals and things handled.
Systems of work.
Good design includes:
suitable working heights
frequently used items
in easy reach
adjustable to suit all workers.
tools and equipment
control work load
suitable work pace
match task demands with workers’
Heat and humidity.
Floors and surfaces.
High priority tasks:
injuries have occurred
lots of complaints
rated highly on risk assessment form
performed by a lot of workers
done a lot of the time.
controls are working effectively
risk factors have been reduced
another hazard or risk has not been created
engineering certification for new designs.
What are some different ways you might carry out PErforM training?
Who might make up the PErforM team?
Measure nominated performance indicators.
lost time injuries.
A positive impact on:
reducing injuries and workers compensation claims
a reduction in lost days from work or sickness absence.
Meets consultation requirements and improves communication.
Ownership of controls.
Improved safety culture.
Management commitment to safety.
Supportive and open to safety suggestions.
Active involvement in safety.
Due diligence requirements.
Video - Steve Qld Chamber of Commerce on management commitment to health and safety
Video - Adrienne Tracy, Ergonomics consultant, about what safety leaders did that resulted in better outcomes during a recent pilot program
Appoint a PErforM champion.
Develop implementation plan.
Develop performance indicators.
Select a pilot work team / pilot site.
Identify PErforM teams.
Identify hazardous manual tasks.
Obtain video footage.
Work team conducts risk assessments.
Develop control ideas.
Process for management to consider controls.
Monitor and review.
Injury cost calculator.
Implementing controls cont.
Resource and trainers manuals.
Web based resources and information from Workplace Health and Safety Queensland website.
Tool Box presentations.
Decide if your workplace would like to use the PErforM program.
Develop a plan of action.
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