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SS4H1a, b SS4H2a, b SS4G2a, b. Unit 2: The Discovery of North America. Question 1. The Inuit Native Americans settled A near the desert areas of the southwest B all along the eastern coast of the U. S. C in the flat plains area of the U. S. D in the arctic areas of Alaska and Canada.

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Unit 2:The Discovery of North America


Question 1
Question 1

The Inuit Native Americans settled

A near the desert areas of the southwest

B all along the eastern coast of the U. S.

C in the flat plains area of the U. S.

D in the arctic areas of Alaska and Canada


Answer 1
Answer 1

The Inuit Native Americans settled

D in the arctic areas of Alaska and Canada


Question 2
Question 2

Totem poles were a form of art. They were symbols for

A spiritual meaning for the Plains people

B a way to symbolize the seasons of the year

C an artistic expression of the sky, wind and earth

D showing family and clan stories


Answer 2
Answer 2

Totem poles were a form of art. They were symbols for

D showing family and clan stories


Question 3
Question 3

How did horses change the lives of the Plains Indians?

A because horses made farming easier

B horses helped promote peace between Indian groups

C horses made it easier to hunt and travel

D Plains Indians started hunting horses instead of buffalo


Answer 3
Answer 3

How did horses change the lives of the Plains Indians?

C horses made it easier to hunt and travel


Question 4
Question 4

What trait describes the Native Americans in the Eastern Plains?

A they traditionally lived in stone houses

B traveled around the country like nomads

C were not known for their farming skills

D worked on their farms and hunted buffalo


Answer 4
Answer 4

What trait describes the Native Americans in the Eastern Plains?

D worked on their farms and hunted buffalo


Question 5
Question 5

Pacific Northwest Americans such as the Kwakiutl, had the following resources

A corn and adobe brick

B cedar trees, salmon, and fish

C corn, squash and buffalo meat

D deer, bear, rabbit and cedar trees


Answer 5
Answer 5

Pacific Northwest Americans such as the Kwakiutl, had the following resources

B cedar trees, salmon, and fish


Question 6
Question 6

Why did the Native Americans living in the southwest use irrigation?

A they needed to water their crops

B it helped them hunt for food

C irrigation was used to protect their homes

D the long ditches provided a place to drink


Answer 6
Answer 6

Why did the Native Americans living in the southwest use irrigation?

A they needed to water their crops


Question 7
Question 7

Henry Hudson, an English captain, claimed land in North American for the Dutch and the English. This is an example of explorers sailing for countries other than their homelands. Another explorer who sailed for a nation other than his place of birth was

A. Vasco Núñez Balboa

B. Juan Ponce de León

C. Jacques Cartier

D. John Cabot


Answer 7
Answer 7

Henry Hudson, an English captain, claimed land in North American for the Dutch and the English. This is an example of explorers sailing for countries other than their homelands. Another explorer who sailed for a nation other than his place of birth was

D. John Cabot


Question 8
Question 8

The Columbian Exchange is the name for the movement of plants, animals, and people between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres following Columbus’s voyages to North America. What did Columbus take back to Europe from the Americas?

A. horses and cattle

B. coffee and cacao

C. pigs and peanuts

D. corn and squash


Answer 8
Answer 8

The Columbian Exchange is the name for the movement of plants, animals, and people between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres following Columbus’s voyages to North America. What did Columbus take back to Europe from the Americas?

D. corn and squash


Question 9
Question 9

John Cabot and Jacques Cartier traveled to North America looking for a

A. water route through North America to Asia

B. route used by the Dutch West India Company

C. shorter route to Europe from North America

D. faster sailing route from France to Quebec


Answer 9
Answer 9

John Cabot and Jacques Cartier traveled to North America looking for a

A. water route through North America to Asia


Question 10
Question 10

European explorers from France and England looked for a Northwest Passage through North America to Asia. The primary purpose of their voyages was to

A. recover sailing ships that were lost at sea

B. find a fishing area for European markets

C. bring back spices and riches from Asia

D. establish settlements for their country


Answer 10
Answer 10

European explorers from France and England looked for a Northwest Passage through North America to Asia. The primary purpose of their voyages was to

C. bring back spices and riches from Asia


Question 11
Question 11

Spanish conquistadors were eager to find wealth and fame for themselves in North America, often fighting with the American Indians. One such Spaniard was Juan Ponce de León. He explored and

A. named Florida for the season

B. found the “Fountain of Youth”

C. made peace with native people

D. reached the Pacific Ocean


Answer 11
Answer 11

Spanish conquistadors were eager to find wealth and fame for themselves in North America, often fighting with the American Indians. One such Spaniard was Juan Ponce de León. He explored and

A. named Florida for the season


Question 12
Question 12

The sailing routes on the map show that Columbus

A. circled the globe by sailing west

B. never reached the East Indies

C. sailed along South America

D. crossed the Pacific Ocean


Answer 12
Answer 12

The sailing routes on the map show that Columbus

B. never reached the East Indies


Question 13
Question 13

Spanish colonists treated the indigenous people of North America harshly. Settlers

A. forced American Indians to work on farms and in mines

B. paid American Indians for working on farms and in mines

C. invited American Indians to sail with them to Spain

D. gave the gold they found to the American Indians


Answer 13
Answer 13

Spanish colonists treated the indigenous people of North America harshly. Settlers

A. forced American Indians to work on farms and in mines


Question 14
Question 14

Spanish settlers in North America imported enslaved Africans because

A. Africans already knew the Spanish language and customs

B. American Indians wanted higher pay than enslaved Africans

C. they needed workers to replace American Indians who died

D. enslaved Africans were better farmers than American Indians


Answer 14
Answer 14

Spanish settlers in North America imported enslaved Africans because

C. they needed workers to replace American Indians who died


Question 15
Question 15

Marco Polo’s travels were written into a book. The story caused the kings and queens of Europe to seek ways to make their country more wealthy and powerful by

A. sending explorers to find water routes to Asia

B. calling Marco Polo a good fictional story teller

C. traveling overland along the established Silk Road

D. working with other European leaders to go to war


Answer 15
Answer 15

Marco Polo’s travels were written into a book. The story caused the kings and queens of Europe to seek ways to make their country more wealthy and powerful by

A. sending explorers to find water routes to Asia


Question 16
Question 16

During the Renaissance, which occurred in the 15th Century, new technology encouraged exploration. European explorers used the following tools:

  • The astrolabe measured the angle of sun or a star above the horizon to find out how far north or south they were compared to the equator.

  • European sailors learned how to navigate using a compass. With this instrument, they could check whether they were heading north, south, east, or west.

  • The improved sailing technology of the caravel ship also helped sailors. The caravel's triangular sails allowed the ship to sail directly into the wind. The Chinese invented gunpowder.

  • Sailors used gunpowder in weapons such as cannon to defend their ships.

Explorers in the 1400’s and 1500’s, such as Christopher Columbus, were successful because of new sailing technologies. To keep his ships on a westward course, Columbus relied on

A. gunpowder

B. astrolabe

C. compass

D. caravel


Answer 16
Answer 16

Explorers in the 1400’s and 1500’s, such as Christopher Columbus, were successful because of new sailing technologies. To keep his ships on a westward course, Columbus relied on

C. compass