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Genetics Fun Review

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Genetics Fun Review

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  1. Genetics Fun Review

  2. Disorders Meiosis & Mitosis Heredity And Mendel DNA and RNA Protein Synthesis 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 600 600 600 600 600 700 700 700 700 700 800 800 800 800 800 900 900 900 900 900 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

  3. 100 All of the genetic material that makes up an organism Continue

  4. 200 Johnny inherited a “s” allele from his dad and a “S” allele from his mom. He is _____________for sickle cell disorder. Continue

  5. 300 A male with Klinefelter’s Syndrome has XXY sex chromosomes. “This” is the total number of chromosomes in his body cells Continue

  6. 400 Colorblindness occurs much more frequently in males because males have only one ____ chromosome, and color-blindness is a _______ trait Continue

  7. 500 One parent is homozygous dominant, and the other is heterozygous for Marfan’s disorder. This is the probability that their child will have Marfan’s. (Abe Lincoln may have had this “recessive connective tissue disorder”). Continue

  8. 600 A human female with Turner’s Syndrome has only 1 X chromosome. Her diploid (2n) number is ______ Continue

  9. 700 An extra 21st chromosome causes this disorder. Continue

  10. 800 Cystic Fibrosis is __________ (only rr have the trait); while Huntington’s disease is _________ (RR and Rr have the disease). Cystic fibrosis x-ray Continue

  11. 900 Which of the following parental crosses could produce colorblind female babies?(Note: colorblindness is sex-linked and recessive) a)XRXR x XrY b)XrXr x XRY c)XRXr x XRY d)XRXr x XrY Continue

  12. 1000 The genotypes of the female (I1) is rr. These are the genotypes of II2 and III4) Continue

  13. 100 The sex of this human. Continue

  14. 200 This type of cell might have 22 autosomes and a Y chromosome. Continue

  15. 300 Mitosis creates which of the following? (write out your answer) a) 4 Gametes (egg or sperm) b) 4 identical daughter cells c) 2 identical daughter cells Continue

  16. 400 Crossing over of homologous chromosomes occurs during (Meiosis / Mitosis / Transcription) (choose one) Continue

  17. 500 These are the phases (in order) of the cell cycle (mitosis) Continue

  18. 600 A recessive allele is expressed in offspring when: Continue

  19. 700 The “maned wolf” has a diploid chromosome count of 76. a) This is the number of chromosomes it has in each of its lung cells. b) This is the number of chromosomes in its sperm. Continue

  20. 800 This is the fusion of haploid gametes Continue

  21. 900 MEIOSIS in humans results in: (write out your answer) a) 46 chromosomes in each gamete b) 2 identical daughter cells c) 4 gametes (each with 23 chromosomes) Continue

  22. 1000 Inheriting one trait does not affect your inheritance of a second trait. This is Mendel’s Law of ______ ______ Continue

  23. 100 Cross a heterozygous brown guinea pig with a homozygous white guinea pig (bb). This is the probability of obtaining white offspring. Continue

  24. 200 If you cross Nn x Nn, this percentage of the offspring will express the dominant phenotype? Continue

  25. 300 A person with polydactyly (extra digits) is heterozygous and marries and has kids with a homozygous recessive individual. What is the chance their first child will have polydactyly? (hint: polydactyly is an autosomal dominant trait) Continue

  26. 400 A trait that is expressed is referred to as __________________ Continue

  27. 500 A “bushy eyebrow” father marries a mother that is homozygous recessive (bb) for “skinny eyebrows”. They have 4 kids: 1 with bushy eyebrows and 3 with skinny eyebrows. What is the father’s genotype? Continue

  28. 600 When both alleles are expressed completely and separately, it is referred to as _______________. (examples include A, B, AB, and O blood types) Continue

  29. 700 This is the type of interaction happening among allelesin this diagram. Continue

  30. 800 Lucia is a carrier of hemophilia (sex-linked, recessive). She marries and has kids with Jay who is a hemophiliac. This is the probability their first child will have hemophilia. Continue

  31. 900 Laura has female pattern baldness (sex-linked, recessive). She marries Ben who is not bald. What percent of their daughters will have female pattern baldness. (construct a sex-linked Punnett square to find out!) Continue

  32. 1000 This Punnett square demonstrates a _________ cross. The presence of one trait (does / does not)affect the presence of the other. Continue

  33. 100 (DNA / RNA) is single stranded. (choose one) Continue

  34. 200 “These types” of organisms were tested to determine that DNA makes up genetic material Continue

  35. 300 This is the nucleotide that pairs with cytosine in DNA. Continue

  36. 400 1)DNA has these nitrogen containing bases (list 4!), whereas: 2)RNA has these nitrogen containing bases (list 4!) Continue

  37. 500 ________and _______make up the backbone of the DNA double helix Continue

  38. 600 These scientists helped develop the double helix model of DNA. Continue

  39. 700 This enzyme forms bonds between nucleotides and checks for errors during DNA replication. Continue

  40. 800 If a section of one of my strands of DNA read: …ACT GCT GGG CCT TGG…the complementary strand would read: Continue

  41. 900 Chargaff helped to determine the structure of DNA. According to his findings, if there was 22% A in a given DNA segment, there would be ____% C, ____%G and ____%T (list them in the correct order). Continue

  42. 1000 DNA replicates through “semiconservative” replication. This is the definition of semiconservative. Continue

  43. 100 Protein construction occurs in the ________________ (location in the cell) on the _______________(organelle) Continue

  44. 200 Not all of the DNA is transcribed into mRNA in the nucleus. This is the smallest segment of DNA that codes for a protein. Continue

  45. 300 “This type” of RNA carries an amino acid and matches its anticodon with the codon of the mRNA. Continue

  46. 400 An anticodon with the sequence, AAA, found on a ______(kind of molecule) pairs with ________codon on a ______(kind of molecule) Continue

  47. 500 The Central Dogma states: Continue

  48. 600 During translation, this type of bond joins the amino acids making up a growing protein. Continue

  49. 700 The number of amino acids that is coded for by this mRNA segment: …UAGGGACCGGUGACU… Continue

  50. 800 Suppose translation has just begun. a) Write the mRNA start codon sequence. b) Write the correct tRNA anticodon sequence for this start codon. Continue