Time Perspective and its Role in Coping Behaviour with a Conflict Situation Performed by Milana R.Hachaturova, lecturer Department of Psychology, National Research University – Higher School of Economics, Moscow,Russia Research adviser: Professor AllaKonstantinovnaBolotova, Doctor of Psychology
Сoping strategies • A coping strategy - the actions of an individual in dealing with complex situations. There are three types of coping strategies: emotional, cognitive and behavioural. These types of coping strategies of behavior in a conflict can be adaptive, relatively adaptive and non-adaptive.
ZTPI (F. Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory) • Allows working with all three time aspects at once - the past, the present and the future. ZTPI consists of five factors or scales: • «the negative past»; • «the hedonistic present»; • «the future»; • «the positive past»; • «the fatalistic present».
The goal of the research • is studying the interrelation between time perspective orientation and the person’s choice of coping strategies in conflicts situations.
Hypotheses • A person with prevalence of time perspective focused on the future prefers cognitive strategies of behaviour in a situation of interpersonal conflicts. • A person with prevalence of time perspective focused on the fatalistic present and the negative past prefers non-adaptive emotional and behavioural strategies of behaviour in a conflict situation. • A person with prevalence of time perspective focused on the future, the positive past and the hedonistic present prefers adaptive and relatively adaptive strategies of behaviour in a conflict situation more often than non-adaptive variants.
Methodology • To prove the stated hypotheses we used the following methods: Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory and E.Heim’s technique (coping strategies). • 156 (87 women and 69 men), whose average age was 27 participated in our research.
The results of the research Pearson Correlation Coefficient p<0,01 andp<0,05 A – adaptive, RA – relatively adaptive, N – non-adaptive
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