slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 32

OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 71 Views
  • Uploaded on

Distributive Trade Statistics in African context: Challenges and good practices Nigerian situation Presented by Mrs. Oloyede Oluyemi (National Bureau of Statistics, (NBS) Abuja, Nigeria)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION' - sokanon-brown


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Distributive Trade Statistics in African context: Challenges and good practices Nigerian situation

Presented by

Mrs. Oloyede Oluyemi

(National Bureau of Statistics, (NBS) Abuja, Nigeria)

During the workshop for African Countries on the Implementation of International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

27-30 May, 2008,

United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) and African Centre for Statistics at Economic Commission for Africa (ACS)

outline of presentation
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION

Introduction

Legal Framework

Data sources

Production of Distributive Trade Statistics (DTS)

Problems

Recommendations/Conclusion

End of Presentation

introduction
INTRODUCTION
  • Definition of distribution trade statistics (DTS)
  • DTS is an important economic activity comprising wholesale, retail, export and import i.e. sales without transformation of any types of goods together with services incidental to sales such as repair, installation and delivery
introduction cont
INTRODUCTION CONT;
  • SCOPE
  • The target population are the establishments that are into wholesale, retail, export/import and other services that are incidental to sales such as repair & installation and delivery and employ 10 persons and above
  • COVERAGE
    • Coverage: Survey of Distributive trade under NISE covers all the states of the federation including Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
introduction cont1
INTRODUCTION CONT;
  • REGULARITY
  • Survey of Distributive Trade has been conducted on yearly basis since the year 2004 in which emphasis is on quarterly data under National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)/Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and Nigeria Communication Commission (NCC) collaborative survey of Socio-Economic activities in Nigeria using an infrastructure called NISE (National Integrated Survey of Establishment)
introduction cont2
INTRODUCTION CONT;
  • HISTORY OF DISTRIBUTIVE TRADE STATISTICS
  • The survey of distributive trade services started in Nigeria in 1971, as a pilot survey.
  • The subsequent surveys were in 1972,1973 and 1985
  • Then, on annual basis till date with preceding year as reference period
  • Quarterly survey of distributive trade began in 1998
legal frame work
LEGAL FRAME WORK
  • Nigeria Statistical Act May 2007 has two main clauses;
    • Enforcing any person or group in the country to comply with information requested for by the authorized Statistical Agency- National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in Nigeria
    • Making it mandatory for the Statistical Agency to keep individual information of respondents secret
data sources
DATA SOURCES
  • Distributive trade statistics in Nigeria is from statistical survey as classified in section G of ISIC Rev.3
post surveys collaborative surveys on dts
POST SURVEYS/COLLABORATIVE SURVEYS ON DTS
  • 2004 NBS/CBN/NCC Survey of Socio-Economic Activities in Nigeria
  • 2005 NBS/CBN/NCC Survey of Socio-Economic Activities in Nigeria
  • 2006 NBS/CBN/NCC Survey of Socio-Economic Activities in Nigeria
  • 2007 NBS/CBN/NCC Survey of Socio-Economic Activities in Nigeria, analysis is on going
  • The overall objective of collaboration is to collect statistics to facilitate the production of GDP and monitoring economic performance of DTS in the country
production of distributive trade statistics
PRODUCTION OF DISTRIBUTIVE TRADE STATISTICS
  • Production of distributive trade statistics involves:
  • Sample frame
  • Survey Methodology
    • Sample Design
    • Survey Instruments
    • Data Collection
    • Monitoring
    • Coordination
    • Data processing
    • Report writing
    • Dissemination
distributive trade statistcs sampling frame
DISTRIBUTIVE TRADE STATISTCS SAMPLING FRAME
  • We have three source from which we obtain DTS frame:
    • Value added Tax Register from Federal Inland Revenue
    • Cooperate Affairs Commission
    • National Bureau of Statistics
  • Frame is updated every 10 years in which sample are selected for the conduct of distributive trade statistics survey
  • The latest Frame updating was conducted in 2004
  • Currently, the 2007 frame updating is in process due to abnormalities in 2004
  • Items for the new template are :
    • Establishment Number
    • Zone
    • Senatorial District
    • State
    • Local Government
    • Employment Size
distributive trade frame cont
DISTRIBUTIVE TRADE FRAME CONT;
  • Nearest Town
  • Establishment name
  • Physical location
  • Postal address
  • Establishment phone number
  • E-mail address
  • Legal status
  • Registration with CAC
distributive trade frame cont1
DISTRIBUTIVE TRADE FRAME CONT;
  • Year of operation
  • Activity (name and code)
  • Product (name and code of 2 main product)
  • Import
  • Export
  • Sector
sample design
SAMPLE DESIGN
  • Establishments engaging 10 persons and above
  • Sample are selected proportion to size of population in each state of the Federation
  • Large establishments are selected with certainty
  • Contribution to GDP
survey instruments
SURVEY INSTRUMENTS:
  • The Instruments are:
  • Questionnaire:
  • Questionnaire for the survey of DTS undergo review every year
  • To meet the survey objectives, questionnaires were reviewed based on previous year experience
  • Editing Guideline
survey instruments cont
SURVEY INSTRUMENTS CONT;
  • Data Items:
  • DTS Questionnaire is usually divided into 13 sections
  • Section 1- Identification :
  • Name of establishment Physical location
  • Postal Address
  • Nearest Town
  • State
  • Local Government
  • Contact person telephone number
  • Year of commencement
data items cont
DATA ITEMS CONT;
  • Type of ownership
  • Type of activity engaged in
  • Section 2: Employment
  • Section 3: Income
  • Section 4: Costs of Goods sold
  • Section 5: Cost of Operation
  • Section 6: Capital Expenditure
data items cont1
DATA ITEMS CONT;
  • Section 7: Source of working capital
  • Section 8: Profit/ Loss before tax
  • Section 9: Net Asset
  • Section 10: Working Capital
  • Section 11: Information and Communication

