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From Coal to Biomass HMS Bergbau AG HEAT AND POWER GENERATION WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY 17th May 2011, Dublin. - Confidential and Preliminary - not to be copied or distributed without written consent. HMS Bergbau AG (www.hms-ag.com).
- Confidential and Preliminary -
not to be copied or distributed without written consent
HMS, based in Berlin, trading of steam coal, coking coal, anthracites and biomass (wood pellets, PKS, agro biomass)
into Europe, India, Asia
from Russia, South Africa, Americas, Indonesia
Expanding into coal production with projects in Poland, South Africa, Indonesia
and strongly growing in the field of biomass
Founded by Heinz Schernikau in 1995
industry veteran, used to run Eastern Germany‘s coal and energy trading business
Publicly listed at Frankfurt stock exchange in December 2008
still family run and majority owned by Schernikau family
HMS Bergbau AG
HMS Bergbau Polska Sp. Z o.o.
HMS Representative Office Bristol, Tennessee, USA
HMS Niwka Coal Production Sp. z o.o.
HMS Representative Office Singapore
privileged and confidential
HMS Representative Office Lahore, Pakistan
HMS Representative Office Mumbai, India
PT. HMS Bergbau Indonesia
Source: World Coal Institute, www.wci-coal.org, i001
Substitution of coal by biomass – in stand alone plants or in co-firing systems
Countries with a high share of coal in their electricity production matrix can reach the ambitious EU-target only by burning biomass
Biomass is the cheapest and smoothest way in order to have a fast reductions of CO2 emissions.
Main importing countries of biomass in Europe:
Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, Netherlands, Italy, Poland, UK,
Situation in Germany:
Solid biomass is only subsidized in the domestic market and in CHP plants
No support for big co-firing projects due to the unbundling approach of the EEG – Renewable Energy LawFrom Coal to Biomass – EU Reduction Targets
Source: Kaltschmitt, 2009, p. 10f
International Biomass trade
Ethanol – has a very long history in Brazil – fuel flex cars.
Bio Diesel – driven by EU subsidies
Woodchips: 30 Mio tons; 4,5 (15 % for power and heat supply)
Wood Pellets: 4,0 Mio tons Industrial Pellets – nearly no seaboard trading of premium pellets.
Source: IEA Bioenergy ExCo65
and industrial pellets for commercial and industrial customers
Different cooperations with reputable pellet producers
Wood Chips: Mainly on a regional basis
Agro Biomass: Sunflower-husk-pellets and straw-pellets from the Ukraine
olive cake North-Africa
Palm Kernel Shells: From Indonesia and West-Africa
Torrefied Pellets: “The Holy Grail” of the Industry – but no quantities available on the market yetHMS Biomass – What we trade…
Since 2007, Indonesia has become the largest palm oil producer
Annual production approx. 20 mio tonnes crude palm oil (CPO)
During the production of palm oil several residues become available
Palm kernel shells (PKS) or palm nut shells (PNS) are the biggest residues in terms of quantity.
PKS represents about 6-8% of the fresh fruit bunch production
Process: Pre-drying 100-130°C, heating up to 130-250°C, pyrolysis 250-300°C
Effect: Reduction of moisture content, reduction of acids, reduction of volatile matters, reduction of mass by 30%, reduction of NCV by 10%Black Pellets - Torrefication Process
Mixed organic waste
Huge demand but no significant supply yet
Most projects are still in very early stages
“Power producers are willing to pay extra 2-3€ /GJ only due to the better storage- and handling characteristics” Rob Marcus, Vattenfall