The Indus River Valley. The Indus River Valley is located on the western side of the subcontinent of India. The subcontinent of India is surrounded on three sides by water. On the eastern side the Bay of Bengal is located. On the southern side the Indian Oceans is located.
The Indus River Valley is located on the western side of the subcontinent of India.
The Indus River flows out of the Himalaya Mountains and just like Mesopotamia and Egypt, the river would flood leaving a rich deposit of silt to fertilize the land.
Most of this region is hot and humid.
Some parts of the region can get as much as 100-200 inches of rain. (16 feet)
The civilizations that grew up along the Indus River are called the Harappan civilization. This civilization controlled much of the area on both sides of the river.
Farmers began to create surpluses of food, towns and cities appeared and populations began to grow.
Scientist have gain most of their information about this civilization from two cities that they have uncovered, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
What was a unique quality for both of these cities was the way that they were built.
Both cities had public wells where fresh water could be draw for homeowner and city use.
It is also thought that like Egypt, the Harappans worshipped their king as a god.
What is known is that not long after the Harappans left a group of people from Central Asia known as the Aryans moved into the Indus River Valley and began to create their civilization.
What is known about the Aryans has been learned from religious writings called the Vedas.
The Aryans didn’t have a single ruler but rather each group who lived there had their own tribal leaders.
The first Aryan settlers didn’t read or write. Because of this they had to memorize the poems and hymns that were important to their culture, such as those kept in the Vedas.
Untouchables weren’t allowed to socialize with any other social group. They were given jobs that no one else would take.
The guidelines for how one would behave within their own caste, the people of the region had Sutras, or guidelines.