Technology

  • Section 12: Problems facing the

Establishment

  • Section 13: Certification
training
TRAINING
  • Before going to the field for data collection

training is always conducted at two levels:

  • Training of trainers (TOT) at Headquarters which involved senior officers from NBS,CBN and NCC
  • Training of field staff at state which also involves Zonal Controllers, State Officers and Supervisors and enumerators
data collection
DATA COLLECTION
  • Field work arrangement:
  • Arrangement is made on how data would be collected within a given period of time
  • Monitoring/Retrieval
  • Objectives of monitoring
    • To ensure good data quality
    • To identify sources of errors and correct them
    • To ensure the implementation of guidelines
    • To measure the size of errors
data collection cont
DATA COLLECTION CONT;
    • COORDINATION
    • Zonal Controllers and State Officers coordinate the field work in their Zones or States
  • This is to meet up with the time line
data processing analysis
DATA PROCESSING/ANALYSIS
  • Data processing and analysis is been done at the NBS headquarters
  • Field editing is first carried out and followed by manual editing and coding in the office on the retrieved questionnaires.
  • The editing, basically involves correcting anomalies like illegibility, unreasonable entries, arithmetic errors, inconsistency, impossible magnitude and making imputations where need be e.t.c
  • The next stage is data entry, followed by computer editing/data cleaning, then tables generation.
data processing analysis1
DATA PROCESSING/ANALYSIS
  • Analysis
  • Analysis is made on the following economic indicators:
    • Employment
    • Emolument of employees
    • Cost of goods sold
    • Value of sales
    • Gross Margin
    • Cost of Operation
    • Total working capital
output
OUTPUT
  • The output had been encouraging in the above economic indicators except total working capital that decreased by 35 percent in 2006 compared to 2005 survey result
uses of distributive trade statistics
USES OF DISTRIBUTIVE TRADE STATISTICS
  • Formulation of policy
  • Planning purposes
  • To study the trend of wages and salaries earned
  • Changes in sales
  • Contribution to GDP
report writing
REPORT WRITING
  • Report is written on the tables generated by Senior Officers of the subject matter division
dissemination strategy
DISSEMINATION STRATEGY
  • The data generated are available in both hard and soft copies.
  • Through Press and Electronic media
  • Workshop organized to sensitize the public
  • Bulletin
  • Newsletters
  • CD
  • Internet
  • Flash disk
current status
CURRENT STATUS
  • 2007 Survey of Distributive Trade Statistics is now at the analysis stage
  • There is an improvement in the response rate
achievement
ACHIEVEMENT
  • Improvement in DTS Frame
  • Frame updating
  • Continuity in data production
problems
PROBLEMS
  • Delay/low response
  • Respondents not giving correct information
  • Problem of call-backs
  • Partial completion of questionnaires
  • Establishment don’t keep record
  • Surveys in Nigeria are capital intensive
  • Fear of taxation
recommendations conclusion
Recommendations/Conclusion
  • Recently there is a lot of improvement in

generation of data in Nigeria

  • Efforts are been made to involve stakeholders
  • Bring in the umbrella agency
  • Development of State Statistical Year book for

administrative statistics

  • The constants need for users/Producers’ and suppliers

workshop

  • The enforcement of statistical act