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REALISM in American Literature The Civil War – 1914 ( pre WWI). Political and Social Milestones. The Civil War 1861- 1865 New weapons-better accuracy New ways of warfare -trench warfare -fewer cavalry assaults -higher casualties An all-or-nothing war

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REALISM in American Literature The Civil War – 1914 ( pre WWI)


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political and social milestones
Political and Social Milestones

The Civil War 1861- 1865

  • New weapons-better accuracy
  • New ways of warfare

-trench warfare

-fewer cavalry assaults

-higher casualties

  • An all-or-nothing war
  • Created a war style used in WWI
the end of slavery and westward expansion
The End of Slavery and Westward Expansion
  • 1862 Emancipation Proclamation
  • The Thirteenth Amendment
  • 1862- Homestead Act

*160 acres of ground- 5 years

* Whites and Freed Slaves

* Transcontinental Railroad

* Farmers, miners, ranchers

milestones
Milestones
  • Photography 1860’s
  • Many pictures lost- glass used as windows later or as gas masks in WWI
  • People could view a war and its

aftermath

  • By 1908 Ford Model T changed American life
changing literature of the time
Changing Literature of the time-
  • Soldiers’ letters and diaries
  • Journalistic writings
  • Novels- not written- Writers were not

in the battles

changing literature of the time cont d
Changing Literature of the time-cont’d
  • Thoreau, Hawthorne, Dickenson

died during the war years

  • Other writers were overseas
  • Current writing styles didn’t meet the

needs of telling about war

realistic style
REALISTIC STYLE
  • Works/themes were now based on

-ordinary life

-slums in growing cities

-factories replacing farm life

-corrupt politics

-prostitution

-human behavior- an emerging science

-plain, everyday language

realistic style8
REALISTIC STYLE
  • Regionalism—specific settings, geographic areas, dialects, local manners
  • Huckleberry Finn is considered to be the best example of Realistic/Regional writing
  • Mark Twain is considered the father of Modern Literature
the move from realism to naturalism literature would now
The move from Realism to Naturalism- Literature would now
  • Analyze people objectively
  • Decide that Human behavior is set by heredity and environment
  • State that Humans cannot control their destiny
  • State that Life is a losing battle in an uncaring universe