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From Coal to Biomass HMS Bergbau AG HEAT AND POWER GENERATION WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY 17th May 2011, Dublin PowerPoint Presentation
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From Coal to Biomass HMS Bergbau AG HEAT AND POWER GENERATION WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY 17th May 2011, Dublin. - Confidential and Preliminary - not to be copied or distributed without written consent. HMS Bergbau AG (www.hms-ag.com).

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From Coal to BiomassHMS Bergbau AGHEAT AND POWER GENERATION WITHRENEWABLE ENERGY17th May 2011,Dublin

- Confidential and Preliminary -

not to be copied or distributed without written consent

hms bergbau ag www hms ag com
HMS Bergbau AG (www.hms-ag.com)

HMS, based in Berlin, trading of steam coal, coking coal, anthracites and biomass (wood pellets, PKS, agro biomass)

into Europe, India, Asia

from Russia, South Africa, Americas, Indonesia

Expanding into coal production with projects in Poland, South Africa, Indonesia

and strongly growing in the field of biomass

Founded by Heinz Schernikau in 1995

industry veteran, used to run Eastern Germany‘s coal and energy trading business

Publicly listed at Frankfurt stock exchange in December 2008

still family run and majority owned by Schernikau family

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Where we are active…

Headquarter

HMS Bergbau AG

Berlin, Germany

HMS Bergbau Polska Sp. Z o.o.

Katowice, Poland

HMS Representative Office Bristol, Tennessee, USA

HMS Niwka Coal Production Sp. z o.o.

Katowice, Poland

HMS Representative Office Singapore

privileged and confidential

HMS Representative Office Lahore, Pakistan

HMS Representative Office Mumbai, India

PT. HMS Bergbau Indonesia

Jakarta, Indonesia

world primary energy mix scenario 2100 what lies behind the oil age
World – Primary energy mix – Scenario 2100What lies behind the oil age?

100%

Biomass

Hydro

Other

80%

Solar

GAS

Nuclear

60%

Oil

40%

Coal

20%

0%

1850

1900

1950

2000

2050

2100

Source: World Coal Institute, www.wci-coal.org, i001

from coal to biomass eu reduction targets
Main biomass driver: EU 20/20 reduction targets

Substitution of coal by biomass – in stand alone plants or in co-firing systems

Countries with a high share of coal in their electricity production matrix can reach the ambitious EU-target only by burning biomass

Biomass is the cheapest and smoothest way in order to have a fast reductions of CO2 emissions.

Main importing countries of biomass in Europe:

Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, Netherlands, Italy, Poland, UK,

Situation in Germany:

Solid biomass is only subsidized in the domestic market and in CHP plants

No support for big co-firing projects due to the unbundling approach of the EEG – Renewable Energy Law

From Coal to Biomass – EU Reduction Targets
worldwide technical biomass potential
Worldwide Technical Biomass Potential

Source: Kaltschmitt, 2009, p. 10f

worldwide biomass trade traders market
Worldwide Biomass trade – Traders Market

International Biomass trade

Liquid Biomass:

Ethanol – has a very long history in Brazil – fuel flex cars.

Bio Diesel – driven by EU subsidies

Solid Biomass:

Woodchips: 30 Mio tons; 4,5 (15 % for power and heat supply)

Wood Pellets: 4,0 Mio tons Industrial Pellets – nearly no seaboard trading of premium pellets.

Source: IEA Bioenergy ExCo65

hms biomass what we trade
Wood Pellets: Premium pellets for residential usage

and industrial pellets for commercial and industrial customers

Different cooperations with reputable pellet producers

Wood Chips: Mainly on a regional basis

Agro Biomass: Sunflower-husk-pellets and straw-pellets from the Ukraine

olive cake North-Africa

Palm Kernel Shells: From Indonesia and West-Africa

Torrefied Pellets: “The Holy Grail” of the Industry – but no quantities available on the market yet

HMS Biomass – What we trade…
palm kernel shells
Palm Kernel Shells

Since 2007, Indonesia has become the largest palm oil producer

Annual production approx. 20 mio tonnes crude palm oil (CPO)

During the production of palm oil several residues become available

Palm kernel shells (PKS) or palm nut shells (PNS) are the biggest residues in terms of quantity.

PKS represents about 6-8% of the fresh fruit bunch production

characteristics of pks
Characteristics of PKS
  • Low ash content below 3 % (ARB)
  • Moisture content 15-20 % (ARB)
  • High energy density 15-18 GJ/t – 60% higher than green wood chips
  • Not sensitive to rain and can be stored open without an significant increase of water content.
  • Bulk density 650kg/m3 (coal: 850-900kg/m3)
  • PKS are shipped in bulk
  • Very slow degradation of material
  • Negligible dusting
  • Can be used as a single fuel in power plants but can also be used for blending or co-firing.
black pellets torrefication process
Torrefication: Partial-combustion without oxygen

Process: Pre-drying 100-130°C, heating up to 130-250°C, pyrolysis 250-300°C

Effect: Reduction of moisture content, reduction of acids, reduction of volatile matters, reduction of mass by 30%, reduction of NCV by 10%

Black Pellets - Torrefication Process

Agricultural residues

Mixed organic waste

Pelletisation

Torrefication

Woody biomass

torrefied pellets
Torrefied Pellets
  • Advantages:
  • High Feedstock-Flexibility: agricultural residues, wood waste, saw dust, wood chips – increase in production potential & availability
  • Storage characteristics: water resistance - can be stored in uncovered stockpiles
  • Excellent Grindability: existing coal infrastructure can be used
  • Very homogenous end-product
  • Reduction of SOx and NOx during combustion

Market Situation:

Huge demand but no significant supply yet

Most projects are still in very early stages

“Power producers are willing to pay extra 2-3€ /GJ only due to the better storage- and handling characteristics” Rob Marcus, Vattenfall

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Thank You!

(www.hms-ag.com)