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Lee’s Summit, Missouri (800) 246-7689 Jerry Enyeart. Who Is Progressive Maintenance Technologies?. PMT is an engineering and technical services company that specializes in plant reliability and maintenance improvement programs. Our Mission.

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lee s summit missouri 800 246 7689 jerry enyeart
Lee’s Summit, Missouri

(800) 246-7689

Jerry Enyeart

who is progressive maintenance technologies
Who Is Progressive Maintenance Technologies?

PMT is an engineering and technical services company that specializes in plant reliability and maintenance improvement programs

our mission
Our Mission

To assist companies in moving from a Cost Centered maintenance operation to a Profit Centered maintenance operation

a step in the right direction involves lubrication management
A Step In The Right DirectionInvolves Lubrication Management

“You Cannot Maintain Or Manage Equipment Without Maintaining And Managing Lubricants”

what is lubrication management
What Is Lubrication Management

Evaluation Process:

  • Review manufacturers lubrication recommendations/specifications
  • Evaluate each piece of equipment for both existing specifications and recommended performance specifications
  • Establish generic lubrication specifications based on equipment performance requirements
  • Establish lubrication PM program
  • Consolidate plant lubrication chemistries
  • Review equipment for proper filtration and breather applications
  • Establish oil analysis and contamination control program for applicable pieces of equipment
  • Evaluate storage and handling
  • Trouble shooting
lubrication knowledge is important
Lubrication Knowledge Is Important
  • Understand Equipment Performance requirements
  • Understand Performance Characteristics Of Lubricants
  • Put them together
easier said than done
Easier Said Than Done



Are Either Wrong, Inadequate

Or Outdated

ashless anti wear additives
Ashless Anti-wear Additives
  • Are hydrolytically stable and resist degradation caused by water
  • Are ashless and therefore reduce deposits caused by additives
  • Provide protection against coast down wear and permit use in gas turbines
  • Make consolidation of lubricants easier
    • Turbine Oils
    • Hydraulic Oils (AW & R&O)
    • AGMA
    • AGMA EP (Meets FZG Specifications)
    • Compressor Oils
    • Meets “Non-Detergent” Recommendations
new raw materials and manufacturing techniques provide additional performance
New Raw Materials and Manufacturing Techniques Provide Additional Performance
  • Group II basestocks
  • Ashless anti-wear additive package
  • R & O only packages
group ii basestocks
Group II Basestocks
  • Have inherently better oxidation resistance
  • Have better viscosity indexes
  • Have lower sulfur content
synergistic anti oxidant blends
Synergistic Anti-oxidant Blends
  • Provide initial PVOT (RBOT) values for new turbine oils which are four to five times higher than older turbine oils or Group I turbine oils
  • Resists degradation – service life can easily quadruple compared to older turbine oils
requires high cleanliness standards
Requires high cleanliness standards
  • Bulk loads should be manufactured and delivered at ISO 15/13/11 cleanliness levels
  • Dirty oil oxidizes more easily and produces more wear
  • These chemistries are being field tested and have demonstrated excellent performance in both steam and gas turbines
  • Field data confirms that oxidation based degradation of the oil is significantly slower than older generation oils.
lubrication concerns
Lubrication Concerns
  • Oil companies have made drastic formulation changes over the last 10 years
  • Oil historically used in hydro units no longer available
  • Additive technologies may be incompatible
  • Sludge formation when new oil added
  • Operational difficulties
oil analysis concerns
Oil Analysis Concerns
  • Oil samples seldom show wear debris prior to failures
  • Bulk oil sample looks good , but sludge formation occurs
  • Unreliable or different sampling methods exist
  • No current method to ensure compatibility of new oil on top of old oil
  • Lack central database for trends and condition based maintenance

Lubricant Formulation Background

10 Year Change Over

Group I Base Oil to Group II and Higher Base oil


Foam &

Air Entrainment






Polydimethylpolysiloxane (SILICONE)



Acrylate Copolymers ( ACRYLATE)




Caused when Group II added to Group I Oil


Hydrodynamic Lubrication Regime

Can be interrupted by Deposits

Result of Cavitation Result of degradation or incompatibility

Source: Kingsbury


Deposit and Sludge Formation

Four Possible Reasons

  • Group II base oils do not hold varnish precursors in suspension as old generation group I base oils. These insolubles may form deposits.
  • The antioxidant precipitate as they are preferentially oxides causing the varnish.
  • The new generation antifoam additives have less effective short time domain air release characteristics and these small air bubble are adiabatically compressed causing the varnish
  • Cross-Contamination with Hydraulic Oil (AW)
routine lube oil testing turbine bearings and governors
Routine Lube Oil TestingTurbine Bearings and Governors
  • Metals Straight Run
  • Digested Metals (filtered)
  • Acidity
  • Viscosity @ 40oC
  • Filter Residue (filterable solids)
  • Water in ppm (parts-per-million)
  • ISO Particle Count
varnish potential testing
Varnish Potential Testing
  • Routine Test Package (Previous Slide)
  • ASTM D2272 RPVOT for Oxidation Time
  • ASTM D2272 Sludge Forming Tendency
  • Voltammeter (RULER) ASTM D6971
  • Infrared Analysis

Filterable Solids


New Oil has high RULER Values

Phenolic Peak

compatibility testing
Compatibility Testing
  • Mixing / Blending
  • Heating (aging) Cooling (aging)
  • Visual Compatibility HL-1193
  • Acidity ASTM D974
  • Viscosity @ 40C ASTM D445
  • Filterable Solids Pentane HL 1116
  • Aniline Point ASTM D611
  • ASTM Color ASTM D1500
  • Foaming Characteristics ASTM D8921
  • Air Release Properties ASTM D34272
  • Water Separability ASTM D1401
  • Rust Prevention ASTM D665
  • Copper Corrosion ASTM D130
  • Sludge Forming Tendency ASTM D2272 (Modified)
As a predictive tool, oil analysis provides equipment and lubricant condition information identifying potential failures.
  • Alignment
  • Balancing
  • Vibration Analysis
  • Infrared Thermography
  • Ultrasound Detection
  • Motor Analysis
  • Oil Analysis
Fluid monitoring using particle count technology to control cleanliness levels, eliminating contamination as a factor in equipment failure.
  • Alignment
  • Balancing
  • Vibration Analysis
  • Infrared Thermography
  • Ultrasound Detection
  • Motor Analysis
  • Oil Analysis
  • Contamination Control
  • Reduced maintenance costs
  • Increased output through reduction of down-time (increased up-time)
  • Greater safety and environmental protection
  • Increased product quality
  • Longer operating life of expensive equipment
  • Significant energy savings
visit our web site
Visit our Web Site!
  • Corporate Overview
  • Cost Benefits
  • Innovative Solutions
  • Information Center
  • News & Press
  • Employment Opportunities
  • Training Center